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江苏省扬州中学2016-2017学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

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江苏省扬州中学高二年级期中考试
                  英 语 试 题          2017.4
(考试用时:120分钟     满分:120分) 
第I卷(共 85 分)
第一部分:听力理解(共两节,20小题,每题1分,满分20分)
第一节 听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
Why does the man come to England?
To attend university.    B. To go on a tour.  C. To have a meeting.
 What does the woman imply?
  A.Mrs. Brown was unhappy this morning.
  B. Mrs. Brown is a patient teacher.
  C. Susan might have been scolded by Mrs. Brown.
What did the man do in his vacation?
   A.He stayed at home.  B. He took some courses.  C. He did a part-time job.
On which day will the speakers go for the field trip?
   A.Tuesday.     B.Wednesday.   C.Friday.
Where did Mr. Smith get his schooling?
   A. In Scotland.    B. In Wales.  C. In Ireland.
第二节 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
What's the woman doing?
Giving suggestions.   B. Making comments.   C. Asking for information.
What's the woman probably going to do?
   A.Give a performance.  B. Go to the Chinese Opera.  C. Study traditional music.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
What needs mending?
A. A bike.     B. A TV.    C. A computer.
When will a technician come to help?
   A. 3:00 p.m. on November 20th.       B. 2:00 p.m. on November 23rd.
   C. 10:00 a.m. on December 8th.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
What will Joe probably do during the Thanksgiving holiday?
Go to a play.        B. Stay at home.     C. Visit Kingston.
What is Ariel going to do in Toronto?
    A.See a car show.  B. Meet her aunt.     C. Attend a party.
What is the possible relationship between Ariel and Daniel?
    A.Fellow workers.    B. Mother and son.  C. Guide and tourist.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
What did the man lose?
A phone.       B. A camera.     C. A pad.
Which of the following is NOT needed for the Lost Property Form?
   A.Nationality.     B.Address.      C.Phone number.
Where does Mark Adams live in now?
   A.Britain.       B. France.       C. The U.S.
What will Mark Adams do the day after tomorrow?
   A. Come to the office again.   B. Wait for the phone call.
   C. Write to the office.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
Above what percentage of class choosing 6 points will lead to no extra points?
A.5%.         B.10%.    C.20%.
How many classes have successfully mastered the challenge since 2008?
   A. Only one    B. Two.    C. Less than 10.
What did one student say to make sure everyone would get the points?
   A.If only everyone chose 2 points.    B. If only less than 10% students weren't selfish.
   C. If only most students needn't any extra points.
How does the speaker advise people to use the public resource?
   A.Try not to use.   B. Discuss in group first.   C. Limit personal use.
第二部分:英语知识综合运用(共两节,满分3分)
第一节:单项填空(共15小题,每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
21. No matter how tough a reform is, it will succeed if we have the determination to _______ the barriers of interests.A. cut down         B. break through       C. tear up       D. knock off 
22. ----Do you have any problems if you _______ this job?
----Well, I'm thinking about the salary. 
A. offer          B. will offer     C. are offered     D. will be offered 
23. _______ preparations from now on, she would be able to finish the essay on Sunday.
A. Would she make     B. If she make       C. Were she to make    D. If she had made 
24. I don't doubt _______ he has the ability to deal with the tough situation, but _______ the problem can be solved soon depends on his attitude.
A. whether; if         B. that; whether      C. if; that      D. whether; that 
25. ----1 was reading a message on my cell-phone when I noticed a car suddenly stopped just in front of me.
----That was a chancy thing to do; you _______ yourself.
 A. should injure      B. could have injured    C. should have injured    D. might injure 
26. There is a _______ among the teachers that the children should have a broad understanding about the world.
A. connection      B. consequence        C. consensus      D. commitment 
27. I know he failed his last test, but really he's _______ lazy.
A. something but        B. anything but     C. nothing but   D. not but 
28. In their class, there are 50 students in total, _______ wearing glasses.
A. half of whom     B. and half of them   C. half of them    D. and half of whom
29. When he got into the room, he found his daughter _______in her lesson, without noticing him.
A. buried      B. burying   C. to bury          D. to be buried 
30. ----How can l improve my French writing? 
----Rome was not built in a day. You should set _______ goals and study hard to achieve them.
A. alternative    B. considerable     C. subjective    D. realistic 
31. How long do you think _______ everything there returns to normal after the hurricane? 
A. it will be that      B. will it be when      C. will it be until      D. it will be before 
32. He said it was in the cafe_______ he had a coffee with his girlfriend _______ he found his lost watch.
A. where; /  B. when; what    C. that ;what    D. where; that
33. It would be better if you can leave out anything, when writing your CV, _______is thought unnecessary or misleading.
A. that     B. what    C. which   D. / 
34. Everybody as well as the two teachers who _______ to give lectures _______ asked to arrive at the lecture hall at 6:30 in the evening.
A. is; is   B.is; are  C. are; are  D. are; is 
35. ----Excuse me. Could you please tell me where Fu Xing High School is?
----_______Oh, yes! It's on the opposite side of the street, behind the Bank of China.
A. I don't know.  B. Quite right.  C. Mm, let me see.  D. Beg your pardon?
第二节:完型填空(共小题,每小题1分,满分分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
 When I was a kid, most of my friends could stay home from school due to a stomachache or a fever but not me. I had to be lying in order to   3   home. My parents used to say that they were teaching me how to have a   37   work ethic (职业道德). I didn’t see the   3   until last week.
I was on the train and sat behind a young man who was   39   to his friend about his life. His dream in life was to make movies but he wouldn’t   40   it because he had no clue if he could make enough money and he didn’t want to   41   time because it probably would take months or years to make it   42 . He then admitted to thinking about becoming a(n)   43   because he thought he could easily make six figures within one year. His   44   agreed because as he put it, “I have no   45   to work long hours and not make much money. Besides, defending cases in court is good because you can make a lot of money and only work short hours.”
Many people these days don’t   46   that when things seem to happen immediately, it is only because a lot of   47  , determination and time have   48   into it. It wasn’t due to some unbelievable   49  . Someone once told me that you may know   50   someone is an expert in his given field or not by how easy he makes it look. The   51   it looks, the more hours go into it.
There is no excuse for   52  . In the television show Fame, the dancer teacher told her students, “If you want fame, fame   53   and here’s how you start paying for it, in sweat.” Every time I watch that show, my dad would state how   54  she was because in order to   55   you have to work hard. He would go on and on about how bad it is to be lazy.
36. A. leave				B. call				C. get			D.stay 
37. A. reliable				B. good				C. different		D. new
38. A. answer				B. evidence			C. result			D. connection
39. A. explaining			B. writing		    C.complaining 	D. lying
40. A. read				B. follow				C. appreciate		D. change
41. A. share 				B. get				C. save			D. waste
42. A. important			B.big	 			C. strong			D. proper
43. A. expert				B. artist				C. editor			D. lawyer
44. A. companion			B. teacher			C. parent			D. brother
45. A. choice				B. time				C. chance        D.desire 
46. A. convey				B. ensure				C. show			D. realize
47. A. potential			B. pressure			C. effort			D. intelligence
48. A. put					B. broken	 			C.gone 			D. reached
49. A. event         		B. accident			C. story			D. speed
50. A. because				B. why				C. whether		D. when
51. A. easier				B. lighter				C. better			D. harder
52. A. sorrow				B. despair			C.laziness 		D. envy
53. A. splits				B. arises				C. works			D. costs
54. A. natural				B. right			    C.beautiful 		D. kind
55. A. succeed				B. develop			C. finish			D. rest
第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题,每小题2分, 满分30分)
阅读下面4篇短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。                      A
The best folk music albums of 2016, regularly updated with picks from culture editor Martin Chilton. The albums are listed purely in order in which they have been reviewed.
1 . Songs of Separation Collective : Songs of Separation 
Jenny Hill has brought 10 female musicians to create songs around the issues of "separation" ---emotional, political, social. Literary influences abound, including Robert Frost. Andy Bell co-produced the album. The harmonies are gorgeous and the lyrics are thought-provoking. A good start to the year for folk music.
2.Mortal Tides: Light in/Light out 
The musicians that make up Mortal Tides are still teenagers and there is unspoilt musical enthusiasm for their debut(首次推出的)album. Lead singer Noah Bevington gels well with drummer George Brignal. Jed Bevington has a nice tone to his violin playing and Fergus Quill, on bass, helps things hum along. Miriad showcases the band's harmony3.Ciaran Algar: The Final Waltz 
There are some really fine tracks on Ciaran Algar's debut solo album, especially Popcorn Behaviour and Morrisons. The fiddle player has the ability to capture a song and make it sweet. It's good to see Algar growing in musical ambition and he also plays mandolin, banjo, guitar, bouzouki and percussion---arid takes lead vocals in one of the four songs he has written. 
4.Boreas: Ahoy Hoy 
Ahoy Hoy is an enchanting musical union of Scotland and Norway, featuring Lori Watson, Britt Pernille Froholm, Irene Tillung and Rachel Newton. The driving beat of the track showcases Newton's elegant playing. There is fine instrumental playing, Gaelic singing and the sheer gaiety of Happy Set.
56. If you want to enjoy different performing styles on the same topic, you may prefer______.
A. Songs of Separation  B. Light in/Light out  C. The Final Waltz  D. Ahoy Hoy 
57. The Final Waltz is different from the others in that ______.
  A. the album features mainly one singer      B. the players are from different countries 
  C. the album includes some literary elements  D. the album shows Ciaran Algar's harmony skills 
B.
Controlling traffic is a complex and high-cost problem in many developed countries. It becomes more difficult and costly with the ever-increasing number of cars on the roads. But scientists and students at the Center for Advanced Transportation Technology, or CATT, at the University of Maryland are working to solve this problem. They are using simulation(模拟)technologies to help the government and private businesses control and react to changing trafficForbes.com says traffic congestion(阻塞)cost Americans $124 billion in 2014. It says that number could rise to $186 billion by 2030.But scientists at the CATT laboratory are trying to reduce those costs. They are developing a system that helps traffic managers, planners, emergency workers and businesses plan react better. Michael Pack is CATT director. He says, the system is important to help emergency workers, or first responders, reach an accident area faster.
"For every one minute that a lane on the freeway is blocked, the chance of another accident occurring goes up about 3%. So, if we can get a first responder out to the scene even a minute quicker and get him to clear the accident a minute quicker, that reduces overall delays and congestion significantly. 
"The CATT laboratory collects information from many sources, including roadside devices, GPS equipment and wireless phones.
About 60 students and 30 software developers observe traffic flow and manage the computer servers at all times. They also work to develop software and applications that can help traffic run more smoothly and safely. Some of them turn the information gathered into so-called "visualization". These visual representations help emergency workers better understand what is happening.
The center shares its findings with firefighters, police, transportation departments and the military. They also share information with universities and transportation companies. The technology company Google uses the data for its traffic related websites. Michael Pack says the information is then shared with anyone who wants to help traffic run more smoothly.
 ‘Not only do our tools tell you what's going on at the scene, like there's an accident and it's involving a tractor-trailer truck, they also tell you who was informed to get to the scene, how long it took them to get to the scene, when they arrived, how long they were there, what did they do on the scene.’ 
Mr. Pack says the goal is to help develop an intelligent system of road signals that will communicate with each other and with vehicles on the road.  
58.The new system will do all the following EXCEPT _____ .
A. helping to decrease the cost of controlling traffic 
B. reducing the time for emergency workers to reach accident areas 
  C. making road signals and vehicles interact with each other 
D. getting information from the technology company Google  
59.By saying "visualization" , the writer means _____.
A. emergency workers can better understand software and applications 
B. emergency workers can see what is happening on the scene 
C. the gathered information is visible to whoever wants it 
D. traffic flow is under constant observation 
60. It can be seen from the passage that _____.
A. new road signals will be installed to ensure the system works properly 
B. congestion on the freeway means more traffic accidents 
C. the system is designed mainly for emergency workers 
D. the system has already been put into use in America.
C
I love seeing Europeans line up in airports to applaud arriving refugees. But humanitarianism (人道主义) will not guide policy for long. We liberals need to argue from Europe’s self-interest: our continent has the need, the space and the ability to accept people.                    
Many European countries are gradually turning into old people’s homes. Germany, Italy, Spain and others have some of the lowest birth rates in human history. It is predicted that about one-third of their populations will be aged over 65 in 2050. Germany needs to import at least 350,000 people a year to keep its workforce stable. Suddenly, young ambitious workers are pouring into the country as if called by a genie (精灵) with a lamp. No wonder Angela Merkel, German Chancellor, has been more welcoming than David Cameron, British Prime Minister. But all over Europe, carers for old people are already in need. Norway found oil under the seabed but it would have been better off if it had discovered 50,000 nurses there instead. 
Many rightwingers think we have reached our limits. This feeling is widespread. And it’s true that Western Europe is one of the most densely populated regions on earth. Indeed, density has long been Europe’s unique selling point: with so many people of different nations closely packed together, we have always traded goods and exchanged ideas fast. That’s why the scientific revolution of the 16th and 17th centuries happened here.           $
    But we have plenty more room. Many European cities aren’t dense enough. Now east Germany, north-western Spain and gorgeous mountain villages in Italy are losing people. Lots of cities have unused industrial land. 	               
    Humans inhabit a slice of the EU’s territory. Only about 2.5 percent of the EU’s land is used for housing, estimates the European Commission. By contrast, a whopping 43 percent was used for agriculture in 2009, it says. That’s too much. We could turn more land into forest or into green landscapes where people can relax and play. Making that transition is feasible because we now use agricultural land inefficiently.                               
    Migrants often spend years locked up together in serious government-funded “migrant centers”. However, the way to learn a new country’s language, make friends and find work is to live with a local. This crisis has shown that lots of Europeans are willing to take refugees into their homes. After Iceland’s government said it could take only 50 Syrian refugees, many Icelanders came forward offering to take a far greater number into their own homes. People aren’t just sitting around waiting for government to do something.	                
    We need migrants, and we can accommodate them. If opponents just don’t like foreigners, they should say so instead of pretending to be hardheaded pragmatists (实用主义者).
61. Why is Angela Merkel willing to take in refugees according to the passage?
A. Germany has already stepped into aged society.				
B. Birth rates in Germany are the lowest in history.
C. Refugees can make up the shortage of labor in Germany.
D. She is kind and shows sympathy for homeless people.					
62. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. No other region is more densely populated than Western Europe. 
B. Density has become Europe’s most outstanding characteristic.	    
C. Large quantities of unused industrial land will turn into forest. 
D. All European cities are not crowded together in great numbers.
63. It can be inferred that _______.
A. aging problem in Germany is the worst in Europe
B. liberals always do something for the Europe’s benefit				
C. nurses are more badly needed than petrol in Europe
D. Europeans have already made intelligent use of the land
64. What is the last paragraph but one mainly about?
  A.Everyone can live with migrants to help them fit in.
  B. Migrants had better not live in migrant centers.
  C. Migrants can privately be accommodated. 
  D. Everyone has done their own part to help migrants.
D
    After turning onto your other side in the darkness for many times, you finally sigh and get out of bed. Frustrated, you flip on the kitchen light and pour yourself a generous glass of red wine, and then pull something from the medicine cabinet to help you sleep ---maybe narcotic painkillers(镇静剂)or sleeping pills. After all, you need to be up early for work. You need to get at least a couple hours of shut-eye. 
Sound familiar? Millions of Americans are right there with you. An estimated 30 percent of adults experience symptoms of insomnia(失眠)at some point, whether it's having trouble falling or staying asleep, waking up early, or not feeling well-rested after sleeping.
In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention calls insufficient sleep a public health epidemic(流行病)and for good reason. Poor sleep has been linked to a broad range of health problems, including high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, depression and even cancer. Not getting enough sleep can also put other people in danger as sleepiness increases the risk of car accidents and costly mistakes at work, especially for those working in medical or industrial fields. More than l ,500 people a year die in car accidents caused by drowsy(欲睡的)driving, and another 40,000 people are seriously injured. Dozens of studies have found poorer productivity and shorter lifespans among those who don't get the sleep they need, leading to a worse quality of life.
Sleepless nights can also mean another kind of misery; when you are tired, you are just plain moody. Too little sleep contributes to irritability and a short temper, so it's easy to snap at your spouse, your friends, your kids or even your co-workers. Over time, relationships can become worse if your insomnia isn’t managed, and you can develop serious mental health conditions, such as depression or anxiety disorder.
Taking something at night to help you fall asleep and then downing several Red Bulls during the day might seem like a logical way to combat the problem. But in fact, those substances might be making your sleeping woes worse. For example, contrary to popular belief, a nightcap doesn't help people sleep better. Alcohol can prevent you from sleeping as deeply as you need to or keep you from progressing through all the normal phases of sleep. Recovering alcoholics may also experience withdrawal symptoms that can cause insomnia and tempt(引诱)people back to use alcohol to try to get someSimilarly, narcotic painkillers, sleeping pills and other depressants can lead to dependency, making it difficult for the body to fall asleep on its own. A few drags on a marijuana joint may seem like a harmless way to relax, but as with sleeping pills, the drug can interfere with your natural sleep cycle and even cause you to wake up more frequently during the night.
After a sleepless night, it is a struggle just to stay awake and function. Some people take amphetamines or other stimulants to jump-start their days or help them concentrate. But then they struggle to wind down at night and often return to alcohol or sleeping pills to help, and these short-term solutions can quickly turn into a vicious cycle. Even though about one-third of Americans get less than seven hours of sleep each night, only about six percent of adults have a sleep disorder occurring on its own, separate from any other problem. However, many more people suffer from sleep disorders that co-occur with substance use, and each condition can continue to perpetuate the other.
If all this sounds familiar ---the roller coaster of struggling to stay awake, struggling to fall and stay asleep, and relying on substances to feel remotely normal while you're awake ---you should know that you have options available that can help. Seeking professional assistance to address unhealthy behavior and psychological patterns can help you retrain your body to get natural sleep on its own. For those healing from substance abuse(药物滥用) and mental health issues, Michael's House offers a sleep program that can help you develop healthy, regular sleep patterns again. The program can help you restore your natural rest and wake cycles, giving you back productive, enjoyable days and restful nights.
65. The first paragraph tries to convey ______.
  A. why insomnia is so common among Americans 
B. Americans are suffering a lot from lack of sleep 
C. what a typical American sleeping pattern looks like 
D. Americans have misunderstandings of sleeping issues 
66. Why is insufficient sleep called a public health epidemic?
A. It may result in serious mental disorders.   B. It is leading to a poorer quality of life.
   C. It is linked to many accidents, even deaths.  D. It can cause different kinds of health problems.
67. According to the passage, a man who is experiencing insomnia tends to ______.
A. lie on the bed awake until morning        B. work throughout the whole night 
C. turn to some medicine for help           D. go to the doctor for useful advice 
68. The underlined word "perpetuate" in the last but one paragraph means "______.
   A. take over    B. keep up    C. depend on     D. make out 
69. What is the author's attitude toward using drugs or other substances to deal with sleeping issues?
 A. Negative.   B. Doubtful   C. Favorable.      D. Neutral.
70. What can be the best title of the passage?
A. Lack of sleep and solutions to it.      B. Sleep issues and substance abuse.
C. Reasons for poor sleep.             D. Insomnia and relevant threats.
第二卷(非选择题,三部分,共5分)
第四部分:任务型阅读(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填一个单词。
Feeling extreme loneliness can increase an older person's risk of premature (过早的)death by 14 percent, according to research by John Cacioppo, professor of psychology at the University of Chicago.
Cacioppo and his colleagues' work shows that the impact of loneliness on premature death is nearly as strong as the impact of disadvantaged socioeconomic status, which they found increases the chances of dying early by 19 percent. A 2010 meta-analysis showed that loneliness has twice as much impact on early death as obesity does, he said.
The researchers looked at dramatic differences in the rate of decline in physical and mental health as people aged. Cacioppo and his colleagues have examined the role of satisfying relationships on older people to develop their resilience, the ability to feel better quickly after something unpleasant, and grow from stresses in life.
The consequences for health are dramatic, as feeling isolated or separated from others can disturb sleep, elevate blood pressure, increase morning rises in the stress hormone cortisol, change the gene expression in immune cells, increase depression and lower overall subjective well-being, Cacioppo pointed out in a talk, " Rewarding Social Connections Promote Successful Aging."
Cacioppo, one of the nation's leading experts on loneliness, said older people can avoid the consequences of loneliness by staying in touch with former co-workers, taking part in family traditions, and sharing good times with family and friends ---all of which give older adults a chance to connect with others about whom they care and who care about them.
"Retiring to Florida to live in a warmer climate among strangers isn't necessarily a good idea if it means you are disconnected from the people who mean much to you," said Cacioppo. Population changes make understanding the role of loneliness and health all the more important,he explained. "People have to think about how to protect themselves from depression, low subjective well-being and early death. "Although some people are happy to be alone, most people develop from social situations in which they provide mutual support and establish a strong bond. Evolution encourages people to work together to survive and accordingly most people enjoy companionship compared to be alone.             
It is not solitude (独处)or physical isolation itself, but rather the subjective sense of isolation that Cacioppo's work shows to be so destructive. Older people living alone are not necessarily lonely if they remain actively engaged in social and enjoy the company of those around them. Some aspects of aging, such as blindness and loss of hearing, however,place people at special risk of becoming isolated and lonely, he said.Passage outline	Supporting details		The main idea	Chances are that older people will die early if they feel extremely 76______		77______ with loneliness	Like disadvantaged socioeconomic status and obesity, loneliness can 78______ old men’s premature death.
When 79 ______ from others, one will find physical health impacted and tend to feel depressive and unhappy.		Suggestions	Keep in touch with others and take part in 80______ activities.
Choosing to live in a pleasant climate don’t necessarily make sense if the elder are disconnected from people who are 81_______ to them.
Think about how to 82______depression, low subjective well-being and early death.
Work together with others to 83______,to gain mutual support and establish a strong bond.		Conclusions	The sense of isolation, rather than solitude or physical isolation itself, isn't  to elders.
Living alone doesn't mean loneliness if older people live an 85______social life.  		

第六部分: 书面表达(满分20分)请阅读下列文字和图表,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。When was the last time you had fun with your parents? Your parents are all busy during working days; during the weekends, you may want to hang out with them but they may have to work extra hours.
This is not uncommon. In China, both of the parents have their jobs. Most of the parents try their best to offer their children comfortable circumstances, but they seldom have time to stay with their children. A recent survey done in the US found that more than half of American parents spend less than three hours having fun with their children each week.
As the Daily Mail noted: Families are spending little quality time creating bonds and precious memories together during the week because of the demands of modern life.
【写作内容】用约30个单词概述上述信息的主要内容;2. 简要分析父母陪伴孩子的时间越来越少的原因;3. 结合自己的经历谈谈父母多陪伴孩子对其孩子的影响。【写作要求】1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;3. 不必写标题。
英语答案
一、听力
1-5 CCBCB    6-10 CBABB   11-15 CABAA   16-20 ABAAC 
二、单项选择
21---25 BCCBB  	26---30 CBCAD  	31---35 DDADC
三、完型填空
36---40 DBDCB  41---45 DBDAD  46---50DCCAC  51---55 ACDBA
四、阅读理解
56—57 AA  58—60 DBB		61—64CDAC  65—70 CDCBAB
单词拼写
71.accessible 72.phenomenon 73.circumstances 74.withdrawn  75. undertaken
六、任务型阅读
76. lonely 77. Troubles/Problems	78.cause 79.	isolated/separated  80. social	
81. important/significant	 82. avoid  83.survive  84. beneficial	    85.active
七、书面表达
   Nowadays, it is not uncommon that parents spend little time accompanying their children, which may result from the demands of modern life and some other reasons.
    There are many factors accounting for this phenomenon. First, in contemporary society parents are facing more stress from living and work than before, so they have to spend most of their time making money. In addition, parents today are more easily distracted by various electronic products when keeping their children company.
    Take my own experience for example. Once upon a time, I got into trouble in my studies. It was my parents’ company and comfort that had a great effect on my regaining self-confidence. Plain and peaceful as it was, this experience left an unforgettable impression on me, which is of great significance to my growth.
    To conclude, it’s vital for parents to spend more time with their children. However busy parents are, they should afford their time to accompany their children.



录音稿
高考英语听力模拟试题(八)
Text l 
W: What is the purpose of your visit to England?
M:I’m going to attend a conference. It will be held on May 4 in Cambridge University.
Text 2 
M: Did you notice that Susan was in low spirits this morning?
W: Yes. If only Mrs. Brown had been more gentle to her students.
Text 3 
M: Where did you go during the vacation?'  
W: I just stayed home. And you? Worked part-time?;  
M: No, I took courses in a summer school. To get ahead a little, you know.
Text 4 
M: Are we leaving for our science field trip this Wednesday?
W: We are setting out this Friday morning and will be back next Tuesday. Can you mark that on your calendar?
M:Yes. I'll write that down.
Text 5 
W: Alan, I'd like to know some information about Mr. Smith.
M: OK. Mr. Smith was born in Scotland ,and educated in Wales, He has worked for the London police since the 1990s.

Text 6 
M: Is there something I can help you with, Madam?
W: Oh, yes. I'm looking for a brochure on cultural events here.
M: Is there something in particular you are interested in?
W: I'm not sure. What about traditional music? Are there any performances I could attend?
M:7I'd recommend the Chinese Opera. There's a schedule right here. The performances are held at the Cultural Center 
W:7Sounds good. It's really worth trying.
Text 7 
M: Thank you for calling Sports Center. May I help you?
W:8I bought a bike from your store last month, and I am having problems with it. I need to have it repaired.
M: What seems to be the problem?
W: Its LCD screen does not work. Nothing was on when I pushed the Start button.       'l 
M: I can send a technician out to take a look at your bike.
W: When can you send a technician?
M: I have 2:00 PM on November 23rd available. Otherwise, the next time has to be 10:00AM on December 8th.
W: 9I take November 23rd.
Text 8   
W: Hi, Joe, many people in our department are leaving for Thanksgiving. Where are you going?: 
M:10 I think I'II just stay at home. I may see some friends and watch a few movies.And I probably would go to the Ottawa Car Show. What about you,Ariel? What's your plan?  
W: I am going to do some traveling with my family.  
M: Oh, where to?
W: Toronto. And on our way, we’re going to visit my aunt Betty, in Kingston.,  
M: That's exciting. How long do you plan to stay?'  
W: Two days, 11 I have a get-together party with my college friends in Toronto. Oh,I'm afraid I've got to go now. My husband is waiting for me.And we'll have to pick up Daniel from school. Have a nice holiday.Joe!
M: Thank you, you too.
Text 9 
W: Good evening, Sir. Can I help you?
M:  13Yes, I think I left digital camera on the train from London earlier today.
W: Did you, Sir? Oh, well, in that case, we'd better fill in a Lost Property Form. Can you tell me your name?
M: Yes, it's Mark Adams.A-D-A-M-S..  
W: Let me check. Mark Adams. A-D-A-M-S.Is that right?
M: Yes. 
W: OK. Your address? You live in Britain or in the States? How long are you staying?
M:15 Oh,I've still got a few months in Britain.
W: Can you give me your address here?
M: Right. It's 18 Linden Drive, Laten Essex. Do you want the phone number?
W: Yes, I'd better have that too.
M: OK, 0809 45233.
W: Thanks.And you say it was a digital ,camera. What make and model?
M: It's a Samsung 1302.
W:Got that. Now, you say it was the London train. What time did it arrive in Edinburgh?
M: At 4:45 this afternoon.
W:OK, Sir. Today is January 23..., at 4:45 p.m. If we find it, shall we phone you or write to you?
M: Now,16 I think I'll drop in the day after tomorrow to check up.
W: Right you are, Sir. We'd do our best.
Text 10 
M: Imagine your teacher says to the class: You can each earn some extra points on your final-term exam. You get to choose whether you want 2 points or 6 points.17 But if more than 10% of the class selects 6 points, then no one gets any points. your teacher promises nobody will know your choice.
    Above is my exercise in class. I'm Dylan Selterman and teach at the University of Maryland. I give this challenge to students each semester in my social psychology course.
    This exercise is to make students consider how their actions affect others. I've been giving it to students since 2008, and  18only one class has successfully mastered the challenge. In all other classes, more than 10 percent chose 6 points. Students' temptation to reach for more points is very strong. Last semester after I announced the results, one student threw up her hands and said, 19"If only everyone chose 2 points, we all would have gotten the points!" But many students choose the seemingly selfish option.
    In a case like this, there's a public resource that people can freely use to benefit themselves. In the classroom example it's points, but in the real world the resource can be food, water, land, electricity, etc.If everyone limits their personal use, the group will get benefits. But if too many people behave selfishly, then the group eventually suffers and everyone is left with nothing as the public resource is overspent.

 













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