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山东省济南一中2017-2018学年高二10月阶段测试英语试卷

资料类别: 英语/试题

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济南一中2017年10月阶段性考试
高二英语试题
本试卷分第I和第II两卷,共10页,考试时间120分钟,满分150分。

第  卷 (共分)第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。’t benefit from his class.
B. His class is interesting.
C. He speaks too much in class.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。听第7段材料,回答第8题。he art museum.
9. What do we know about the girl?
A. She is on Tomkins Avenue now.
B. She can get into the museum for free.
C. She will take a bus to get to the museum.
10. What’s the relationship between the speakers?
A. Friends.      B. Strangers.      C. Teacher and student.
听第8段材料,回答第1至1题。café.      C. His home.
13. What do we know about the woman?
A. She’s a little shy.
B. She’s always happy.
C. She often chats with friends.
听第9段材料,回答第1至1题。’s French teacher now?
A. Mr. Bray.     B. Miss Linden.   C. Mr. Hopkins.
16. What is true about Quebec according to the man?
A. People are forced to speak French there.
B. Nobody speaks French there.
C. Many people use English there.
17. What does the man say about learning French?
A. He finds the grammar difficult.
B. He didn’t realize how hard it would be.
C. He just joined the after-school French club.
听第10段材料,回答第1至20题。’t Mary catch the school bus that morning?
A. She was sick.   
B. She got up too late.    
C. Her mother decided to drive her to school.
20. What can we learn from the talk?
A. Mary’s mother knew the way well.
B. Mary’s home was near the school.
C. Mary gave the quickest directions.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15个小题,每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A, B, C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
TALENT ON PARADE
It is time for the Smithdale Student Activity Club’s yearly talent show. In the past, the club has had performers sing, dance, and play the violin, guitar, or piano. This year the show will be called “Talent on Parade”, and we are looking for performers with great new ideas. In addition, we have planned two important changes for this year’s show.
Two Shows Instead Of One
First, “Talent on Parade” will be held on two nights. Performers in the Wednesday night show will include students in Grades K-5. Performers in the Friday night show will include students in Grades 6-12.
Smithdale High School Hall
Wednesday, May 11, 6:30 P.M.
Friday, May 13, 7:30 P.M.
No Tryouts (预选)
The second change is that this year’s performers will be chosen in a new way. No tryouts will be held. The first twenty acts to sign up for each show will be accepted. Others will be put on a waiting list in case someone has an act that is not allowed. You’ll be told by telephone or e-mail if your act is included.
If you do not wish to perform but would enjoy helping backstage with lights or sound, print “stagehand” in large letters at the top of the permission slip (同意书).
Rules For Acts
Each student chosen to perform must turn in a permission slip signed by a parent or guardian(监护人).
All performers must be at the school one hour before the show time.
Performers must provide their own transportation to and from the school.
Each act is limited to three minutes.
No act may have more than five people in it.
Performers must provide their own music (tapes, CDs, or instruments) and costumes.
Singers may sing with or without musical accompaniment, but they may not sing along with a recorded voice on a CD or tape.		21. The twenty-first act to sign up will be allowed to be performed only if _______.
A. a performer is unable to attend         B. a performance is shortened
C. the performance is original            D. the performer is approved
22. Each person performing in the talent show is required to turn in a _________.
A. telephone number                    B. musical recording 
C. costume drawing                     D. permission slip
23. When should a second grader show up at school on the show night?
A. Before 6:30 P.M.                     B. Before 5:30 P.M.
C. After 6:30 P.M.                       D. After 5:30 P.M.
24. Where is this passage most likely to be found?
A. In a city evening paper.                B. On an entertainment website
C. On a school news board.               D. On the wall of a music store.
B
Once upon a time, a daughter complained to her father that her life was unhappy and that she was tired of struggling all the time.
Her father, a chef, took her to the kitchen. He filled three pots with water and placed each on a high fire. Once the three pots began to boil, he placed potatoes, eggs and coffee beans in them. After 20 minutes, he took them out, putting the potatoes and eggs in a bowl and the coffee in a cup. Turning to his daughter, he said, “Look closer, and touch the potatoes.” She did and noted that they were soft. He then asked her to take an egg and break it. After pulling off the shell, she observed the hard-boiled egg. Finally, he asked her to taste the coffee. Its good smell brought a smile to her face.
“Father, what does this mean?” she asked. He then explained that the potatoes, the eggs and the coffee beans were in the same adversity(逆境)——the boiling water. However, each one reacted differently.
The strong and hard potato became soft and weak in boiling water. The egg was fragile, with the thin outer shell protecting its liquid until it was put in the boiling water. Then the inside of the egg became hard. However, the coffee beans were unique. After they were exposed to the boiling water, they changed the water and created something new. “Which one do you want to be like,” he asked. “When adversity knocks on your door, how will you respond?”
In life, challenges happen to us all, but the only thing that truly matters is what happens within us.
25. Why did the girl complain to her father?
   A. Because of her father’s busy work.
B. Because of her hard life.
C. Because of her tiring job.
D. Because of the food her father cooked.
26. What can we infer from this story?
   A. Different people have different reactions towards adversity.
B. The father was good at cooking.
C. The girl didn’t like the potatoes and eggs.
D. The girl liked the coffee best.
27. What does the underlined word “fragile” mean in the 4th paragraph?
A. thick      B. hard      C. strong      D. easily-broken

28. What would be the best title for the passage?
A. Father and daughter.
B. A chef and coffee beans.
C. Challenges and responses.
D. Adversities and a chef.


C
The human brain remembers negative experiences more easily than positive ones. Our brains have developed in this way because threats, like dangerous animals, have a more immediate effect on people’s survival compared to positive things like food or shelter. As a result, you clearly know what makes you unhappy, but do you know what makes you happy?
Research suggests that our level of happiness is partly shaped by the choices we make. If you’ve been chasing wealth, fame, power and some material things, you may be looking for happiness in the wrong places. Psychologists suggest that the following habits can make people happier.
People who own close relationships tend to be happier than those who do not. The number of our friends is not important. What matters is the quality of our relationships. Relationships that bring happiness usually consist of the sharing of feelings, acceptance, mutual (双方的) respect and trust.
People who exercise regularly can improve both their physical and mental well-being. Some research has shown that exercise can be as effective as some medicine in treating depression.
If we are so interested in an activity, we may lose track of time, and we can be in a state of flow. The activity could be playing the piano, surfing the Internet or playing a game… People who experience flow in their work or life tend to be happier.
People are more likely to be happy if they know what their strengths are and can use them regularly. People are especially happy when they can set goals and use their strengths to achieve them.
People, who think positively by being grateful, mindful and optimistic, are more likely to be happy. Being grateful means being thankful. Being mindful means considering, focusing on, and enjoying the experiences of the present moment. Being optimistic means being hopeful about the future.
29. Human brains remember negative things more easily because negative things _______.
   A. tend to affect human survival immediately
B. are easy to remember
C. are much more important than other things
D. can make people live much happier
30. According to this passage, people may find happiness in ________.
A. being famous    B. chasing power    C. setting life goals   D. earning money
31. In the last paragraph, the author tries to tell us to _________.
A. think more about our future          B. be positive in our life and work
C. focus on everything in our life        D. only enjoy the present moment 
32. What does the passage mainly want to tell us?
A. Why people remember positive things easily.
B. Why people remember negative things easily.
C. What makes people happy.
D. What makes people sad.

D
American English began in the 17th century. At the beginning of the 17th century, the English language was brought to North America by colonists (殖民者) from England. They used the language spoken in England, that is, Elizabethan English, the language used by Shakespeare.
In order to exploit (开发) new resources in America, British colonists settled down there and from 1607 to 1732 set up thirteen colonies. In these thirteen areas, English was a common language used by all people. They continued to speak as they had done in England.
As time went by, the English language gradually changed on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. Foreigners longing for wealth set foot on the coastal area to trade. The Americans adopted many words from foreign languages and invented lots of new words to meet their commercial (贸易的) needs. 
Following American Independence, famous people like Thomas Jefferson, the president, began to consider that the country should have a language of its own. Noah Webster compiled (编纂) three elementary books on English. Later, he expressed the idea that as an independent nation, America should have a system of its own in language as well as in government. After the second half of the 19th century, many great writers such as Mark Twain helped the development of American English.
English in America has developed a character of its own, showing the life and the physical and social environment of the American people. Since the rise of the United States to a position of world importance, American English has been developing and changing. There is no doubt that American English will enrich the English language greatly. With the rapid development of modern mass media and the common needs of economic, cultural and political exchanges, American English will be more widely used in the world than British English.
33. What can we infer from paragraph 3?
   A. People from the seaside were more willing to learn English.
B. The English language changed as a result of inner culture shock.
C. New words occurred in American English as a result of local invention.
D. International business and trade contributed to the development of American English.
34. What do we know about American English according to the passage?
A. It came into being at the end of the 17th century.
B. It hardly makes contributions to the development of English.
C. Its development has a close relationship with American people’s life.
D. It has been more widely used than British English from the beginning.
35. What’s the best title for the passage?
 A. The development of American English.
B. Language and Business.
C. The Difference between American English and British English.
D. The Birth of American English. 



第二节 (共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多于选项。
Characteristics of an excellent scientist
The Free Dictionary defines (定义) a scientist as a person having professional knowledge on one or more sciences, especially natural science or physical science. ____36____. Let’s look at some characteristics of an excellent scientist.
Curiosity.
____37____. Scientists such as Thomas Edison and George Westinghouse discovered things mainly because they wanted to know how things work. If a scientist doesn’t have the drive to ask questions or even wonder, then he/she never gets to the first stage of the scientific process.
Patience.
____38____. There are very few jobs that take longer than this one. Even if you think you have received some education on science, you still have a lot of scientific research to do. If you’re an instant-gratification (及时满足的) type of person, this may not be the best choice for you.
Ethical (道德的) qualities.
In order to truly discover and use knowledge for the greater good, a scientist must have a desire to improve people’s life as well as the environment and living things, since they are all linked and they can affect one another in the long run. A scientist must report findings honestly regardless of personal or outside commercial (商业的) interests. Sticking to an old belief contradicted (反驳) by evidence is dishonest. ____39____.
Working habits.
An excellent scientist even takes notes of the smallest observation, keeping it in mind and recording it. ____40____. He/She also needs to communicate thoughts on paper and verbally. Networking skills connect him/her with colleagues working on similar projects where he/she may discover something new.
A. Becoming a scientist takes a long time.
B. An excellent scientist must be very curious about things.
C. It also defines a scientist as someone who uses scientific methods.
D. He/She can work well alone or in groups, depending on what’s needed.
E. However, that belief shouldn’t be changed without powerful evidence.
F. To make discoveries in human knowledge, you have to think differently.
G. One of the main places that many scientists work in is the research laboratory.
第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分)
完形填空 (共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
A young man was walking by the lakeside when he suddenly saw a piece of gold glittering in the lake. He was so happy that he jumped into the   41   to look for it. But he couldn’t   42    it however hard he tried. Being wet, dirty and tired, he had to go ashore (上岸) for a  43  . Unexpectedly, after the water became   44  , the gold appeared again.
He jumped into it again,   45   once again the gold disappeared. So he had to go ashore again to sit beside the   46  . He thought, “Where is the gold coin in the water on earth? I have seen it   47  , but how come it is that all the attempts were made without any success?” Driven by the   48   to get the gold, he searched the water again and again, but   49  , which made him really unwilling to   50  .
At that moment, his father came to   51   him. Seeing his son wet and dirty, he asked, “What   52  ? Why do you look so   53  ? ”
His son answered, “I see a piece of gold coin in the water clearly, but I can’t get it  54  !”
His father looked into the water and it seemed that a gold coin was on the peaceful water. Then he looked up at the tree nearby and said to his son, “You are   55  . Look! It’s not a gold coin but the reflection of the metal   56   on the tree.”
Ordinary people are always busy   57   illusory (虚幻的) things and all these just result from hoping for  58  , which weakens our ability to   59   right from wrong. So we should choose the right   60   of life and learn to understand and thank everything, which will help us live a happy life.
41. A. forest 			B. water 				C. bank 				D. air
42. A. search 			B. pick 				C. get 				D. receive
43. A. change 			B. start 				C. sleep 				D. rest
44. A. dirty 			B. warm 			    C. calm 				D. shallow
45. A. but 			B. as				C. so 				D. or
46. A. pool 			B. lake 				C. river 				D. sea
47. A. cautiously 		B. possibly 			C. obviously 			D. believably
48. A. interest 		B. request 			C. desire 			D. value
49. A. in vain 			B. with purpose 		C. in progress 		D. at peace
50. A. watch 			B. understand 	 	C. receive 			D. accept
51. A. look into 		B. look for 		 	C. deal with 			D. argue with
52. A. happened 		B. changed 		 	C. mattered 			D. lost
53. A. embarrassed 	B. excited 		 	C. frightened 			D. delighted
54. A. instead 			B. meanwhile 	 	C. anyway 			D. otherwise
55. A. cute 			B. wrong 			C. wonderful 			D. careful
56. A. lying 			B. standing 		 	C. growing 			D. hanging
57. A. running after		B. looking after		C. running into 		D. looking into
58. A. less 			B. little 		 		C. more 				D. few
59. A. bring 			B. tell	 			C. stop 				D. benefit
60. A. sense 			B. responsibility 		C. role 				D. direction


第II卷 (非选择题 共50分)
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
根据句意或括号内所给词的适当形式完成下列句子。(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)
61.	I soon came to the ___________ (conclude) that she was lying.    
62.	Potatoes turn green when they are _________ (expose) to light.    
63.	The story has __________ (吸引) a lot of interest from the media.   
64.	Games can make learning more _________ (enjoy).   
65.	The past ten years have seen some very _____ (积极的) developments in East-West relations.          
66.	You'll get a false __________ (impress) of the town if you only visit the university.  
67.	He's _________ (constant) changing his mind. 
68.	The ______ (市民) of Moscow woke up this morning to find they had a new government. 
69.	One disadvantage of living in the town is the ____ (缺乏) of safe places for the children to play.
70.	They were lost in the ________ (沙漠) for nine days.  
第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
My grandfather and I enjoy fishing. One Sunday morning we go fishing at a lake. We took ours fishing poles and headed for the lake. As soon as we arrived, so we dropped the lines into the water. Before waiting for about half an hour, I was beginning to get impatiently. I wanted to give up, and my grandfather told me to wait a little longer. Finally, there were a sudden pull at the pole and fish was caught. Within the next few minute, my grandfather also caught a fish.
Felt hungry, we built a fire by the lake and barbecued the fish. It was delicious.
第二节:书面表达(满分25分)
Just as people say, “Your future depends on many things, but mostly on you.” Also, it’s widely believed that your future is in your own hands. So, boys and girls, have you imagined what your future will be like? What kind of life will you want to have? And to achieve your dream, how will you plan your study and life now? Please write a short passage about this topic within about 100 words.
2016级高二第一学期10月份考试
英语61 conclusion      62 exposed        63 attracted     64 enjoyable
65 positive        66 impression      67 constantly    68 citizens
69 lack          70 desert
第四部分 写作
第一节:短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
第二句:go 改成went.
第二句: ours 改成 our
第四句:去掉so
第五句:Before 改成After
第五句:impatiently改成impatient
第六句:and改成 but
第七句:were改成was
第七句:fish前加a
第八句:minute改成minutes
第九句:Felt改成Feeling













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