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山东省泰安市2017届高三第一轮复习质量检测(一模)英语试卷

资料类别: 英语/试题

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所属地区: 山东

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高三第一轮复习质量检测
英语试题
 2017.3
本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。第I卷1至10页。第II卷11至12页。考试结束后,将本试卷和答案卡一并交回。

第I卷(共100分)
注意事项:
    1.答第I卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号、考试科目涂写在答题卡上。
    2.每小题选出答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试卷上。
第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)
    做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。   
第一节(共5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1.Where probably are the speakers?
A.At a harvest festival.    	B.At a country hotel.    C.At a wine factory.
2.Who volunteered to give help?
A.Kate.    				B.Alex.    			C.The woman.
3.What is Maggie’s greatest talent?
A.Solving problems.    		B.Hiring good staff
C.Discovering new talent.  
4.What does the woman want to know about the typewriter?
A.The brand.    		B.The price.    	C.The condition.
5.What does the man probably want to do?
A.Make a phone call.    B.Have a meal.    	C.Book a room.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
    听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答第6和第7两个小题。
6.What do we know about the woman’s professor?
A.He wants to change the world.    B.He works very hard.
C.He teaches biology.
7.What is the professor’s attitude towards genetic engineering?    
A.Concerned.    			B.Optimistic.    		C.Excited.
听下面一段对话,回答第8和第9两个小题。
8.Why does the man make the call?
A.To apologize.    B.To make complaints.
C.To teach the woman a lesson.
9.Why did the man shout at the woman?
A.She embarrassed him.
B.She tore up his jacket.
C.She dirtied his clothes.
听下面一段对话,回答第10至第12三个小题。
10.What does the man do most of the night?
A.Have dreams.    B.Observe stars.    C.Do research.
11.Why is the man so tired?
A.He had trouble going to sleep.
B.He took too many classes.
C.He didn’t get enough sleep.
12.What does the woman advise the man to do?
A.Sleep early.    	B.Have a treatment.  
C.Take a walk before sleep.
听下面一段对话,回答第13至第16四个小题。
13.What is the grand prize for the winner?
A.Some cash and a free trip.
B.A set of books.
C.A set of DVDs.
14.How many muscles does a cat have in each ear?
A.32.    		B.33.    			C.34.
15.Which is the largest animal on the earth?
A.A shark.    	B.An elephant.    	C.A blue whale.
16.What will the woman do?
A.Buy a wallet.	B.Have a trip.    	C.Show off her bags.
听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20四个小题。
17.How soon will people depart from Sydney Airport?
A.10 minutes later.    	B.12 minutes later.    	C.30 minutes later.
18.How much does a taxi trip to the city cost?
A.$2.50.    			B.$6.    				C.$12.
19.Where can passengers get hotel booking service?
A.At the Travelers Information Service.
B.Just outside the terminal building.    
C.At the Customs Hall.
20.What must passengers pay if they leave on the next international flight?
A.Hotel fees.    B.A departure tax.    C.Information service fee.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Aquarium Event
Sea of Light
As a child in Laguna Beach,Richard Salas often wished he could swim through the tide pools and the underwater world.
A photography class in high school gave his life new purpose,and further studies at the Brooks Institute of Photography inspired Salas to take his love for the ocean in a new direction.
Join the Santa Barbara photographer as he records the undersea beauty of California’s Channel Islands.For the last five years Salas has braved the cold waters and unpredictable currents to create a collection of portraits and seascapes.Not content to simply record the well-known life forms,Salas uses dramatic lighting to uncover a world of never-ending color and texture(纹理)that is inhabited by personalities ranging from the funny to file evil.
Copies of Richard Salas’s book Sea of Light will be for sale at Pacific Collections and there will be a book signing after the lecture.
21.According to the text,Salas________.
A.developed a love for oceans at college
B.had a gift for photography in his childhood
C.couldn’t find the direction of his life
D.recorded the undersea beauty through hard work
22.What can we know about Aquarium Event?
A.You can go there in the morning.
B.It will be free for everyone.
C.The tickets can be bought online.    
D.Nobody can get Salas’s signature.    
23.What is the advertisement about?    
A.A course of the tide pools.
B.A photographer’s lecture and book on seas.
C.A photography class in a high schoo1.
D.A journey to California’s Channel Islands.
B
At 65,most people are thinking about getting a senior citizen bus pass.But for Montana woman Ethel MacDonald,who’s now a great-grandmother,that’s when she took up tour cycling.
“I like what I like to do without having to wait for someone else to be ready,”explains the 78-year-old-great-grandmother.The appeal of biking alone on the open road,she says,is“just feeling like I’m my own boss.”
She began tour cycling in 2003,beginning with France’s Atlantic coast.Aside from trips round her native United States,she’s wheeled her way through the Netherlands,Germany,Belgium,Scandinavia and beyond.
Her companion on her Ireland trip is a pink Brompton folding bike,which she’s used on five trips around the us south.She keeps another bike with a friend for her tours of mainland Europe.This seasoned biker reckons she’s traveled at least 10,000 miles.“Usually my trips are close to 1,000 miles in three to four weeks.”MacDonald says.
She uses online travel communities Warm Showers and Couchsurfing to find a place to stay,and hosts guests herself at her home in Missoula,Montana.Warm Showers is exclusively(专门地)for touring cyclists while Couchsurfing is for any travelers wanting to meet new people or open their homes to others.By August 2016,MacDonald estimated that she’d stayed with 165 hosts and hosted around 200 guests of her own.“It saves a pile of money,”she admits.“But far beyond that,the real value is the people you meet,the inspiration you get from each other,the memories,the connections.”
She keeps a scrapbook(剪贴簿)filled with photos and notes from all the people she’s met at home and abroad,and keeps in touch with her friends worldwide through Facebook and email.When traveling,she particularly loves the“big cultural exchange”that comes with spending each night with a new host with a different perspective on the world.
For anyone who wants to follow in her footsteps.her advice is simple.“Just do it.”
24.What does the second paragraph mainly tell us?
A.The history of her tour cycling.
B.The reason for her taking up tour cycling.
C.The range of her tour cycling.
D.The equipment for her tour cycling.
25.What nationality is Ethel MacDonald?
A.Belgium.    B.France.    	C.America.  	D.Germany.
26.Which of the following can replace the underlined word“seasoned”in Paragraph 4?
A.Healthy.    	B.Wealthy.    C.Retired.  	D.Experienced.
27.How does Ethel MacDonald find a place to stay?
A.Through online travel communities.    	B.By keeping a scrapbook.
C.Through Facebook and email.			D.By writing a letter.
C
A few years ago,Douglas Long was helping to identify some fish caught off the Pacific coast of Central America in 2010.Among the images were those of a mysterious pitch black shark.Interested,he asked the researcher to lend him the preserved specimens(样本)so that his team could study the fish in detail.
When the shark specimens arrived,the researchers immediately suspected that they had came across a new species.To prove,they turned to shark expert Victoria Vasquez for help.On December 21,2015,the team was finally able to prove that their initial guess had been correct.
According to Vasquez,the black sharks belong to the lantern shark family.Though each species has its own unique features,they all share one feature—the ability to glow in the dark.
Though there are over 40 known species of lantern sharks swimming in our oceans,they manage to keep a low profile because of their small size and tendency to stay in deep waters. Vasquez says the new species features tiny photospheres(发光点)that glow throughout its body.The black sharks have other distinguishing 1antern shark features like spines on their fins as well as a different set of teeth on each jaw.
The researchers said that once it was proved that this was a new species they had come up with two names.They settled on a name as an honor to Peter Benchley,the now dead author of the classic book and movie“Jaws.”To come with a more fun common name,Vasquez decided to consult her four young cousins.After some thought,the group that ranged from 8 to 15 suggested the fish be called“Super Ninja Shark.”The researchers named it Ninja! It was the perfect name for the fish whose uniform black skin and fine photospheres make it nearly invisible in the deep dark oceans.
28.Who proved the black shark a new species?
A.Douglas Long.    	B.The researchers.
C.Victoria Vasquez.		D.Peter Benchley.
29.According to the text,black sharks____________.
A.are of large size
B.can glow all over the body
C.tend to stay in shallow waters
D.have a similar set of teeth on each jaw
30.Why did the researchers name the new species Ninja?
A.To honor Peter Benchley.
B.To please the young people.
C.To protect the sea species.
D.To show its invisible feature perfectly.
31.What can be a suitable title for the text?
A.A new species of lantern sharks.
B.The unique ability of sharks.
C.Mysterious underwater sharks.
D.New names for a black shark.
D
According to a report by the United Nations,54 percent of the world’s population lives in urban areas and it predicts that by 2050,this figure will have increased to around 70 percent.But as more and more people migrate from the countryside to the city to get better opportunities,they can end up with nowhere to live.
This is true in places such as Rio de Janeiro,where migrants can’t rent or buy a home,and they end up building their own communities and houses on unoccupied land.These are called shanty towns—poor communities where the houses are built out of cheap materials—and often don’t have any electricity or water supply.
These are,of course,not the megacities(大城市)of the future we want to see.Some serious urban planning is needed to make our cities of the future good,safe and modern places to live in.This involves improving the infrastructure(基础设施),the housing conditions and also the opportunities for education and employment.
Something urban planners are looking at now is the creation of“smart cities”.According to John Rossant,founder and chairman of the non-profit organization New Cities Foundation,technology is the way forward.He thinks that it's generally accepted that“cloud computing,    ubiquitous internet,robust 5G networks etc,will transform our cities.”He says technology is    really“a game changer”,in urbanisation.It would collect large amounts of data about how a city is performing and may improve how a city functions.
    This may sound like a utopian(乌托邦似的)view.For now,some big cities around the  world are trying out more low—tech schemes to try and make them desirable places to live  and work in.Building shared—ownership housing and improving public transport are some ways. And encouraging cycling and building bike lanes can keep the population healthy and cut down on smog.What would make your city a better place to live in?
32.What’s the text mainly about?
A.The city of the future.    	B.The increase of the population.
C.Urban construction.		D.The function of smart cities.
33.Why does the author mention Rio de Janeiro in Paragraph 2?
A.To show the growth of the world population.
B.To show the problems in urbanization.
C.To show poor living conditions of the city.
D.To show financial trouble of the city.    
34.What plays an important role in the creation of smart cities?    
A.Technology.    				B.Urban planning.
C.The infrastructure of the city.	D.Opportunities for education.
35.What can we know from the last paragraph?
A.High-tech plans can be easily realized.
B.Public transport is well developed in cities.
C.Shared-ownership houses make no sense.
D.Ways of low-tech are available at present.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为    多余选项。
Smog is a health concern in many areas,such as China’s capital.Beijing started the New  Year with heavy smog hanging over the city.The skies seemed darker than usual,resulting from the thick clouds mixing with smoke and air pollution.Beijing residents were forced to wear protection from the heavy smog when traveling. 36  Masks help keep them from breathing the small pieces of unhealthy particulates floating in the air.But China’s capital is not alone.Heavy smog has forced more than 60 cities to declare health alerts so far this year.
 37  The smog has led to delays of airline flights,problems involving shipping and port operations,and school closings in the north and center of the country.In early January,more than 2,000 people were forced to stay on a cruise ship for two days because of smog.
The environmentalists say the smog is coming from coal-burning factories and power stations.Both the large industrial plants and small stoves are responsible for China’s air pollution.Coal-burning power plants in both China and the United States are responsible for about 40 percent of the world’s carbon emissions. 38
In December 2016,the Chinese government released new,five-year targets for cutting its huge coal production.  39  Chinese officials are trying to restrict the use of coal in the very cold,northern parts of the country.Recently,the government announced plans to establish a new police force.Its officers will deal with environmental crimes as part of efforts to clean up the air and punish repeat polluters.The government has invested billions in clean energy.40
A.Many families have bought air cleaners.
B.The smog has resulted in many serious problems.
C.Many people wore a mask to cover their nose and mouth.
D.The plan is to reduce the coal production capacity.    
E.One way to solve smog is increasing the regulation of automobiles.
F.The investment will cut back on the need for imported oil and gas,as well as coal.
G.Studies have linked the emissions to rising temperatures in Earth’s atmosphere.  
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Though Dad looked tired and weak,his smile was as sure as ever.It was another  41 of pneumonia(肺炎).My husband and I stayed with him for the  42  but had to return to our jobs by Monday morning.Local relatives would see that Dad was home from the hospital,and they would visit him  43 ,prepare his meals and take him to his doctor appointments.But I  44 to be able to let him know that we  45 ,too,even when we weren’t with him.
Then I remembered a family  46  I started when our children were small.When leaving their grandparents’home after a visit,each child would  47  a love note in the house for them to 48 after we were gone.They hid notes somewhere.For days after our  49 ,their grandparents would  50  as they discovered these reminders of our love.
So as I  51  Dad’s rooms,I began writing notes.Some were  52  .“Dad,I put the milk in the fridge so it wouldn’t  53  .”Some expressed my love.“Dad,I hope you sleep well in your new bed.”Most notes were  54  where he would lived for several weeks until he regained  55  ,but one note I hid upstairs under his pillow.“Dad,if you have found this note,you must be feeling better.We are so  56 !”
While others cared for Dad’s daily  57  ,we,of course,would stay in touch by phone.But our notes were a  58  reminder of our love and concern for him during this recovery period.Just like his medicines improved him physically,these“  59  vitamins”(维生素)would improve his spiritual health.Several weeks later,Dad phoned and said,“I’ll tell you that I just found your  60  under my upstairs pillow!”I smiled at last.
41.A.experience    	B.attack    	C.disaster    	D.pain
42.A.weekday    		B.night    		C.weekend 		D.holiday
43.A.regularly    		B.rarely    		C.suddenly 		D.occasionally
44.A.happened    		B.dreamed    	C.agreed 		D.1onged
45.A.feared    		B.cared    		C.calmed 		D.regretted
46.A.hobby    		B.game    		C.tradition 		D.business
47.A.hide    			B.write    		C.copy 		D.1eave
48.A.recall    			B.remember    	C.enjoy  		D.find
49.A.exchange   		B.departure    	C.arrival 		D.escape
50.A.weep    			B.sigh    		C.smile 		D.scream
51.A.tidied    			B.entered    	C.designed 		D.equipped
52.A.brief    			B.serious    	C.sincere 		D.practical
53.A.spill    			B.spoil    		C.boil 			D.freeze
54.A.upstairs    		B.downstairs    C.outside 		D.indoors
55.A.sense    			B.wealth    	C.strength 		D.consciousness
56.A.glad    			B.fortunate    	C.anxious 		D.busy
57.A.exercises    		B.needs    		C.feelings 		D.sufferings
58.A.final    			B.visual    	C.smooth 		D.concrete
59.A.emotional    		B.expensive    	C.effective 		D.excellent
60.A.gift    			B.1ove    		C.note 			D.1etter
第Ⅱ卷(共50分)
注意事项:
    第II卷共2页。考生必须使用0.5毫米黑色签字笔在答题纸上各题目的指定答题区域内作答,在试卷上作答无效。
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节(共10题l每小题1.5分,满分15分)
    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
If it rains  61 (heavy)on the Seventh Night Festival,some elderly Chinese will say it is because Zhinu,or the Weaving Maid,is crying on the day she meets her husband Niulang,or the Cowherd,on the Milky Way(银河).
Most Chinese remember  62  (tell)this romantic tragedy(悲剧)when they were children on Qixi, 63  falls on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month.
The festival  64  (date)back to the Han Dynasty(206 BC-AD 220).
In this day,girls will throw a sewing needle into a bowl full of water  65  the night of Qixi as a test of embroidery(刺绣)skills.If the needle floats on top of the water instead of sinking,it proves the girl is a  66  (skill)embroider.
The love story of the Qixi Festival has been handed down for generations.And it's certain that these ancient  67  (custom)will live forever.
Even Qixi  68  (refer)to as the“Chinese Valentine’s Day”nowadays.More and more young Chinese people meet in  69  (celebrate)of this day in a very similar way as 70 in western countries.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:
    1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
    2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Dear John,
I’m so pleased to receive your email.I feel exciting to know you dream becoming a professional football player.I am looking forward to see an international football star,John.I’m surely you will succeed.
As for me,teaching was my dream job.The reason for this is why I would like to share my knowledges with my students and help them solve problems.Besides,staying with students helps to keep me young.To realize my dream,I have to devote me to my study and enter an normal university.
What will you do for your dream and who is your most favorite football player?
    Yours,
    Li Hua    
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
    假如你是红星中学高三一班李华,上周末你们班去了市儿童福利院进行献爱心活动。请根据以下内容要点,给校刊“英语角”写一篇英文稿件。
    1.活动过程:捐赠礼物、打扫卫生、互动交流(做游戏、讲故事、表演节目等);
    2.活动体会。
注意:
    1.词数100左右;
    2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
参考词汇:儿童福利院 Welfare House for Children





 














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