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甘肃省天水市、兰州市2017届高三下学期一模考试英语试卷

资料类别: 英语/试题

所属版本: 通用

所属地区: 甘肃

上传时间:2017/3/22

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资料类型:模拟/摸底/预测

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第I卷
第一部分 阅读理解共两节,满分40分
第一节共15题每小题2分,满分30分
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出最佳选项。
A
Tyler was born infected with HIV and his mother was also infectedFrom the very beginning of his life,he was dependent on medications (药物) to enable him to survive.When he was fivehe had a tube surgically(外科手术上) inserted in a vein(静脉)in his chest.This tube was connected to a pumpwhich he carried in a small backpack on his back.Medications were connected to this pump and were continuously supplied through this tube to his bloodstream. At times,he also needed supplemented oxygen to support his breathing.
Tyler wasn't willing to give up one single moment of his childhood to this deadly disease.It was not unusual to find him playing and racing around his backyard,wearing his backpack and dragging his tank of oxygen behind him in his little wagon(小推车).All of us who knew Tyler were amazed at his pure joy in being alive and the energy it gave him.Tyler's mom often made jokes on him by telling him that he moved so fast she needed to dress him in red. That way,when she peered through the window to check on him playing in the yard,she could quickly spot him.
This terrible disease eventually wore him down.He grew quite ill and,unfortunately,so did his HIV-infected mother.When it became clear that he wasn't going to survive,Tyler's mom talked to him about death.She comforted him by telling Tyler that she was dying too,and that she would be with him soon in heaven.
A few days before his death,Tyler beckoned(召唤) me over to his hospital bed and whispered"I might die soon. I'm not scared.When I die,please dress me in red.Mom promised she's coming to heaven,too.I'll be playing when she gets there,and I want to make sure she can find me."
1.Why did Tyler wear a backpack on his back when he was young?
  A.Because his mother gave it to him as a gift.
  B.Because he had no right to choose but to wear it.
  C.Because he wanted to be different from the other kids.
  D.Because there was a pump in it,which could help with his disease.
2.Tyler asked the writer to dress him in red when he died in order to        .
  A.show red is his favorite color.				B.see the writer again in the hospital.
  C.make his mother recognize him easily.		D.persuade his mother to keep her promise.
3.What’s Tyler’s attitude towards death?
  A.Excited.  		B.Fearful.  		C.Doubtful.  		D.Optimistic.
4.What does the writer want to tell us by writing this passage?
  A.Even a child can teach us a lot.
  B.Patients should be treated with respect.
  C.People should have great courage to face the problems.
  D.We should try our best to help those who are infected with HIV.
B
We can achieve knowledge either actively or passively.We achieve it actively by direct experience,by testing and proving an idea,or by reasoning.
We achieve knowledge passively by being told by someone else.Most of the learning that takes place in the classroom and the kind that happens when we watch TV or read newspapers or magazines is passive.Conditioned as we are to passive learning,it’s not surprising that we depend on it in our everyday communication with friends and co–workers.
Unfortunately,passive learning has a serious problem.It makes us tend to accept what we are told even when it is little more than hearsay(传闻)and rumor.
Did you ever play the game Rumor? It begins when one person writes down a message but doesn’t show it to anyoneThen the person whispers it,word for word,to another person.That person,in turn,whispers it to still another, and so on,through all the people playing the game.The last person writes down the message word for word as he or she hears it.Then the two written statements are compared.Typically,the original message has changed.
That’s what happens in daily life.The simple fact that people repeat a story in their own words changes the story. Then,too,most people listen imperfectly.And many enjoy adding their own creative touch to a story,trying to improve on it,stamping it with their own personal style.Yet those who hear it think they know.
This process is also found among scholars and authors: A statement of opinion by one writer may be restated as fact by another,who may in turn be quoted by yet another; and this process may continue,unless it occurs to someone to question the facts on which the original writer based his opinion or to challenge the interpretation he placed upon those facts.
5.According to the passage,active learning may occur in       .
  A.reading scientific journals     	B.listening to the teacher in class
  C.doing a chemical experiment   	D.watching news programmes on TV
6.What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 2 refer to?
  A.classroom   		B.newspapers   		C.active learning   	D.passive learning
7.The game Rumor is mentioned in Paragraph 4 in order to tell readers that      .
  A.playing games can make people more active			B.people tend to like telling lies when playing games
  C.a message may be changed when being passed on		D.people may have problems with their sense of hearing 
8.What can be inferred from the text?
  A.Scholars and authors can’t be trusted.			B.Passive learning may not be reliable.
  C.People like spreading rumors in daily life.		D.Active learning is more Important than passive learning.
C
Four great railway journeys
	Travelling by rail holds a romantic and old-fashioned appeal that can’t be matched by flying or driving.By taking the slow route,you get to experience and interact with an area in a completely different way.
The Rocky Mountaineer
Where: Canada,from Vancouver to Banff,Jasper and Calgary.
When: In June,which is springtime in the Rockies,complete with blooming flowers and abundant wildlife.
Duration: between two and eight days,travelling only in daylight,staying in luxury hotels.
Highlights: Splendid views of Rocky mountains,incredible luxury at every stage of the  trip,traditional native storytelling,wine classes and natural history workshop.
The Chepe
Where: Mexico.It begins its journey in the mountains of Chihuahua and finishes on the Sinaloa coast.
When: In the rainy season,from June to October,you’ll get lush vegetation(丰富的植被) and blooming cacti(仙人掌)although mid-summer (July) temperatures can reach 44 °C.
Duration: Doing the route straight through takes 14 hours,but you’ll want to stop off overnight and explore traditional towns along the way.
Highlights: The train winds its way down through 656 km of the spectacular Copper Canyon (which is deeper than the Grand Canyon),over 37 precarious-looking bridges and through 86 tunnels.Local people sell crafts and foods along the route.
The Ghan
Where: Australia,from Adelaide to Darwin via Alice Springs.
When: Going during the wet season (December,January) will allow you to see more wildlife and tropical splendour in the north,though peak season is usually the winter.
Duration: Going straight through takes 52 hours.There are disembarkation points(登陆点)from which you can take tours.
Highlights: Going through Australia’s Red Centre with cobalt-blue skiesred earth and not much else – a beautiful and serene(宁静的)experience.
The Royal Scotsman
Where: Travels around the Scottish Highlands or all the way around Great Britain.
When: Warmer weather and up to 20 hours of daylight in June makes it the perfect time to watch ospreys soaring (鱼鹰飞翔)over mirror-like lochs(湖)or go in October for autumn colours and the rather vocal stag-rutting season.
Duration: Trips can be as short as two days or as long as seven.Highlights: Possibly the most expensive train journey in the world.You’ll be treated like a member of the monarchy(皇室)Indulgent(放纵的)cuisinefine wines and carriages that look like rooms at Balmoral Castle await those willing to part with a minimum of £2350 per person for a two-night trip.
9.Which one of the following journey has the shortest duration? 
  A.The Chepe.            		B.The Ghan.
  C.The Rocky mountaineer. 		D.The Royal scotsman.
10.Visitors may have the opportunity to try some wine in        .
  A.The Royal scotsman and The Chepe		B.The Royal scotsman and The Ghan 
  C.The Rocky mountaineer and The Chepe		D.The Rocky mountaineer and The Royal Scotsman
11.If a Chinese family wants to have a travel during the Spring Festival,which one would be suitable for them?
  A.The Chepe.		B.The Ghan.			C.The Rocky mountaineer. 		D.The Royal scotsman.
D
Most episodes of absent-minded-forgetting where you left something or wondering why you just entered a room-are caused by a simple lack of attention,says Schacter.“You’re supposed to remember something,but you haven’t encoded it deeply.”
Encoding,Schacter explains,is a special way of paying attention to an event that has a major impact on recalling it later.Failure to encode properly can create annoying situation.If you put your mobile phone in a pocket,for example,and don’t pay attention to what you did because you’re involved in a conversation,you’ll probably forget that the phone is in the jacket now hanging in your wardrobe(衣柜)“Your memory itself isn’t failing you,” says Schacter,“Rather,you didn’t give your memory system the information it needed.”
Lack of interest can also lead to absent-mindedness.“A man who recite sports statistics from 30 years ago,”says Zelinski,“may not remember to drop a letter in the mailbox.”Women have slightly better memories than men, possibly because they are more interested in what’s happening around them,and memory relies on just that.
Visual cues(提示)can help prevent absent-mindednesssays Schacter.“But be sure the cue is clear and available,”he cautions.If you want to remember to take a medication with lunch,put the bill bottle on the kitchen table-don’t leave it in the medicine chest and write yourself a note that you keep in a pocket.
Another common episode of absent-mindedness:walking into a room and wondering why you’re there.Most likely,you were thinking about something else.“Everyone does this from time to time,” says Zelinski.The best thing to do is to return to where you were before entering the room,and you’ll likely remember.
12.What does the underlined word “episode” in Paragraph 1 probably mean?
  A.Experiences.     	B.Experiments.		C.Expressions.       	D.Feelings.
13.According to the passage,women have better memories than men probably because       .
  A.they have a wider range of interests 
  B.they always put things where they were
  C.they pay more attention to their environment 
  D.they prefer to write notes to tell them what they should do
14.What can help prevent absent-mindedness according to Schacter?
  A.Writing notes.            		B.Taking some medicine.
  C.Putting something in sight.  		D.Returning to where you were.
15.What is the best title for the text?
  A.A Way of Recalling.           	B.The Importance of Encoding.
  C.Cures for Absent-mindedness.   	D.Causes of Absent-mindedness.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
What makes people successful? Take a look around and talk to your friends and seniors who are very successfulyou will see all of them have adopted certain values which have proved important for their success.
It is evident that successful people take initiative(主动性)When they find something needs to be done,they never hesitate to do it.   16   .they weigh immediately what has to be done and then do it with pleasure thus strengthening their reputation.
Successful people do things with great enthusiasm,especially when they believe in what they are doing.They are motivated by their own satisfaction and the joy they get from doing their work.   17   .
They do not fear failure.Failures and disappointments in life are unavoidable.   18   .Successful people pick themselves up after a fall and try again with more determination and commitment and learn from each failure.They associate with those they can learn from and enjoy the company of those appreciating their achievement.
Having good IQ often gets a person what he wants but it’s really the EQ that keeps him there and helps him enjoy a high reputation.    19   .By giving respect to others,they command respect for themselves.
    20  .It’s better to praise others and win favor with them.So instead of complaining about a situation, successful people always try to solve it.
A.Successful people never complain
B.Successful person don’t make excuses.
C.They work hard even when no one is watching
D.They believe that responsibility is taken,not given
E.it’s failure that teaches us much more than success
F.It’s hard to be successful if you don’t trust the people around you
G.Successful people are polite to everyone and treat others with respect
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45 分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5 分,满分30分) 
    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
When your child is supposed to be doing homeworkare they chatting with their friends on Facebook or playing games?Many studies have shown that multitasking doesn’t 21 , 22 your child is probably proudly claiming they can do ten things 23 ! Many people believe that they can 24 two or more tasks at the same time,but Dr.Edward Hallowell says this is 25 .The reality is that multitasking 26 poor job performance.
New hand-held 27 such as smartphones,iPads,games and social networking sites make it very easy to multitask and “attention 28 ” leading to difficulty focusing on the task 29 ,such as listening in the classroom or doing homework.“ 30 ,the brain actually 31 kids for multitasking even though When your child is supposed to doing homework performance on every task gets worse and worse.Kids don't know that they are doing 32 because they feel better when they multitask,”says Dr Edward Hallowell.
 33 the appearance of hand-held devices and social networking sites,teachers have noticed a difference in 34 performance,critical thinking skills and how information is 35 .“Multitasking prevents people from gaining a deep understanding of the information they are trying to learn,”says Dr Edward Hallowell.Kids have a difficult time sticking with a ”difficult to understand" topic and 36 to allow themselves to be distracted(分散的)to tune out and switch 37 to Facebook or using their cell phones 38 working harder at understanding a difficult subject or problem.In the long 39 ,multitasking affects grades.One study showed that kids that use the Internet while in class did 40 on tests resulting in lower grades.
21.A.play      		B.understand           	C.use              	D.work
22.A.only if     		B.even though         	C.so that            	D.no wonder
23.A.at once    		B.right away           	C.in no time          	D.at random
24.A.advocate   		B.deal                	C.perform           	D.prefer
25.A.impossible   	B.important          		C.impatient          	D.impolite
26.A.results in   		B.results from         	C.exists in        	D.exists from
27.A.designs     		B.discoveries         		C.equipment       	D.evidence
28.A.attract     		B.draw               	C.pay             	D.share
29.A.at hand     		B.on time            		C.on schedule      	D.at times
30.A.Uncertainly		B.Unfortunately        	C.Universally       	D.Undoubtedly
31.A.remains    		B.rewards             	C.regards           	D.reflects
32.A.better      		B.well                	C.bad              	D.worse
33.A.Since      		B.Before              	C.When             	D.While
34.A.accidental  	 	B.accurate            	C.accessible          	D.academic
35.A.produced   		B.processed           	C.possessed        	D.promoted
36.A.tend       		B.attend              	C.intend           	D.pretend
37.A.out        		B.on                 	C.off             	D.over
38.A.except for  	 	B.rather than          	C.more than         	D.apart from
39.A.run        		B.walk               	C.journey            	D.distance
40.A.hardly      		B.successfully         	C.poorly            	D.mildly
第Ⅱ卷
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Mandarin(普通话)Chinese is the most 41 (use) non-European language for children to learnUK parents believe. It will boost (促进) their children’s career prospects (前景)according to 51% of parents,while 56% felt it would open their children’s minds 42 an “exciting and dynamic” culture.Arabic and Japanese,43 were both picked by 14% of parents,were the other key non-European languages.The figures were gained after 1,138 UK adults with children aged under 18 44 (be) questioned in a survey 45 (conduct) by the Mandarin Excellence Programme (MEP).
French,Spanish and German were the top choices overall for young people in the UK 46 (learn) after being picked by 57%,54% and 40% of parents respectively.
Mark Herbet,of the British Council,said: “With the global economy 47 (become) more interconnected and the drive to boost exports,language skills are increasingly important for work and life.Mandarin Chinese is one of the 48 (language) that matter most to the UK’s future prosperity (繁荣)If the UK is to remain competitive on the world stage,we need far more of our young people leaving school with a good grasp of Mandarin in order to 49 (success) work abroad or for businesses here in the UK.Learning Mandarin is also a fascinating process that brings50 valuable understanding of Chinese culture.”
The MEP aims to help at least 5,000 young people in England to speak fluent Mandarin Chinese by 2020.
第三部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,下文就是你同桌的一篇作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 
注意:1每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
       2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Now I’d like to share with you a strange experience I had a month before.It may sound funny,and it’s true.After a day’s hard work I went to bed early than usual.It was about two o’clock in the morning,and suddenly I woke up.I heard a noise.I got out of bed and went slow downstairs.I listened carefully.I could heard two men speaking quietly.I believed two thieves had broken into my house and I was really frightened,so I went back to upstairs,and immediately phone the police from my bedroom.The police arrived quickly.They opened front door with a special key and went into the living room.You can imagine what embarrassed I was when they came upstairs and told me we had turned the television off for me and everything was all right.
第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分)
	假定你是李华,最近收到了你的英国朋友Jacob的来信,得知他已经考上了一所名牌大学。请你写信向他表示祝贺,并就你在大学专业选择上遇到的困惑征求他的意见。信的内容包括:
1.向 Jacob 表示祝贺;
2.谈谈你在大学专业选择上的困惑;
3.向对方征求意见和建议。 
注意:1.词数 100 左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 








甘肃省天水市、兰州市2017届高三下学期一模考试
英语试题答案
第I卷
第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节共15小题每小题2分,满分30分
1-4DCDC    	5-8CDCB    	9-11ADB    		12-15ACCD
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
16-20DCEGA
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 
21-25DBACA  26-30ACDAB  	31-35BDADB  	36-40ADBAC
第Ⅱ卷
第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45 分)
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
41useful    	42.to      		43.which       	44.were       	45.conducted 
46.to learn   	47.becoming    	48.languages    	49.successfully  	50.a 
第三部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
















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