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甘肃省兰州一中2018届高三8月月考英语试卷

资料类别: 英语/试题

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所属地区: 甘肃

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甘肃省兰州第一中学2018届高三8月月考试卷

                     英   语

说明:本试卷分第I卷 (选择题) 和第II卷 (非选择题) 两部分120分。第I卷
第一部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。A
 A tiger-attacking death at a Chinese zoo is under investigation by local authorities who say the victim climbed a fence into the tiger’s enclosure. The attack occurred Saturday at a resort on Dongqian Lake in eastern China’s Zhejiang province. A local government statement says the victim, identified only by his surname of Zhang, climbed a fence with a friend instead of buying tickets. The statement said Zhang’s wife and two children, as well as his friend's wife, bought tickets to enter the zoo. Zhang reportedly passed through a wire netting and eventually climbed a wall to enter the tiger enclosure, while his friend stayed back, the statement said. A tiger attacked him inside the enclosure, as visitors to the park apparently watched from a distance. Photos and video shared on social media appear to show Zhang lying on the ground as tigers circle him.
State television reported one tiger was shot dead by local police, and three others nearby were driven using firecrackers. One video posted online shows a tiger biting his body as people can be heard screaming. Zhang died later in a hospital.  The incident drew a protest from People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, or PETA, which said it reflected the problems of keeping tigers and other large cats in a zoo. “Attacks by caged big cats on people-which occur with regularity-illustrate the profound level of stress and anxiety these animals experience every day of their lives,” PETA’s vice president of international campaigns, Jason Baker, said in a statement. Two women were attacked by Siberian tigers last July when they got out of their vehicle at a Beijing safari park. One woman was killed, and the other was seriously injured.
1. What do we know about the reason why the attacked man went to the zoo without buying a ticket from the passage?
A.He wanted to save money for his wife and children.
B.He was good at climbing and wanted to show off.
C.He thought it was safe to climb a wall to enter the tiger enclosure .
D. The passage doesn’t mention it.
2. What can we learn from the passage?
①Both Zhang and his friend climbed a fence.
②Four tigers circled him but only one was shot finally.
③Another two women were also killed by tigers last July.
④The attacks occurred because the caged big cats suffered frustration and depression.
A. ①③④
B. ①②③
C. ②③④
D. ①②④
3. What does the underlined sentence imply?
A. We shouldn’t keep big cats in a zoo any more.
B. We should only keep grass-eating animal in a zoo.
C. Animals with stress and anxiety probably attack people.
D. Animals should be put in the wild rather than in a zoo.
B
The 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics is shared by three scientists, the Royal Academy of Sciences announced in Stockholm on Tuesday. The Nobel Prize in Physics 2016 was divided, with one half awarded to David J. Thouless, the other half to F. Duncan M. Haldane and J. Michael Kosterlitz “for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter(物质拓扑相变和拓扑相).” 
Haldane said he was “very surprised” at the news, adding that he was glad that their discoveries found something previously unnoticed by many, and that they revealed “more possibilities for looking for new materials.” He particularly pointed out that a lot of work was still ongoing. 
The year’s prize amount is 8 million Swedish krona(0.93 million US dollars), and will be split properly between the three winners. 
The winners are given a sum of money when they receive their prizes, in the form of a document confirming the amount awarded. The amount of prize money depends upon how much money the Nobel Foundation can award each year. The purse has increased since the 1980s, when the prize money was 880,000 SEK per prize. In 2009, the monetary award was 10 million SEK (US$1.4 million; €950,000). In June 2012, it was lowered to 8 million SEK.
If there are two winners of a particular prize, the award money is divided equally between the winners. If there are three, the awarding committee can choose to divide the money equally, or award one-half to one winner and one-quarter to each of the others. It is common for winners to donate prize money to benefit scientific, cultural, or charities.
4. How much price money does Thouless get?
A. 8 million Swedish krona.
B. 6 million Swedish krona.
C. 4 million Swedish krona.
D. 2 million Swedish krona.
5. According to the passage, Haldane thought that his work_________.      .
A. was far from ending
B. was based on many previous studies
C. had perfectly been completed
D. had surprised the whole world
6. The amount of prize money _________.    .
A. has been ever increasing since the 1980s
B. has been ever decreasing since the 1980s
C. remains 880,000 SEK each year after 2012
D. differs according to the Nobel Foundation’s affordability
7. What does the last paragraph talk about?
A. The purpose of the award money.
B. How the award money is dealt with.
C. How the laureates are selected.
D. The number of laureates per prize.

C
“Clothes Swapping” has become an increasingly popular activity for women in the United States. The women can give away unwanted clothing at a clothes swap event and get something different in return.
Recently about 300 women went to a clothes swap at a high school in Springfield, Virginia. It was the largest crowd ever for the area’s popular clothing-swapping group.
Daphne Steinberg was having a good day. “For anyone who knows Ann Taylor LOFT, Ann Taylor is a really nice women’s designer and I will totally wear this to work. So I love that, I love that I can equip myself for work, have a good time in doing it, not totally bankrupt myself.”
Sandy Van Dusen likes the idea that clothes are finding new homes instead of being thrown away. “Because it helps to keep the Earth green. There’s no point in my opinion in continuing to buy new clothes when we can reuse what’s already here. Give it a new home--- let somebody else love what you used to love and no longer love.”
Kim Pratt organized the clothing-swapping event in Springfield. She also organized a money-raising activity for the high school’s debate team. It is one of several ways that her group gives to charitable causes.Another is by donating all of the “un-swapped” clothing to shelters for victims of domestic violence.
“I started doing this four years ago, and we’ve been doing it for four years, getting bigger and bigger each time we have a swap.”
She used the social media website meetup.com to help publicize the events. The website has helped her group grow from 30 members to 1,300. Mrs.Pratt says most of the members respect the clothing swap rules. But she say competition for desirable fashion can be strong.
“We have to tell people sometimes not to hover over the new people coming in with their clothing. As they put it out, some people tend to grab the stuff right out of their hands and it becomes like a free-for-all. We try to avoid that as much as possible.”
8. At a clothes swap women can  ______ .
   A. make some money by giving away unwanted clothing
   B. buy whatever clothing they like
   C. have a social gathering and make friends
   D. exchange unwanted clothing for something different
9. We can learn from what Daphne Steinberg said that ______.
   A. she got some nice clothes at the clothes swap
   B. the clothes swap was the largest ever in the area
   C. it was the first time she had been to a clothes swap
   D. she saved much more money than she had expected
10. What is Paragraph 5 mainly about? 
   A. How Kim Pratt started the clothing-swapping event.
   B. What Kim Pratt did with the un-swapped clothes.
   C. How Kim Pratt raised money to help charitable causes.
   D. What Kim Pratt did to help people in need.
11. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that ______ .
   A. clothes swaps often go out of control in the end
   B. clothes-swapping is becoming increasingly popular with women
   C. Improper behavior at clothes swaps needs to be controlled
   D. more clothing swapping events need to be organized
D
La Tomatina, Spain
Tomato juice flows through the streets of Bunol on the last Wednesday of August as the world’s largest tomato fight happens. Festivities begin in the town square where there is a huge pole covered in soap and with a leg of ham at the top. Participants try to climb up the pole                                                                                  to get the ham as watchers throw buckets of water to them. After a gun is fired to signal the beginning of the fight, people catch the tomatoes and throw each other in the streets until the pistol sounds again, marking the end of the event.
Burning Man, Nevada
This infamous festival began in 1986 with the burning of a large figure to mark the summer solstice(夏至). It’s since grown into a week-long annual event that draws more than 48,000 people to the Black Rock Desert. It is held during the week before Labour Day. Participants set up camp in the desert to celebrate art.
Holi, India 
This spring festival is celebrated throughout the country in late February or early March. The two-day event celebrates the legend of Prahlad, who escaped unharmed from the fire of the evil Holika Dahan. People mark the event by lighting fires and throwing coloured powder on one another. Children load coloured water into toy pistols called pichkari and take aim at passersby. Holi is known as a happy celebration of the triumph of good over evil.
Songkran, Thailand
This festival marks the Thai New Year, which is celebrated in the second week of April. This is the hottest time of the year in Thailand, so it makes sense that the biggest Songkran tradition is to throw water on people. Thais of all ages join in water fights, using buckets and water guns to celebrate the event.
12. The following celebrations are related to water EXCEPT ______ .      .
A. La Tomatina          B. Holi 
C. Burning Man         D. Songkran
13. The underlined word “pichkari” is probably ______ .      .
A. a kind of gun          B. a bad man
C. fire                  D. powder
14. If you want to experience the hottest season in a country, you can choose to visit     ______ .      .
A. Spain                B. Thailand
C. India                 D. Nevada
15. The text is written mainly to ______ .      .
A. encourage people to travel
B. introduce some interesting festivals
C. introduce the world’s biggest parties
D. show the most famous performances
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Things to Remember When You’re Having a Bad Day
Even the hardest days contain lessons that will help you be a better person. Feeling down? Consider these things to remember when you’re having a bad day.
● No one promised life would be perfect. 
        16    Don’t base your happiness on meeting every expectations you set for yourself. It is good to be ambitious, but you’ll never be perfect. If you expect otherwise, your life will be filled with disappointments. 
●     17    
Trees that are slow to grow bear the best fruit. Don’t kid yourself into thinking success will come quickly. It isn’t easy to be patient, but anything worth doing requires time.    18    .  
● Without hard times, you wouldn’t appreciate the good ones. 
Strength does not come from winning. Your struggles develop your strengths. When you go through hardships and decide not to give up, that is strength.    19     . It is hard to find much to smile about when you fail, but how else would you improve yourself? If you look at failures as a part of your growing process, you’ll stay positive and follow your goals for as long as it takes. 
● It’s OK to cry sometimes. 
Do not apologize for crying. Without this feeling, we are only robots. Don’t be afraid of crying.    20      Instead, it is an acceptable way to let go of your depressed feelings. If you let those feelings build up without release, you’ll have a much harder time dealing with them later.  
A. Don’t get sad if you lose.
B. It isn’t a sign of weakness. 
C. Success doesn’t happen overnight.
D. It’s not okay to foreign now and then.
E. Don’t compare your life with others. 
F. Remember: Rome was not built in a day. 
G. If you look for perfection, you’ll never be content.
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
完形填空(每小题1.5分.满分30分)
 Because I was born in Canada, I didn’t like Chinese, the mother tongue of my 21. When I was four, my dad and mum flashed cards with Chinese characters at my 22, but I pushed them aside. My mum promised I would learn when I was 23 . But the 24 didn’t come. 
On a Chinese New Year’s Eve, my aunt spoke to me in Chinese, but all I could do was stare at her, 25, scratching my 26. “Still can’t speak Chinese?” She 27 me, “You can’t even buy a fish in Chinatown.” 
“Hey, this is Canada, not China. I’ll get some right now with or without Chinese.” I 28 and turned to my mom for 29. 
“Remember to ask for fresh fish, Xin Xian Yu,” she said, handing over a $20 bill. I repeated the words, running downstairs into the streets of Chinatown. 
I found the fish stand surrounded in a sea of customers. “I’d like to buy some fresh fish,” I 30 to the fishman. But he ignored my English words and turned to 31the next customer. The 32 of the people behind 33 with their impatience. With every second , the breath of the dragons on my back grew stronger---my blood 34 --- forcing me to cry out, “Xian Sheng Yu,please.” “Very Xian Sheng,” I repeated. The crowd erupted into laughter. My face turned red and I ran back home empty-handed, except for the $20 bill I held 35 in my pocket. 
Should I laugh or cry? They’re Chinese. I’m Chinese. I should feel right at 36. 37, I was the 38 , a disgrace(丢脸)to the language.
Sometimes, I laugh at my 39 incident , but, in the end, the joke is on me . Every laugh is a 40 lost ; every laugh is my heritage fading away. 

21. A.inventors       B. ancestors       C.contributors      D. tutors
22. A. hand          B. ears           C. arms            D. face
23. A. ready         B. happy          C.forced           D. taught
24. A. attempt        B. time           C. year            D.success
25. A. awkward      B. embarrassed     C. surprised        D. confused
26. A. uncle          B. itch           C. head            D. fish
27. A.complained to   B. laughed at      C. whispered to      D. smiled at
28. A. replied        B. cried           C. murmured        D. shouted
29. A. admission     B. permission       C. graduation       D. decision
30. A. shouted       B. screamed        C. whistled         D. sobbed
31. A. meet         B. amuse           C. ignore          D.serve
32. A.blame         B. anger           C. laugh           D. pity
33. A. escaped       B. disappeared      C. decreased       D. increased
34. A. boiling        B. bleeding         C. flying         D. cooling
35. A. softly         B. loosely          C. tightly         D.gently
36. A.service        B. risk             C. root           D. home
37. A. Instead       B. Thus            C. Hence          D. Furthermore 
38. A. mistake       B. topic            C. opera           D. joke
39 A. fish          B. dragon           C. ancestor        D. blood
40. A. attitude       B. culture           C. politeness       D. time

第节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
’s keep these things in mind.










第三部分 写作(共节,满分分)10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;   
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I often imagine how my life will be like in the future. I think my life will be of different in ten years. I will twenty-eight years older by then.I will have my own family, probably with a lovely child. I will hope I’ll work in a computer company as a program designer. I’ll enjoy my work but get along well with their colleagues. I’ll do a good job in whatever I do. In my free time, I’ll continue to take regular exercise, such as swimming,running and various ball game. On my holidays, I’ll travel around the world. In the word, my life will be more richer and more colorful. 

第节 书面表达(满分分)
GCFAB

完型填空
21-25 BDABD  26-30 CBABA   31-35 DCDAC   36-40 DADAB

语法填空
41. given  42. or  43. be found  44. serious  45. against/from 
46. treatment  47. burned/burnt  48. are     49. which  50. in

短文改错
how---what 
different---difference或者去掉of
twenty-eight之前加be
older改成old
去掉hope之前的will
work之后的but改为and
colleagues之前的their改成my
game改成games
In后面的the改成a
richer之前的more改成much或者去掉more

书面表达
Dear Alice,
I’m terribly sorry to tell you that I have lost the book you were so kind to lend me last week. I like the book very much and I read it every day and intended to finish it next month. Last night when I came to my room, it was nowhere to be found. I will get a new book for you.
Old books are like old friends. Once lost, they can never be replaced. And for this irrecoverable loss, I am to blame. I was so careless with my things. This is a warning to me to be more careful in the future. 
                                             Yours truly, 
                                                 Li Hua













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