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2016年高考英语高效书面表达专题卷:1(含解析)

资料类别: 英语/同步

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1.
基础写作(满分15分)
假如你是李华,2010年亚洲运动会将在广州举办,现在正招募志愿者,你希望成为其中一员。请按要求用英语给组委会写一封申请信。
写作内容:
个人情况:年龄,学历
个人条件:英语好,爱好体育,善于交往,乐于助人,熟悉广州情况
承诺:提供最佳服务,展现青年志愿者的风采
写作要求:
1. 只能使用5个句子表达全部的内容,信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入考查范围内。
2. 文中不能出现真实的姓名和学校名称
Dear Sir or Madam,
     My name is Li Hua.
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
    Please consider my request, and I’m looking forward to your early reply.
                                                             Yours faithfully
                                                                     Li Hua
(考词汇:志愿者volunteer     2010年广州亚运会   the 2010 Guangzhou Asian Games.)
2.阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。
One day, while she was walking in the woods, a girl found two starving songbirds. She took them home and put them in a small cage. She cared them with love and the birds grew strong. Every morning they greeted her with a wonderful song. The girl felt great love for the birds.
One day the girl left the door to the cage open. The larger and stronger of the two birds flew from the cage. The girl was so frightened that he would fly away. As he flew close, she grasped him wildly. Her heart felt glad at her success in capturing him. Suddenly she felt the bird go limp. She opened her hand and stared in horror at the dead bird. Her desperate love had killed him.
 She noticed the other bird moving back and forth on the edge of the cage. She could feel his great need for freedom. He needed to soar into the clear, blue sky. She lifted him from the cage and tossed him softly into the air. The bird circled once, twice, three times.
  The girl watched delightedly at the bird's enjoyment. Her heart was no longer concerned with her loss. She wanted the bird to be happy. Suddenly the bird flew closer and landed softly on her shoulder. It sang the sweetest melody that she had ever heard.
  She finally realized that the fastest way to lose love is to hold on it too tight, the best way to keep love is to give it WINGS!
[写作内容]
1. 以约30个词概括短文的要点;
2. 然后以约120个词就 “爱就要放手” 这一主题发表看法,并包括如下要点:
a) 以自己为例,简述生活中你父母对你的过度关注;
b) 你父母的做法对你造成了什么不良的影响;
c) 如果有机会,你会就此问题对父母说些什么
[写作要求]
1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子。
2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。
[评分标准]
概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。
3.假如你是学生会主席, 请根据下面图表, 1。用英语写一则秋游的通知。
回来后讨论。2.在山顶野餐, 要自带午餐和饮料。3.参加者在本周四前到学生会报名。
注意:1.通知必须包括表内所列内容, 可以适当调整内容的顺序和增加细节, 使其连贯, 完整。
2. 词数:100左右。3.通知时间 10月3日。
4. 生词:植物园the botanical garden; 报名sign up for; 学生会the Students’ Union.  
参加者	高一年级的学生		活动内容	1.去博物馆看《人与自然》的展览2.参观泉山植物园		集合地点	学校大门口		集合时间	1.月日上午乘校车前往。2.早上7点集合, 7:20开车。		注意事项	1.参观展览时保持安静;并认真记笔记,准备回来后讨论。
2.在山顶野餐,要自带午餐和饮料。
3.参加者在本周四前到学生会报名。		Tom写一封电子邮件。(开头已为你写好,不计算在总词数内)
1. 对高考感觉和考后打算;
2. 畅想大学生活和未来理想。
注意:1. 词数120-150;
      2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯
5.阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。
Here are some comments on Li Hua from his classmates.
Lily said, "Li Hua is the smartest student in our class and usually scores the highest marks in the English and mathematics exams. His homework and assignments are always done to a very high standard so our teachers ask us to follow his example. We all admire his intelligence."
Kate said, "Li Hua is really a hard-working student. He spends at least four hours every day reviewing his lessons and his homework is never late. As the exams get closer he becomes even more diligent and works into the early hours of the morning, making sure he has gone over all of the information covered in our classes."
John said, "Li Hua is the kind of person who is easy to co-operate with. Although he's very clever he is still willing to listen to others' opinions and take their suggestions. When we do groupwork in class we all want to be in his group because he always does his share of the work and is easy to get along with."
Tim said, "Li Hua is the class monitor and the most helpful student in our class. He always makes sure the classroom is kept clean and assists the teacher in handing out and collecting the students' books and homework. When a student is absent from school he will call and tell them what they have missed." 
【写作内容】
假设你叫李平,你的同学李华拟申请到美国某大学学习。申请材料需包括同伴的推荐信。李华邀请你为他写一封推荐信。上文是其他同学对李华的一些评价,请根据这些材料和你自己对李华的看法,写一封推荐信。以下是信的内容(信的开头和结尾已经为你写好):
1. 以约30个词概括同学们眼中李华的特点和优点;
2. 以约120个词表达你对李华的看法,并包括如下要点:
⑴ 你对同学们评价意见的看法;
⑵ 以你和李华之间的经历来说明其中的一点看法。
【写作要求】
1. 作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引用原文中的句子;
2. 信中不能出现真实的姓名和学校名称。

参考答案
1.
Dear Sir or Madam,
     My name is Li Hua. I would like to serve as a volunteer for the coming of the 2010 Guangzhou Asian Games.
     I am a 17-year-old Senior Three student at No. 28 High School and I am good at English and I enjoy talking with foreigners.
     I believe I would do a good job at the Games. First of all, I appreciate sports and I know the city very well; secondly, I can easily get along with others, which is important for a volunteer and also, I’m ready to offer my help whenever needed. I make a promise that if I were to be chosen as a youth volunteer, I would offer the best service possible to the people at the Games.
Please consider my request, and I’m looking forward to your early reply.
                                                                Yours faithfully
                                                                    Li Hua

【解析】
2. 
A girl realized the best way to keep love is to let a bird fly when she accidentally killed a bird which tried to escape and freed the other which flew happily.
I must admit that my parents love me very much, but their excessive love sometimes has gone too far. For example, they won’t allow me to chat with my American friend online or allow me to go shopping by myself for fear I might be cheated though I am already 18 years old. What’s worse, they even secretly read my diary.
To be honest, I am now suffering a lot from this. Due to their excessive love, I don’t have many friends. As a girl of 18, I am not able to make my own decisions about many things. Though I can’t tolerate all this, I dare not speak up for I know this is all due to their deep love for me. 
    If I had the chance to talk with them about this, I would like to tell them that I can manage without their hovering over me! I’d like to say to them, “Please let go of your anxiety. Give me some advice just when necessary, and for most of the time, let me think for myself. Your love should never be a burden on me. Love me, and let me fly with it.”   
【解析】
试题分析:本文属于读写任务写作,动笔前,一定要认真阅读原文,并理解内容。认真看清题目要求,这篇书面表达给了一段材料:先要求以约30个词概括上文的主要内容,要求有很高的概括提炼的能力,要抓住文章的主题,再以约120个词写一篇短文,按照要点去表达,不能有遗漏,写作时注意准确运用时态,上下文意思连贯,符合逻辑关系。写作时尽量使用自己会的单词、词组和句型,同时也要注意使用一些高级语法和句型,使自己的文章更有文采。
【亮点说明】文章简洁的总结了所给材料,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯,使用了词组:What’s worse更糟糕的是, Due to 由于,因为,To be honest说实话, let go of 放手,句式上也是富有变化:A girl realized the best way to keep love is to let a bird fly when she accidentally killed a bird which tried to escape and freed the other which flew happily.这句话用了定语从句和不定式做表语, For example, they won’t allow me to chat with my American friend online or allow me to go shopping by myself for fear I might be cheated though I am already 18 years old. 这句话用了目的状语从句,Give me some advice just when necessary, and for most of the time, let me think for myself. 这句话用了省略句, 
考点:考查读写任务类书面表达
3.
One possible version:
Notice                    October 3
The students of Senior Grade One will go out for a visit on October 3. We’ll first go to the museum to see an exhibition of Man and Nature. When you’re in the exhibition hall you should keep silent and make careful notes because we’re going to have a discussion after we come back. After that we plan to visit the botanical garden on the Quanshan Hill and have a picnic on the top of it. So please bring lunch and some drinking water with you.
    Our school bus will leave at 7:20. Please gather at our school gate at 7:00a.m. Those who want to take part in the activity should sign up for it at the Students’ Union before Thursday.
【解析】
试题分析:本文要求所以要用一般时。注意句子的衔接,以提高作文的档次。
【亮点说明】文中使用了非常好的短语和句子为文章增色不少,比如,还运用了等。并注意了的衔接如等等。
考点:提纲作文。

【解析】略
5.
I am writing this letter to support my good friend Li Hua's application to study at your university. In my classmates' eyes, he has always been an intelligent and hard-working student, who is helpful and co-operative with others. For these reasons, he is very popular with everyone. 
I agree with my classmates and I have personally benefited greatly from his help. I still remember at the beginning of this school year I was in a traffic accident and that required me to be in hospital for over two months. This situation caused me great concern as I feared I would fall far behind my classmates in this very important year of study. But thanks to Li Hua by the time I was well enough to leave hospital and return to work I was up-to-date in all areas of my study. Not only did he come to visit me every day, bringing with him all the lessons and materials our class had gone through each day, but he patiently sat with me and explained to me all those issues that I didn't understand. Only after staying with me for at least 2 hours every day would he go home and begin his own studies. 
For the reasons above, I urge you to consider his application favourably.
【解析】
试题分析:考查半开放性作文。李华的优点可以用:聪明,勤奋,善于合作等等。考生可以自行选择一个身边的实例作为蓝本说明你和李华之间的经历,考生可以适当拓展并发挥想象,从而使文章的叙述不单调。写作时认真审题,并在脑海中回想自己积累的哪些句式、句型、单词能用进来,这些单词、句型都应是经典的,不会错的。写的过程中,多注意灵活使用定语从句,包括非限制性定语从句。
考点:考查半开放性作文
点评:半开放性作文给出了一个话题,并有部分的文字提示。给考生自由发挥的余地较大。对于考生的综合能力要求较高,要求考生有很强的谋篇布局的能力和组织要点的能力。在完成开放性作文时,首先要选择自己熟悉的短语或者句型,在你的能力范围之内,选择句式时要赋予变化,因为这样你才可以更好的驾驭。同时也要选择合适的连接词,把各个要点组织成一个完整的整体,如besides, further, last but not least等。在发表个人观点的时候,可以使用谚语来提升整个文章的档次和文采,也能增加得高分的可能性。














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