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广西钦州市钦州港区2016-2017学年高一12月月考英语试卷

资料类别: 英语/试题

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广西钦州市钦州港区2016-2017学年高一年级上学期12月份考试

英 语 试 题

(时间:120分钟 满分:150分)
学校:___________姓名:___________班级:___________考号:___________

注意事项:
1. 答题前填写好自己的姓名、班级、考号等信息2. 请将答案正确填写在答题卡上





第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。  
 A
If you want to get a taste of United States history, you may go to the capital, Washington, DC. While DC does have much to see, there is another city in the US that may offer a deeper historical understanding.
    Boston, the capital of Massachusetts, was founded in 1630, over 150 years before DC became the capital. The American Revolution War actually started in this city, which was the fight to gain independence (独立) from Britain. To learn more about the history of Boston and how the US started, you can see where it all happened. You can take a walk along the Freedom Trail (自由之路), a 4km historical walking path.
And there’s much more to Boston than just history. The city has fun activities for everyone. Enjoy an easy hike to the Bunker Hill Memorial to get a great whole view of the entire city. You just have to walk up 294 steps to enjoy the view, but it’s well worth it.   
                                                                                      Or go to Boston Harbor to enjoy a walk on the waterfront and eat some great seafood. If you’re an early riser, it’s also the perfect place to see the sunrise.
    Even if sports aren’t your favorite thing, going to a baseball game in Fenway Park is a great experience. This is where the Boston Red Sox play baseball. It is the oldest baseball field in Major League Baseball. Enjoy the exciting atmosphere (气氛) at the game and in Boston.
21. Which of the following about Boston is NOT true?
  A. Boston is the capital of Massachusetts.  
B. Boston was founded before DC became the capital.  
C. Boston was the capital of the US in 1630.
  D. The American Revolution started in Boston.
22. Which place can allow you to see the whole city of Boston?
  A. The Freedom Trail.               B. The Bunker Hill Memorial.   
  C. Boston Harbor.                  D. Fenway Park.
23. What does the writer suggest you in the last paragraph?
  A. Watch a baseball game in Fenway Park.  
  B. Learn the history of Boston Red Sox.
  C. Search more about Major League Baseball.   
  D. Visit Fenway Park to enjoy different sports.  
B
It snowed again. My seventh Christmas was around the corner. I dreamed of getting the present from Santa Claus until my elder sister told me: “There is no Santa Claus.”
    I ran to my grandmother’s house, for she always told the truth. Grandmother was at home. I told her everything.
    “No Santa Claus?” she said. “Ridiculous (荒谬的)! I don’t believe it. Put on your coat and let’s go.”
    “Go where?” I asked.
    As we walked through the doors of the general store, Grandma handed me 10 dollars and said: “Buy something for someone who needs it.”
    I just stood there, thinking about what to buy and who to buy it for.
    I thought of everybody I knew. Then I thought about Bobbie Decker. He didn’t have a coat. He never went out to play games in winter. I would buy him one.
    That evening, Grandma helped me wrap the coat and write, “To Bobbie, from Santa Claus” on it. Then she drove me over to his house.
    Grandma parked down the street, and we hid behind the trees near Bobbie’s house. Then she said: “All right, Santa Claus is coming.”
    I rushed for his front door, and put down the present outside his door. I rang his doorbell then flew back to the trees. We waited breathlessly in the dark for the front door to open. Finally it did and there stood Bobbie. That night, I realized Santa was alive and well, and we were on his team.
24. After hearing her sister’s words, the writer was ______.
A. Angry    	B. Relaxed   		C. Happy     D. disappointed
25. What can you infer from the story?
A. Bobbie’s family might not be rich.   	B. Bobbie was the writer’s best friend.
C. Bobbie wanted a Christmas present.   D. The writer loved to play games with Bobbie.
26. When he saw the coat, Bobbie might feel ______.
A. surprised     B. Scared     	C. calm      D. worried
27. What did the writer learn from that Christmas experience?
A. It was always better to tell the truth.     
B. Giving can make a person feel happy.
C. There was a real Santa Claus in the world.    
D. Christmas is always the best time for giving presents to someone in need
                                  C
    How can you change negative(消极的) thoughts? Many people suggest changing your attitude by thinking of something bright and happy.
    However, scientists from Queen’s University in Canada said that there might be another way: by walking like a happy person.
    “It is not surprising that our mood and the way we feel affects how we walk, but we want to see whether the way we move also affects how we feel,” explained Nikolaus Troje, the lead scientist, to The Independent.
    Scientists believed that the way we remember emotional messages is affected by our mood. Those who suffer from depression (抑郁) remember negative information far more easily than active messages, especially when the information is about them.
    In order to prove this, Troje and his team used cameras to observe 47 people walking on the treadmill (跑步机). Half of the people were encouraged to mimic (模仿) a depressive walking style, while the other half moved like a happy person. Walking speed was kept equal for both groups.
    During the time on the treadmill, the scientists read out a list of active and negative words, asking people to decide whether or not each word described them well. Afterwards, people were asked to recite as many of the words as they could remember.
    As expected, those who had been mimicking a depressed walk remembered more negative words than those that had been walking in a happy manner.
    This finding means that our walk influences the way we treat information. And the scientists believe that using a happy walking style could help with treatment for depression.
28. What new way did scientists from Queen’s University possibly find to change negative thoughts?
  A. Doing something happy.       	B. Thinking of something bright.
  C. Walking like a happy person.   	D. Thinking about being a happy person.
29. Which of the following is NOT true about Troje’s test?
  A. The 47 people walked on the treadmill.   
  B. Half of the people walked in a depressive walking style.
  C. Another half walked in a happy walking style.   
  D. The two groups walked at different speeds.
30. In the test, those who walked in a happy manner ______.
  A. remembered more negative words   	B. remembered more positive words
  C. lived a happier life               	D. lived a harder life
31. According to the story, the finding can help ______.
  A. treat patients with depression       B. improve one’s acting skills
  C. deal with people’s memory loss     D. change a person’s exercise habit
D
Air pollution, such as smog, has become a serious problem around the world. Besides wearing a mask, what else can we do to protect ourselves from the dirty air?
    Scientists have developed a new inhaler (吸入剂) that can reduce the effect air pollution has on people. It could help millions of people who are suffering from air pollution, the Guardian reports.
    This inhaler is developed by German company Bitop and contains a molecule (分子) named Ectoine. The molecule creates a layer (涂层) that protects lungs from polluted air. It’s reported that the inhaler will be affordable to most people when it comes to the market.
    Air pollution kills more than three million people a year worldwide and leads to health problems like lung and heart disease and strokes, according to a 2015 research project in the journal Nature. It is also linked to brain disease, mental illness and diabetes (糖尿病).
    Andreas Bilstein at Bitop believed that the inhaler could be useful around the world, because air pollution is not just a European problem: “Especially in Asia - China in particular - the demand for such a product is even higher.”
    Many Chinese cities have been suffering from smog. According to World Health Organization, two of the 10 most polluted cities in the world in 2014 were in China. About 800,000 deaths that are linked to air pollution take place in the country every year.
    However, such inhalers should never be an excuse for not trying to stop air pollution, said Professor Jean Krutmann at the Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine. “The best thing is that we have clean air and we don’t need any prophylactic (预防性的) treatment,” he said. 
32. What is the new inhaler?
  A. It can help protect the environment.     
B. It can make the dirty air clean.
  C. It can solve the air pollution problem.    
D. It can help us reduce the harm of air pollution.
33. From the third paragraph, we learn that ______.
  A. the inhaler comes from a US company          
B. the inhaler is named Ectoine
  C. a molecule in the inhaler forms a layer on lungs   
D. the inhaler’s price will be too high for most people
34. Which of the following is NOT true?
  A. Air pollution kills millions of people a year worldwide.   
B. Air pollution can cause mental illness.
  C. There are no air pollution problems in Europe.          
D. Air pollution is a serious problem in China.
35. Which is Professor Jean Krutmann’s opinion?
  A. Such inhalers don’t mean much to people.    
  B. We should take action to control air pollution.
  C. We can depend on inhalers to solve air pollution problems.  
  D. We’d better produce more medicines to treat lung diseases.           
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Are you  English and do you need help with grammar?   36   Well, you can find help online with these top 5 free English as a Second Language websites.
1. Dave’s ESL Cafe
This is a complete website that can help you learn and practice English. In the learning center, you can read many stories and do a lot of exercises to test yourself.   37  
2. About.com 
You can get free English courses from About.com and you’ll get regular e-mails that will help you learn English. 
3.   38  
You can watch videos and listen to news stories to improve your listening and vocabulary skills. You can also hear English words and their meanings.
4. Heinle’s Newbury House Dictionary of American English
Do you need to find the definition(定义) of a word?   39   You can also find different cultural facts.
5. Personal English Portal (门户网站) on YouTube
You can watch this series of videos on YouTube to develop your listening skills. You can also do a search for “learn English” on YouTube to find other videos.here are also lots of English songs for you to listen and relax. Even you can play interesting games or chat with your friends in English on this website.   40  
A. The Classroom by Voice of America
B. This is a good way to practice English and have fun.
C. You can also post questions and answers onto the help center.
D. Use this online dictionary to find simple and clear definitions, as well as example sentences and idioms.
E. Do you want to learn new vocabulary or slang?
F. National Geographic. com
G. You are sure to learn a lot from all the five websites.

第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。Jazzy is a lovely pug(哈巴狗) who always seems to be smiling. You can’t help but   1__
when you look at Jazzy now, because you would never guess the horrible situation she was rescued from and the   42   this little dog had.
    Jazzy was taken from her   43   owners, who were immediately   44   with animal cruelty. Why? Because neighbors had   45   seeing little Jazzy moving around her back yard with two broken front legs. Her owners, who were supposed to   46   her most, did absolutely nothing about it. They had never sought any kind of   47   for poor Jazzy. Nobody knew how it   48   and it was believed that she was hit by a car, or that someone had done this to her.
      49   Jazzy’s cruel owners didn’t take her to the veterinarian(兽医), her condition went from bad to worse. Over time her front right leg   50   loosely, and her left leg was permanently bent at a sharp angle. The pain must have been astonishing. She moved around like a baby seal. She needed   51  .
    In a Los Angeles animal shelter, things got even   52  . The shelter could not provide the costly operations that could be   53   to restore Jazzy’s ability to   54   and lead a normal life, and it was impossible to find a family who would be able to   55   a dog in this condition. The difficult   56   was made to euthanize(使安乐死)sweet Jazzy.
    All   7   was lost. Then a miracle happened. A volunteer from Dogs Without Borders saw Jazzy. Jazzy was pulled out of the   58   and rescuers got busy working on a plan to ensure that Jazzy would get treatment. For months, Dogs Without Borders cared for Jazzy, while   59   enough money for her operations. Donations came in. Finally in December 2013 the money was enough and it was time to get her operations   60  ! By the spring of 2014, Jazzy had fully recovered.
41.	A. complain	B. forgive  	C. celebrate   	D. laugh		42.	A. pain	B. shock  	C. happiness   	D. responsibility		43.	A. lazy	B. original      	C. angry        	D. new		44.	A. combined	B. charged  	C. compared        	D. provided		45.	A. reported	B. imagined  	C. regretted    	D. avoided		46.	A. care for	B. depend on  	C. look for	D. talk about		47.	A. food	B. contact	C. treatment  	D. information 		48.	A. fell	B. felt  	C. improved  	D. happened		49.	A. If	B. Until    	C. Although       	D. Since		50.	A. stepped	B. stood  	C. hung   	D. waved		51.	A. instruction	B.encouragement	C. help     	D. discipline		52.	A. harder	B. worse    	C. safer    	D. clearer		53.	A. prevented	B. required  	C. released  	D. checked		54.	A. breathe	B. bark  	C. walk  	D. listen		55.	A. adopt	B. buy   	C. watch	D. catch		56.	A. promise	B. decision	C. appointment	D. experiment		57.	A. hope	B. wealth	C. medicine    	D. connection		58.	A. hospital  	B. yard   	C. shelter    	D. home		59.	A. borrowing	B. saving	C. earning     	D. raising		60.	A. corrected	B. done  	C. fed     	D. developed		第Ⅱ卷
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节  语法填空(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式,将答案填写在答题卡的相应位置。
Since people began to move from England other parts of the world  more and more people have begun to speak English    61    their first, second or foreign language. But English    62    (change) over time. The English    63    (speak) between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different    64    the English spoken today. As a matter of fact, it    65    (base) more on German than present English, Then it became less like German because    66    who ruled England spoke French. One big change in English happened when Noah Webster    67    (write) The American Dictionary of the English Language. Today the number of people who    68    (learn) English in China is increasing    69    (rapid). Will Chinese English develop    70   (it) own identity? Only time will tell.
第四部分  写作  (共两节  满分35分)
第一节  短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下面划一横线,并在该次下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限—词。
2.只允许修改10处错误,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Thursday 15th June,1944
Dear Kitty
I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long which I've grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flower could never have kept me spellbind. That changed since I came here.
 …For example, one evening when it was so warm, I stayed awake in purpose until half past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon by myself. But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare to open a window. Another time five months before, I happened to be upstairs at dusk when the window was open. I didn’t go downstairs until the window had to be shut, The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entire in their power, it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face…
…Sadly… I am only able to look at the nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dust windows It’s no pleasure look through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.
Yours,
Anne


第二节:书面表达(满分25分)
假如你是李华,得知本校暑期夏令营招募志愿者服务一英国学生代表团(delegation)。你决定参加,现需要写一封英语自荐信。
要点包括:1.你个人的情况;
2.当志愿者的目的。
注意:1. 词数100左右;
      2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;但不计入总数。it may concern,
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



阅读理解 A)CBDD   B)CA AB    C) BDDB    D)DCA  七选五FAGDE
完形填空 DABBA     ACDDC   CBBCA     BACDB


61.as		62.has changed	63.spoken		64.from		65.was based
66.those		67.wrote			68.are learning	69.rapidly	70.its
改错
1.which改为that2.flower改为flowers 3.spellbind改为spellbound4.That后加has
5.in purpose改为on purpose6.before改为ago
7.entire改为entirely8.the nature删去the
9.dust改为dusty10.look改为looking

To whom it may concern,
I’m writing the letter to apply for the position as a volunteer to serve the British delegation this summer vacation.
I believe I am suitable for the job for the following reasons. My favorite subjects are English and history, so I won’t have any difficulty communicating with the delegates. Besides, I consider it a precious opportunity to improve my social skills and learn about the world. Meanwhile, through my service, I hope that the delegates will learn more about Chinese culture.
With all these taken into consideration, I believe I’m the right one for the job. I would really be honored and thankful, if I can have this work. I’m looking forward to your reply.














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