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甘肃省兰州九中2016-2017学年高二下学期期中考试英语试卷

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2016—2017学年第二学期期中考试
     高二   英语                  

题 号	一	二	三	四	五	总分		得 分								总分人								注意事项:
本试卷共10分,考试时间10分钟
作答时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在试卷上无效。
考试结束后,将答题卡交回,试卷自己保留。第I卷第部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项Michelle was a student at University of California, Los Angeles. She is here to tell us how she feels about the city.
What were the best things about Los Angeles?
     One of my favorite things about Los Angeles is the weather. I hate the cold and it never really gets that cold there. Plus, most of the time it’s usually sunny, which is good because I love going to the beach during the summer. There’s so much to do at the beach, but my favorite thing in L.A. was having a picnic on the sand with my friends.
What were the worst things about being there?
       I disliked having to drive everywhere to get around because the city is so spread out. Los Angeles has a lot of traffic and sometimes it takes a long time to get somewhere close by just because the streets are so crowded. Also, a lot of people complain about the pollution.
Did you have any problems there?
       Just the normal problems of living in any city, like watching out for pickpockets (扒手). Some people think Los Angeles has a lot of crime, but I think it’s as safe as any other city. Also, many people think driving is difficult because there is a lot of traffic and road rage (路怒症), but it just takes a little practice and a lot of patience.
What are the people like in Los Angeles?
       There are all types of people in Los Angeles since the city is pretty diverse. For the most part, though, most of the people are friendly, calm and relaxed. Some people say that everyone in Los Angeles is beautiful, but I think that’s just a stereotype (模式化的印象).
Would you go back to Los Angeles?
       Certainly. Los Angeles is one of my favorite cities in the world. I love the fact that it has all the nightlife and shopping of a big city, but also has access to beaches, parks, mountains and other places you can’t usually find in large cities. Between the weather and the beaches and all the fun things to do, it’s a great place to be.
1. We can learn from the text that Michelle _____.
A. hates the heavy traffic in Los Angeles
B. dislikes the cold weather in Los Angeles
C. thinks Los Angeles is small and crowded
D. enjoys driving everywhere in Los Angeles
2. What’s Michelle’s impression of the people in Los Angeles?
A. They get angry easily.             B. All sorts of people live there.
C. They are patient and amusing.       D. Everyone is kind and beautiful.
3. How does Michelle find Los Angeles?
A. Safe but noisy.              B. Relaxing but busy.
C. Polluted and dangerous.       D. Diverse and interesting.
B
Now, we know that if we do not get enough vitamins, we are at risk of developing a number of diseases. As a result, vitamin supplements(补品),though expensive, are popular with people who worry that they are not getting enough vitamins from the foods they eat. But contrary to what many people think, medical experts have found little evidence that most supplements do anything to improve health or protect against disease. $
In fact, medical experts warn that taking too many of some vitamins can be harmful. For example, too much vitamin E can cause bleeding. People should discuss what vitamins they take with their doctors, as some vitamins can produce harmful side effects when mixed with medicines.
Experts, however, say that sometimes vitamins can help prevent disease. People who know they lack a particular vitamin should take vitamin supplements. Some older adults, for example, may not have enough vitamin B-twelve. This is because, as people get older, their body loses its ability to take it from foods. Also, people who spend much time inside may need some extra vitamin D as the skin makes this vitamin from sunlight.
Different vitamins are found in different foods. Vitamin A is found in fish liver oil. It also is in the yellow part of eggs. Sweet potatoes, carrots and other darkly colored fruits and vegetables contain substances that the body can change into vitamin A. Vitamin B-twelve is found in green leafy vegetables and other foods, like fruits. Vitamin K can be found in pork products.
In fact, for most people, a balanced diet can ensure enough of the vitamins our bodies need. So, it is important for us to eat a mixture of foods every day to ensure that we get enough vitamins our bodies need. 
4. What is probably talked about before this passage? 
A. How many vitamins a person’s body needs. 
B. How many vitamins some foods contain. 
C. The benefits that vitamins bring to our health. 
D. What people should do to stay healthy. 
5. Vitamin supplements are popular with people because ________.  
A. people mistakenly think that they are good for their health
B. they contain more vitamins than the foods people eat
C. food does not provide enough vitamins people need
D. people fear that a lack of vitamins will lead to disease
6. From the passage, we can learn that medical experts advise people _________. 
A. never to take any vitamin supplements   
B. to depend only on food for their vitamins 
C. not to take any vitamins together with medicines
D. to consult doctors before taking vitamin supplements
7. For people who lack Vitamin B-twelve, they can eat more from _______. 
A. sweet potatoes   B. green leafy vegetables   C. pork products   D. eggs

C
Dear editor,             
You can find language pollution whenever you open a newspaper or turn on your TV set, listen to a popular song at various advertisements. Language pollution exists almost everywhere and can be seen in the following places:
1. Chinese characters are written in the complex (复杂的 ) form. Although simplified(简化的) Chinese characters were accepted for use many years ago, it seems that more and more people like Chinese characters written in the complex form.
2. Many goods are produced in China but carry foreign names, which sound strange and have no meaning at all.
3. Words and expressions being used have a bad meaning. "Ba"(霸), which means bully in Chinese, is one example. Now there are a lot of goods, restaurants, even factories or firms, with "Ba" in their names.
4. There are too many incorrect grammatical expressions. Some films have strange names and incorrect grammatical structures. "Ai ni mei shang liang', which means "I love you without consulting", is grammatically incorrect and this kind of expression is now becoming popular.
Some language experts point out that language pollution must be done away with, which is an idea shared by myself and many others.         
                                                            
Fan Yongqian
8. The writer of the letter suggests that ______.
   A. something be done to make our language pure (纯正)
   B. the Chinese language not have the word "ba"
   C. everything have a good name and a good meaning
   D. everybody try their best to stop pollution
9. What the writer wants to say is that ____.
A. great difference exists between the Chinese characters written in the complex form and simplified form
   B. many people agree with the experts on language pollution in China 
   C. our newspapers, TV programs, pop songs and advertisements are getting
polluted
   D. some film writers haven't studied Chinese grammar
10. The expression "do away with" in the last paragraph means "_______".
    A. clean     B. recycle    C. get away     D. end
11. What do you guess Fan Yongqian is? He or she probably is _____.
A. a reader              B. a singer of pop songs   
C. a language expert      D. an expert of grammar
D
Have you ever heard of blogs (博客)? If you haven’t, you should. It’s here, it’s growing and it’s having an influence on our life. Surf the Internet and you’ll find blogs everywhere. A blog, shortened from “weblog”, is a public Internet journal written by one person or a group of people. It is a website in which a person or a group can place news, personal thoughts, text, photos, video or audio files, or links upon which visitors can comment. A blog lets you post on the Internet without having to know web design or be technical. You are given an environment to make dated entries on the topic of your choice which are “published”, so other people can read them.
   Authoring a blog, maintaining a blog or adding an article to an existing blog is called “blogging”. Blogging has revolutionized Internet publishing in the last several years because it gives everyone with Internet access the opportunity to become an online writer. Objects, such as “text and photos” in a blog can be called “blog posts”, “posts”, or “entries”. The person who posts these entries is called a “blogger”.
Now, somewhere around the world, a blog is created almost every 6 seconds. Because it’s great potential, Bill Gates views it as important as e-mail, BBS, and MSN. He’s trying to make blogs the important tools for future business communications.
12. A blog is            .
A. a comment	 B. an Internet journal     C. a design 	 D. a link
13. A person can do the following things in a blog EXCEPT _______.
	   A. talk to others	  B. give comments  C. read articles  D. enjoy photos
14. Who is a blogger?
A. A person who posts letters.     
B. A person who writes articles.
C. A person who posts text or photos in a blog.
D. A person who is an online publisher.
15. According to the passage, the reason why blogs are so popular is that they ____.
A. give everyone the chance to be an online writer
B. can be created by people without much knowledge of computer technology
C. enable a blogger to place news, personal thoughts, text and photos and give comments
D. all of the above
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Taking good notes is a time-saving skill that will help you to become a btter student in several ways.___16__ . Second, your notes are excellent materials to refer to when you are studying for a test. Third, note-taking offers variety to your study time and helps you to hold your interest.
You will want to take notes during classroom discussions and while reading a textbook or doing research for a report.___17__. Whenever or however you take notes, keep in mind that note-taking is a selective process.____18___.
The following methods may work best for you.
●Read the text quickly to find the main facts and ideas in it.
●Carefully read the text and watch for words that can show main points and 
supporting facts.
● Write your notes in your own words.
● ____19___.
● Note any questions or ideas you may have about what was said or written.
As you take notes, you may want to use your own shorthand(速记). When you do, be sure that you understand your symbols and that you use them all the  time.
A. Use words, not complete sentences.
B. There are three practical note-taking methods.
C. You must write your notes on separate paper.
D. Otherwise, you may not be able to read your notes later.
E. you will also want to develop your own method for taking notes.
F. That means you must first decide what is important enough to include in your notes.  
G. First, the simple act of writing something down makes it easier for you to understand and
第部分:语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项
“All great discoveries,” he said, “are made by people between the ages of 25 and 30.” Being a little over 30 myself, I wanted to  _23_  with him. Nobody wants to think that he has passed the age of making any  _24_ . The next day I went to the public library, spending several hours, and  _25_  to find the ages of famous people and their discoveries. The announcer was right!
First, I looked at some of the  _26_  discoveries. One of the earliest, the famous one that  _27  that bodies of different weights  _28_  at the same speed, was made by Galileo when he was 26. Madam Curie started her research that led to a Nobel Prize when she was 28. Einstein was 26 when he  _29_  his world-changing Theory of Relativity. Well,  _30_  of that. Yet I wondered if those “best years” were true in other  _31_ .
Then how about this in  _32_ ? Surely it needs the wisdom of  _33_  to make a good leader. Perhaps it does, but look when these people  _34_  their careers. Winston Churchill was elected to the House of Commons at the age of 26. Abraham Lincoln  _35_  the life of a country lawyer and was elected to the government at what age? Twenty-six!
But why don’t best years come after 30? After 30, I  _36_ , most people don’t want to take risks or try new ways. Then I thought of people  _37_  Shakespeare and Picasso. The  _38_  was writing wonderful  _39_  at the late age of 50,  __40_  the latter was still trying new ways of painting when he was 90!
Perhaps there is still hope for me.
21. A. announcer 	B. conductor 		C. speaker 			D. hostess
22. A. mind 			B. care 				C. attention 			D. surprise
23. A. disagree 		B. talk 				C. meet 			D. advise
24. A. chance 		B. discovery 		C. research 			D. fortune
25. A. happened 		B. wanted 			C. succeeded 	    D. managed
26. A. last 			B. scientific 		C. oldest 			 D. modern
27. A. found 		B. proved 			C. doubted 			 D. showed
28. A. disappear 		B. move 			C. drop 			 D. fall
29. A. invented 		B. improved 		C. published 		 D. made
30. A. plenty 		B. enough 			C. much 			 D. all
31. A. fields 		B. science			C. courses 			 D. ages
32. A. election 		B. politics 			C. leaders 			 D. society
33. A. age 			B. brain 		    C. living 			 D. leadership
34. A. finished 		B. won 				C. started 			 D. defeated 
35. A. led 			B. devoted 			C. began 			 D. gave up
36. A. guess 		B. know 			C. believe 			 D. agree
37. A. as 			B. to be 			C. like 				 D. about
38. A. first 			B. writer 			C. poet 				 D. former
39. A. painting 		B. idioms 			C. fiction			 D. works
40. A. when 		B. while 			C. who 				 D. after
第Ⅱ卷
第部分:语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式Last night, my dad showed me something special that I had never seen before. It was 41.______ old box which contained many silver coins. My dad has been collecting old silver coins 42.______ he was a kid. But I didn’t know 43.______ he had put all his coins he showed them to me. He said his father used to do the same. He decided to give me his collection when I was to move out to live 44._______ my own. I knew the 45._______(choose) I made was a difficult one, but I wanted to do things by myself.
My father divided his collection into two parts and told me to use46.______ only when I really got into trouble. I didn’t understand what he47.______(mean), so he
explained it to me. And I didn’t know whether I could sell them or not, so I asked my
father some other questions about them and he answered them48.________(patience) one by one. He said he only sold49.______ of his coins to help him finish his studies
many years ago. After50._______(take) out part of the coins, I thanked him and
promised that I would use them wisely.
 第部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)When I talked with the man, I found that from his childhood he develops the
habit of carrying the book in his pocket all the time. He was used to read every minute when he had anything else to do. He found a book especial useful during the periods of waiting: waiting doctors, meals ,buses and so on... That was why he found himself fifteen minute a day for reading. That was how she read twenty books a year-----one thousand of books all his lifetime.
第二节:书面表达(满分25分)假设你是Kate, 上周,你班召开了一次班会,下面是你班班会上以“中学生是否能佩带手机”为题进行讨论的情况。请你写一封信给21st Century报的编辑说明该情况,并表明你自己的观点。
注意:1、所列的要点可做参考,但不要逐句翻译;  
2、字数约100字; 3、信的开头和结尾已写好
 4、生词:辐射radiation 奢侈的luxurious 亲戚relative
比例       40%学生赞同                       60%学生不赞同

理由	   1、便于同亲友联系;               1、手机辐射对人体健康有害;
2、可以上网查资料;               2、响铃影响自己和他人学习;
3、空余时间玩玩游戏调节大脑;     3、属奢侈品;
4、存储有用信息。                 4、容易引起相互攀比。
Dear Sir, I'm writing to tell you that______________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________                                                                                                                        Best wishes. 
Yours Kate
2016-2017学年第二学期期中考试
高二 英语     答案
阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)
1—5  6—10 DBABD  11—15ABACD 16—20 GEFAD
完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
21---25 ACABD  26---30 BBDCA  31---35 ABACD 36---40 ACDDB
语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
41.  42.since  43. where   44. on   45.choice  46.them
47.meant  48. patiently  49. some   50. taking
短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
When I talked with the man, I found that from his childhood he develops the
                                                   developed
 habit of carrying the book in his pocket all the time. He was used to read every
               a                                       reading 
minute when he had anything else to do. He found a book especial useful during the
                nothing                         especially        
periods of waiting: waiting doctors, meals ,buses and so on. That was why he found
                    后加 for                             how
himself fifteen minute a day for reading. That was how she read twenty books a
            minutes.                          he
year-----one thousand of books all his lifetime.
                 删除                                
书面表达(满分25分)
略













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