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辽宁省六校协作体2017-2018学年高三期初考试英语试卷

资料类别: 英语/试题

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所属地区: 辽宁

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 2017--2018学年度上学期高三期初考试英语试题
 A
Kid of The Year Photo Competition
   Enter your kid’s photo today and win! We’re giving away 52 weekly $250 prizes from Readers’ Choice votes. Plus, our editors will select one entry to win our grand prize of $7,000.
   Official Contest Rules: No purchase necessary to enter or win.
   The kid of the Year Photo Contest entry period begins at 12:00 am, March 23, 2015, and ends December 21, 2015(the “Entry Period”). Entries must be received by 9:00 pm on December 21,2015(“Entry Deadline”). Entries will not be acknowledged or returned.
   SPONSOR: Meredith Corporation, 1716 Locust Street, Des Moines, Iowa.
   ENTRY: There will be two methods of entry..
   Share My Entry: Visit http:\\www.parents.com\photos\photocontest1\kidoftheyear and click the button to enter.
   Facebook Entry: Visit Facebook.com\parentsmagazine and click the Kid of 2015 tab.
   Then complete the registration form and follow the instructions to upload one album of up to six photos of your child aged three months to eight years. You may provide one description and one album title that will be applied to all photos. Photos, without any brand names or trademarks, must be taken by participants, nonprofessional, unpublished and may not have won any prize or award. Photos must be jpeg or bmp image formats and cannot be over 3 MB.
   This promotion is in no way sponsored, supported or run by, or associated with Facebook.
   You are providing your information to Parents Magazine and not to Facebook. The information you provide will only be used to run the promotion and register for parents.com.
   Photos must not contain material that infringes the rights of another, including but not limited to privacy, publicity or intellectual property rights, or that constitutes copyright infringement. Photos must not contain brand names or trademarks.
   LIMIT: One entry per household, per eligible child, per week. One weekly prize per child. For entries of more than one eligible child in the household, the entry process must be completed separately for each child. No group entries.
21. To enter the contest, photos must _________.
   A. have won some prize or award        B. contain parents’ personal information
   C. contain brand names or trademarks    
D. be taken by nonprofessional participants
22. Linda, a mother with seven-year-old twins, wants to enter the contest. She must _______.
   A. complete the entry process separately for each of her kids
   B. go to Meredith Corporation to fill out the registration forms
C. provide a description and an album title for the kid’s photos
D. provide the information to Facebook if she chooses Facebook Entry
23. We can learn from the passage that _______.
A. you should buy something first before you enter the contest
B. you should send your entry before 9:00 pm on December 21, 2015.
C. your entry will not be returned even if you don’t win the contest
D. the editors of the contest will decide who will win the 20,000 dollars in prizes
24. The purpose of the passage is _______.
A. to advertise the website Facebook.com
B. to encourage parents with children to enter a photo contest
C. to introduce two methods of entering a photo contest
D. to attract photographers’ interest in a photo contest
B
It may help you to know that there is no such thing as a perfect speech. At some point in every speech, every speaker says something that is not understood exactly as he has planned. Fortunately, such moments are usually not obvious(明显的) to the listeners. Why? Because the listeners do not know what the speaker plans to say. They hear only what the speaker does say. If you lose your place for a moment, wrongly change the order of a couple of sentences, or forget to pause at a certain point, no one will be any the wiser. When such moments occur, don't worry about them. Just continue as if nothing happened.
Even if you do make an obvious mistake during a speech, that doesn't really matter. If you have ever listened to Martin Luther King's famous speech---"I have a Dream", you may notice that he stumbles(结巴) over his words twice during the speech. Most likely, however, you don't remember. Why?  Because you were fixing your attention on his message rather than on his way of speech-making.
People care a lot about making a mistake in a speech because they regard speech-making as a kind of performance rather than as an act of communication(交流). They feel the listeners are like judges in an ice-skating competition. But, in fact, the listeners are not looking for a perfect performer. They are looking for a well-thought-out speech that expresses the speaker's ideas clearly and directly. Sometimes a mistake or two can actually increase a speaker's attractiveness by making him more human.
As you work on your speech, don't worry about being perfect. Once you free your mind of this, you will find it much easier to give your speech freely.
25. The underlined part in the first paragraph means that no one will ______.
A. be smarter than you               B. notice your mistakes
C. do better than you                 D. know what you are talking about
26. You don't remember obvious mistakes in a speech because ______.
A. your attention is on the content
B. you don't fully understand the speech
C. you don't know what the speaker plans to say
D. you find the way of speech-making more important
27. It can be inferred from the passage that ______.
A. giving a speech is like giving a performance
B. one or two mistakes in a speech may not be bad
C. the listeners should pay more attention to how a speech is made
D. the more mistakes a speaker makes, the more attractive he will be.
28. What would be the best title for the passage?
A. How to Be a Perfect Speaker            B. How to Make a Perfect Speech
C. Don't Expect a Perfect Speech           D. Don't Expect Mistakes in a Speech
C
   The Indian government may use 3D paintings as virtual speed breakers(减速带) on major highways and roads, in order to check speeding and careless driving, and finally make its deadly roads a little safer. "We are trying out 3D paintings used as virtual speed breakers to avoid unnecessary requirements of speed breakers," India's transport minister Nitin Gadkari wrote.
The optical illusions(视觉错觉) are supposed to encourage drivers to slow down automatically. Earlier, India had ordered the removal of all speed breakers from highways, which are considered to be a safety hazard for high-speed vehicles. India has the highest number of road accident deaths in the world. According to the World Health Organisation, over 200,000 people are killed by road accidents.
The use of optical illusions as speed breakers was first pioneered in the American city of Philadelphia in 2008, as part of a campaign against speeding motorists. The technique has also been tried out in China to create floating 3D crossings. In India, cities such as Ahmedabad and Chennai have already experimented with 3D zebra crossings in the last one year. In Ahmedabad for instance, a mother and her daughter, both artists, have painted 3D crosswalks in the first few months of 2016. The artists say their motto is "to increase the attention of drivers", and that the concept has been successfully tested in accident-prone zones on a highway.
However, critics argue that once drivers know that these speed breakers are visual illusions, they may ignore them. Others also point out that India's decision does not consider the safety of a large number of pedestrians. In the end, the new policy may be just one step towards improving road safety.
29. Why are 3D paintings used on main highways and roads?
To make the surroundings more beautiful.
To attract the attention of tourists.
To reduce the rate of traffic accidents.
To show the advanced technology.
30. Which of the following words is closest to the meaning of “hazard” in paragraph 2?
Reminder     B.Threat     C.Regulation     D.Theory
31. What can we learn from Paragraph 3 and 4?
Philadelphia, the U.S.A is th second place to use virtual speed breakers in the world.
The idea tested in Ahmedabad recently has been a failure.
The new policy of 3D zebra crossings must be carried out smoothly.
The use of optical illusions as speed breakers is controversial in India.
32. What do we  know about 3D zebra crossings from the passage?
They can vastly lower the death rate in India.
They have been widely used in India so far.
They are designed to increase drivers’ attention.
They are welcomed by both drivers and pedestrians.
                                  D
I used to believe courtesy was a thing of the past. Very seldom have I encountered a courteous human being in this modern era.
   Recently, I had to change my thinking, when I came face to face with just such a human being in a coffee place, with my two daughters. The place was crowded as usual and we had to climb steep stairs in order to find an empty table. After enjoying coffee and snacks, we went down the narrow stairs, where there was hardly any space for another person to either climb up or come down.
   Just as I was in the middle of the stairs, a gentleman entered the main entrance of the restaurant which was right in front of the staircase. I was sure I would be pushed roughly by this man going up. I kept coming down as fast as I could. My daughters were already down, looking up at me worriedly, hoping I would reach them before the stranger started walking up the stairs, knowing I was a nervous sort.
   Nearly reaching them, I noticed the man still standing near the door. I reached my daughters and passed the stranger at the entrance door which he kept holding open. I looked back thinking he was still at the door, deciding whether to go in or find another less crowded place. I saw him going up the stairs, two at a time. I told my daughters about it and all three of us felt bad that we did not even thank the courteous gentleman who was actually holding the door open for us ladies to pass through before going up.
   Such well mannered people are hard to find these days, when pushing is very common in our advanced but aggressive society. We applauded for his chivalry(骑士精神).
33. What did the author think of the man at the first sight of him?
   A. He was in a hurry.              B. He would wait for her.
   C. He would cross her rudely.       D. He was a man with good manners.
34. Why did the author’s daughters worry about her?
   A. She was too old to walk fast.     B. She was easy to be disturbed.
   C. She took up too much space.     D. She focused too much on the man.
35. What can we learn about the man from Paragraph 4?
   A. He might be a waiter of the café.
   B. He might have an urgent business to do.
   C. He fell in love with one of the author’s daughters.
   D. He would hold the door open for all.                                                                             
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
  Informal conversation is an important part of any business relationship. ___36____Latin Americans enjoy sharing information about their local history, art, and customs. They expect questions about their family and are sure to show pictures of their children. The French think of conversation as an art form. ___37_____For them, arguments can be interesting---and they can cover pretty much or any topic---as long as they occur in a respectful and intelligent manner.
   In the United States, business people like to discuss a wide range of topics, including opinions about work, family, hobbies, and politics. ___38____They do not share much about their thoughts, feelings, or emotions because they feel that doing so might take away from the harmonious business relationship they’re trying to build. Middle Easterners are also private about their personal lives and family matters. It is considered rude, for example, to ask a businessman from Saudi Arabia about his wife or children.
   ___39____This can get you into trouble, even in the United States, where people hold different views. Sports is typically a friendly subject in most parts of the world, although be careful not to criticize a national sport._____40____
Instead, be friendly and praise your host’s team.
You may feel free to ask your Latin American friends similar questions.
Before you start a discussion, however, make sure you understand which topics are suitable in a particular culture.
In Japan, China, and Korea, however, people are much more private.
In addition, discussing one’s salary is usually considered unsuitable.
They enjoy the value of lively discussions as well as disagreements.
As a general rule, it’s best not to talk about politics or religion with your business friends.
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Do not push yourself too hard
One Friday earlier this school year, all of a sudden it felt like I had pulled a muscle in my back. I knew I was  41  . After a few days I stopped eating, which meant I lost   42  ; the clothes bought two weeks earlier began hanging  43  . In addition, I started  44   so less that my eyelids were constantly heavy. My parents got   45  . I thought fear wasn’t going to   46  my life. Yet, I spent every minute of every day  47   how I was going to get myself out of trouble, and it made me mad.
Then I  48   to accept I was ill. I kept my job working 25 hours a week in a shop; I didn’t   49  any classes. When I was  50  , I sucked it up and kept on going.  51   it kills you, it makes you stronger, right?
But now I find myself thinking whether that’s   52   it. I’m taking the classes and writing for the newspaper because it looks  53   on college applications. And I am working 25 hours a week so that,   54   I get into my dream school, I can afford it.
Here I am, already sick from the amount of work. So, what good is a(n)   55   application if I’m dead? What is the  56  of doing this work if I can’t enjoy the results?
  57  , by writing my story I’m not only   58   that I can’t take it, but I’m telling all the people who are too concerned with the   59   to worry about now. This is my warning: Don’t   __60   the high dive if you don’t like the deep end.
41. A. tired	         B. ill 	          C. sad	          D. cold
42. A. heart	         B. chance	          C. confidence	   D. weight
43. A. loose	         B. proper	          C. regular	       D. tight
44. A. protecting      B. sleeping	       C. amusing	       D. observing
45. A. annoyed	     B. disturbed	       C. scared	       D. shocked
46. A. control	      B. lose	           C. take	          D. explore
47. A. noticing	      B. showing	       C. answering      D. wondering
48. A. refused	       B. agreed	       C. determined	   D. managed
49. A. attend	          B. choose 	       C. drop	          D. expect
50. A. leaving	      B. training          C. performing	   D. hurting
51. A. Since	         B. If	              C. Though	      D. Unless
52. A. unfair         B. honest	           C. worth	      D. equal
53. A. firm	         B. good	          C. curious	      D. serious
54. A. once	         B. though	          C. unless	          D. whether
55. A. expensive	     B. impressive        C. instructive	       D. sensitive
56. A. point   	     B. duty	          C. promise	        D. action
57. A. In case	     B. In return	       C. In fact          D. In all
58. A. regretting	     B. reporting	       C. desiring	      D. admitting
59. A. income	     B. education	       C. pressure        D. future
60. A. cross	       B. escape	      C. climb	     D. avoid

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
语篇填空和答案
When I was a child in 1970s, my ______61_____ was very poor, just like other average families in the countryside. The second-hand clothes and rain leaking roof of old house became part of my memory. However, the worst ___62_____ (impress) is that I was feeling hungry all the time. Sometimes hunger bit me so severely ___63____ I regarded dried sweet potato slices as delicious snack. At that time, my dream was getting enough to fill my empty stomach.
In the early years of 1980s, as the reform and opening-up policy__64_____(carry) out, the children dream came true. And then,___65____dream became clear and clear in my mind---I must try my best to escape out of my poor and backward hometown. I worked __66____(hard) at my study than most of my classmates, and , after luckily __67_____(succeed) in the national college entrance examination, I realized my dream again: after graduation, I became a citizen working in a city. ___68____ the first college graduate out of a remote village, my success set an example for my folks. __69_____ came to realize that schooling is a good way to change one’s fate. In the following years, there were fewer dropouts and more college graduates in my village, of __70____ I am proud even today.

第三部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
      2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Last Friday, I was standing near a subway exit, tried to call a taxi. But no luck. Then I thought of the taxi-booking app my friend has recommended and I booked a taxi through my cellphone. Soon it came, and I stepped in, feeling pretty proudly of my high-tech way and satisfied with the convenience brought by the app. So later, I was upset to find that the driver was busy looking his cellphone to get the next order. It was just then when I began to worry about my safety. What’s bad, the driver’s informations might be unreliable. How can we passengers’ legal rights be protecting if something bad happens? So be careful when you use the taxi-booking app the next time. 
 
第二节:书面表达(满分25分)
书面表达(25分)
假设你是李华,想成为英国某培训机构的一名教汉语的志愿者。请根据以下内容用英语写一封申请信。
成为志愿者能介绍中国的文化;
自己的优势;
表达自己的盼望之情。
注意:1. 数100左右;
      2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
      3.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总数。
Dear Sir or Madam,
As we know, a growing number of countries hope to know more about China.
Looking forward to your early reply.
 Yours, sincerely, 
 Li Hua 
2017-2018上学期英语BABC     29-32: C B D CCBB
36-40:CFDGA
 BDABC	46-50 ADACD   	51-55 DCBAB		56-60 ACDDC

语篇填空:61 family 62 impression  63.that  64. was carried 65. Another
66.harder  67.succeeding  68. As  69.They  70.which
改错:
Last Friday, I was standing near a subway exit, tried to call a taxi. But no luck. 
                                          trying
Then I thought of the taxi-booking app my friend has recommended and I booked a 
                                       had
taxi through my cellphone. Soon it came, and I stepped in, feeling pretty proudly of 
                                                           proud
my high-tech way and satisfied with the convenience brought by the app. So later, I 
                                                         But/ Yet
was upset to find that the driver was busy looking his cellphone to get the next order. 
                                       at
It was just then when I began to worry about my safety.  What’s bad, the driver’s 
              that                                  worse
informations might be unreliable. How can we passengers’ legal rights be protecting if 
information                                                  protected
something bad happens? So be careful when you use the taxi-booking app the next time.

Dear Sir or Madam,
As we know, a growing number of countries hope to know more about China.
As a Chinese student, I sincerely wish that I would have an opportunity to be a volunteer to introduce the excellent and traditional culture of China to British people. I’m diligent. That is, I can deal with what I meet in my daily life independently. I have a good knowledge of Chinese culture and have a gift for communicating with others. Apart from that, I am expert at oral English so that I can share my ideas with British people fluently. Finally, I’m always ready to help others in need. 
In a word, I wish to have a chance to talk more about China and make contributions to Chinese teaching in Britain. 
Looking forward to your early reply.
 Yours, sincerely, 
  Li Hua 













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