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河北省武邑中学2017-2018学年高一上学期入学考试英语试卷

资料类别: 英语/试题

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河北武邑中学2017-2018学年上学期高一开学摸底考试
英语试题
第I卷(选择题,共85分)
第一部分英语知识运用(共二节,满分45分)
第一节  单项选择 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项
1. -- Who is ________ man in a black hat?
  -- It's Jim Brown. We often play ________ basketball together in our free time.
    A. an; a            B. a; /            C. the; a           D. the; /
2. -- Are these books ________?
   -- No, they are not mine. They belong to ________.
    A. your; her        B. yours; her       C. you; hers        D. yours; she
3. -- All the workers went home yesterday ________ Mr. White. Why?
   -- Because he was on duty.
    A. except          B. besides         C. except for        D. beside
4. Now, everyone, please turn to Page ________ and look at the ________ picture.
    A. Twelve; fifth   B. Twelfth; fifth    C. Twelve; five      D. Twelfth; five
5. -- I prefer sports shows ________ soap operas. What about you?
   -- Me, too.
    A. at              B. than          C. to             D. of
6. Come on, ________ you’ll be late.
    A. and            B. but            C. or            D. so
7. I like these photos and they can ________ me ________ the life living in the countryside.
    A. think; of        B. remind; of      C. let; down      D. wake; up
8. ________ exciting news! We will have a ________ holiday after the exam.
    A. What an; two months              B. How an; two months
    C. What; two-month                  D. How; two months'
9. -- I'll go to Japan for a trip next month. 
--Great! ________
    A. Good luck!                      B. Have a good time!
    C. Best wishes!                     D. Glad to see you again!
10. Betty will ring me up when she ________ in Shanghai.
    A. arrive          B. arrives         C. arrived       D. will arrive
11. Bamboo can ________ paper.
   A. used to make   B. be used make   C. be used to make   D. be used to making
12. The doctor did what he could ________ the girl who was badly hurt in the accident.
    A. save            B. saving        C. to save        D. saves
13. -- Fifty dollars for such a blouse! You ________ be joking!
   -- I'm serous. It's made of silk.
    A. must           B. can           C. may          D. need
14. -- Why are you so tired these days?
   -- Well, I have ________ work to do.
    A. too much        B. too many      C. much too      D. many too
15. -- Do you know ________ Dunhuang with his family?
   -- Next week.
   A. when does Mr. Brown visit          B. when will Mr. Brown visit
   C. when Mr. Brown visits              D. when Mr. Brown will visit
16. The designers ________ helped us build the library are from the UK.
    A. which          B. whom         C. who          D. whose
17.- --Could you tell me         it takes to walk to the Disneyland?
   --- About 20 minutes.
   A. how far        B. how long       C. how often       D. how soon
18. ________ that they haven't known the news.
   A. It seems        B. It seemed      C. They seem      D. They seemed
19. -- Could you come and spend the weekend with us?
   -- ________. I have to prepare for my coming exam.
    A. I hope so       B. I agree        C. I'm afraid I can't    D. Good idea
20. -- If there are ________ people driving, there will he ________ air pollution.
   -- Yes, the air will be fresher and cleaner.
    A. less; less       B. less; fewer      C. fewer; fewer      D. fewer, less
二.
第一节完形填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。
Every night, even long after my childhood years, she would come to me, push my long hair out of the way and then kiss my forchead to say goodnight.
I don’t____21____when it started to dislike her hands pushing my hair that way. Finally, one night, I shouted at her. “Don’t do that ___22___--- your hands are too rought(粗糙的)!” She didn’t say anthing___23___. But never again did my mother___24___me with that familiar expression of her love. But because of my pride, I didn’t tell her I was___25___
As years passed, I missed my mother’s hands and goodnight kisses upon my___26___again and again. Sometimes the incidnet seemed very close, sometimes far away. But always____27____appeared in  my mind.
Now my mom is in her mid-seventies, still doing thins for me and my family with those two hands. Mom no longer has Dad, and on special___28___, I find myself drawn next door to ___29___the night with her. It was late on Thanksgiving Eve. As I slept in the bedroom of my youth, a____30____hand hesitantly brushed the hari from my forehead. Then a kiss, ever so ___31___, touched my brow.
In my___32___, for the thousandth time, I thought of the night I said the rude words to my mom. ___33___Mom’s hand in my hand, I told her how sorry I was for that night. But she had forgotten---and forgiven---long ago.
That night, I fell asleep with a new appreciation for my gentle mother and her ____34____hands. And the guilt(愧疚感)I had had for so long was___35___to be found.
21. A. remember    B. repeat    C. retell    D. reuse
22. A. anyhow    B. anymore    C. anytime    D. anyway
23. A. in particualr    B. in reply    C. in time    D. in addition
24. A. track    B. please    C. treat    D. trust
25. A. angry    B. anxious    C. sorry    D. terrible
26. A. hand    B. cheek    C. hair    D. forehead
27. A. she    B. they    C. he    D. it
28. A. duty    B. occasions    C. conditions    D. purpose
29. A. charge    B. take    C. cost    D. spend
30. A. friendly    B. familiar    C. similar    D. soft
31. A. rudely    B. gently    C. suddenly    D. gladly
32. A. memory    B. adulthoo    C. youth    D. childhood
33. A. Touching    B. Catching    C. Fetching    D. Stretching
34. A. worrying    B. living    C. tiring    D. loving
35. A. somewhere    B. anywhere    C. nowhere    D. everywhere
第二节阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A. B. C和D)中,选出最佳答案。
A
A rainforest is an area covered by tall trees with the total high rainfall spreading quite equally through the year and the temperature rarely dipping below 16 ℃. Rainforests have a great effect on the world environment because they can take in heat from the sun and adjust the climate. Without the forest cover, these areas would reflect more heat into the atmosphere, warming the rest of the world. Losing the rainforests may also influence wind and rainfall patterns, potentially causing certain natural disasters all over the world.
In the past hundred years, humans have begun destroying rainforests in search of three major resources(资源): land for crops, wood for paper and other products, land for raising farm animals. This action affects the environment as a whole. For example, a lot of carbon dioxide (二氧化碳) in the air comes from burning the rainforests. People obviously have a need for the resources we gain from cutting trees but we will suffer much more than we will benefit.
There are two main reasons for this. Firstly, when people cut down trees, generally they can only use the land for a year or two. Secondly, cutting large sections of rainforests may provide a good supply of wood right now, but in the long run it actually reduces the world’s wood supply.
Rainforests are often called the world’s drug store. More than 25% of the medicines we use today come from plants in rainforests. However, fewer than l% of rainforest plants have been examined for their medical value. It is extremely likely that our best chance to cure diseases lies somewhere in the world’s shrinking rainforests.
36. Rainforests can help to adjust the climate because they       .
A. reflect more heat into the atmosphere
B. reduce the effect of heat from the sun on the earth
C. bring about high rainfall throughout the world
D. rarely cause the temperature to drop lower than 16 ℃
37. What does the word “this” underlined in the third paragraph refer to?
A. Humans have begun destroying rainforests.
B. People have a strong desire for resources.
C. We will lose much more than we can gain.
D. Much carbon dioxide comes from burning rainforests.
38. What might be the best title for the text?
A. Rainforests and the Environment
B. How to Save Rainforests
C. How to Protect Nature
D. Rainforests and Medical Development
B
Here are Travelbag, we’ve seen the world---we want you t o as well. To help you on your way, we’ve put the World on Sale. The offers you see below are just a taste of the great deals we have available. To find out more, call us on 0800 804 8911 and let our experts make your perfect trip, at the perfect price. Book by: 30 Apr.
Middle East & Indian Ocean
Dubai
was £349 now £299
Includes fligths
3nts.4* Coral Oriental (B&B)
Valid(有效的):01 Sep----30 Sep	Mauritius
was £1,085 now £835
Includes flights
7nts,3+*Le Tropical (AI), Mauritius
Valid: 01 May---22 Jun
Far East
Thailand Beach (Cha Am)
was £700 now £575
Includes flights
10nts, 3* Holiday Inn Regent Beach,
Cha Am
5 FREE nts included in price
Valid: 01 Sep---31 Oct.	Malaysia, Langkawi
was £689 now £599
Includes fliglhts
7nts, 3* Mutiara Burau Bay Beach
Resort, Langkawi
Valid: 01 May---31 May.
Australiasia
New Zealand
was £1,059 now £989
Self-drive, 5-day car hire
2nts, 3* Best Western  President,
Auckland, Scenic Wonders Self-drive
Valid: 05 Apr---13 Jun	Sydney
was £1,049 now £979
Includes fligths
3nts, 3* Quality Inn Cambridge
2nts, 3* York Gardens Resort
2nts, 2 * Comfort Inn, Cessnoc
Valid: 15 Apr.----15 Jun.
Americas
Rio
was £799 now £649
includes flights
7nts, 3* Golden Tulip Continental (B&B), Rio
	Las Vagas
was £540 now £485
Includes flights
5nts, 3* Circus Circus, Las Vagas
Valid: 01 May---30 Jun.


39. The underlined words in the first offer most probably mean ______________.
A. 3 nights at 4 stars    B. 3 nights and 4 days
C. 3 or 4 places    D. $3.4
40. In which of the following places may you have to change your hotel?
A. Rio    B. Mauritius
C. Sydney    D. Malaysia, Langkawi
41. If you want to enjoy the scenery along the driving way, you can visit_________.
A. Dubai    B. Thailand Beach(Cha Am)
C. Las Vagas    D. New Zealand
42. It can be inferred from the text that ___________.
A. the ad is intended for foreign travelers
B. the offer to Rio has the longest valid time
C. the booking service will last until the end of May
D. taking planes is the only way to go to those places
43. The writer’s purpose of writing this article is to __________.
A. have more people to buy from Travelbag
B. compare travel costs in different countries
C. teach tourist how to save more money
D. inform tourists of some places of interest
A
Have you ever considered all the English expressions that include words about clothes? Let’s have a look.
People wear pants to cover the lower part of their bodies. We sometimes say that people who are nervous have ants in their pants. Sometimes, people may get caught with their pants down. They are found doing something they should not be doing. And, in every family, one person takes control. Sometimes a wife tells her husband what to do. Then we say she wears the pants in the family.
Pants usually have pockets to hold things. Money that is likely to be spent quickly can burn a hole in your pocket. Sometimes you need a belt to hold up your pants. If you have less money than usual, you may have to tighten your belt.
I always praise people who can save their money and not spend too much. I really take my hat off to them. Yet, when it comes to my own money, I spend it at the drop of a hat, which means I instantly spend it.
Boots are a heavy or strong kind of shoes. People who are too big for their boots think they are more important than they really are. I dislike such people.
My father is an important person. He runs a big company. He wears a suit and tie, and a shirt with sleeves that cover his arms. Some people who do not know him well think he is too serious and never shows his feelings openly. But I know that my father wears his heart on his sleeve.
44. Which of the following expressions can show someone is nervous?
A. Get caught with one’s pants down.					B. Have ants in one’s pants.
C. Wear the pants in the family.					D. Burn a hole in one’s pocket.
45. If we say someone has to tighten his belt, we probably mean he ___________. 
A. has done something wrong					B. used to live a rich life
C. has put on the wrong pants					D. is short of money
46. Someone who spends his money at the drop of a hat most probably ___________. 
A. doesn’t save money					B. earns much money
C. never wastes his money					D. spends more than he earns
47. We can use the expression "wear one’s heart on one’s sleeve" to describe someone who ___________. 
A. gets angry easily					B. looks very serious
C. shows his feelings openly					D. often wears a suit and tie
B
In 1943, when I was 4, my parents moved from Coeur d’Alene, Idaho, to Fairbanks, Alaska, where adventure was never very far away.
We arrived in the summer, just in time to enjoy the midnight sun. All that sunlight was fantastic for Mom’s vegetable garden. Working in the garden at midnight tended to throw her timing off, so she didn’t care much about my bedtime.
Dad was a Railway Express agent and Mom was his clerk. That left me in a mess. I usually managed to find some trouble to get into. Once I had a little fire going in the dirt basement of a hotel. I had tried to light a barrel(桶) of paint but couldn’t really get a good fire going. The smoke got pretty bad, though, and when 1 made my exit, a crowd and the police were there to greet me. The policemen took my matches and drove me home.
Mom and Dad were occupied in the garden and Dad told the police to keep me, and they did! I had a tour of the prison before Mom rescued me. I hadn’t turned 5 yet.
As I entered kindergarten, the serious cold began to set in. Would it surprise you to know that I soon left part of my tongue on a metal handrail at school?
As for Leonhard Seppala, famous as a dog sledder (驾雪橇者), I think I knew him well because I was taken for a ride with his white dog team one Sunday. At the time I didn’t realize what a superstar he was, but I do remember the ride well. I was wrapped (包裹) heavily and well sheltered from the freezing and blowing weather.
In 1950, we moved back to Coeur d’Alene, but we got one more Alaskan adventure when Leonhard invited us eight years later by paying a visit to Idaho to attend a gathering of former neighbors of Alaska.
48. What can be inferred about the author’s family?
A. His father was a cruel man. 
B. His parents didn’t love him.
C. His parents used to be very busy. 
D. His mother didn’t have any jobs.
49. What happened when the author was 4?
A. He learned to smoke. 								B. He was locked in a basement.
C. He was arrested by the police. 						D. He nearly caused a fire accident.
50. Which of the following is true?
A. Leonhard was good at driving dog sleds.
B. The author spent his whole childhood in Alaska.
C. Leonhard often visited the author’s family after 1950.
D. The author suffered a lot while taking the dog sled in Alaska.
第三节 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Stress is a normal part of life and usually comes from everyday occurrences. ___51___
♦ Try physical activity
When you are nervous, angry or upset, try releasing the pressure through exercise or physical activity. ___52___
♦ ___53___
You should make every effort to eat well and get enough rest. If you easily get angry and can’t sleep well enough, or if you’re not eating properly, it will be more likely that you will fall into stressful situations. If stress repeatedly keeps you from sleeping, you should consult a doctor.
♦ Make time for yourself
Schedule time for both work and entertainment. Don’t forget, play can be just as important to your overall well-being as work. ___54___. Go window-shopping or work on a hobby. Allow yourself at least a half hour each day to do something you enjoy.
♦ Make a list of things to do
Stress can result from disorganization and a feeling that “there’s so much to do, and not enough time”. Trying to take care of everything at once can be too much for you and as a result, you may not achieve anything. ___55___. Set out to do the most important task first.
A. If you feel stress is hard to control, seek professional help.
B. Take care of yourself
C. Running, walking, playing tennis, and working in your garden are just some of the activities you might try.
D. You need a break from your daily routine to just relax and have fun
E. Instead, make a list of everything you have to do, and then do one thing at a time.
F. Here are some ways you can deal with everyday sources of stress
G. Competing with others, whether in accomplishments, appearance, or possessions, is an avoidable source of stress
三.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Wouldn’t this be great? You come home from school and your new dog ___56___(wait)at the dor to greet you. Or, you have a bad and your new kitten jumps onto your lap for a hug. ___57___(have)a pet is a dream for many  teenagers. And finally your mum and dad have agreed. But just because you ____58____(allow)to get a pet doesn’t mean you should. Pets are not toys but friends _______59_______need our love and company. ____60____don’t get a pet if you’re not ready to devote.
四. 书面表达
假设你应邀参加学校组织的"英语学习师生座谈会",请你根据下表所提示的信息,用英语写一篇发言稿,简单介绍自己的英语学习情况,并对学校今后的英语教学提出建议。

英语学习情况	1. 英语学习的目的
	2. 英语学习的方法
	3. 课外自学的途径   
	……
对学校英语教学的建议	(请根据自己的经历与感想,提出两至三点建议)
注意:1. 对所给要点逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻译;
2. 词数100左右。开头和结尾已经写好,不计入总词数。
3. 参考词汇:interpreter口译工作者
Dear teachers and schoolmates, 
It’s a great pleasure for me to be here today and share my experience of learning English with you. 
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Thank you for listening.
参考答案
1--5DBAAC    6--10CBCBB     11-15CCAAD  16-20CBACD
21-25 ABB CC    26.-30DDBD B    31-35 BABDC
36-38BCA   39-43ACDBA  44-50BDACCDA
51-55FCBDE    56 is waiting  57. Having  58. are allowed 59. Who/that  60. So
Dear teachers and schoolmates,
It’s a great pleasure for me to be here today and share my experience of learning English with you. I’m interested in English and hope to be an interpreter in the future. Naturally, it’s very important for me to learn English well. As everybody knows, vocabulary is an important part of language. Usually I remember twenty new words a day and put them into use whenever possible. After class, I often listen to English programs. Besides, I’ve learnt a lot about other countries’ culture from the Internet.
Now, I’d like to make some suggestions. Firstly, we should be given more chances to practice using what we’ve learned. Secondly, I suggest we have more English activities, such as English contests and festivals.
Thank you for listening.













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