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湖南省衡阳县一中2018届高三第二次月考英语试卷

资料类别: 英语/试题

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所属地区: 湖南

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衡阳县一中2018届高三
               分值150 分, 时量 120 分钟,命题人:
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分:听力(满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. Where does the conversation probably take place?
  A. At a department store.     B. At the post office.   C. At the dry cleaner's. 
2. What does the man suggest the woman do?
  A. Get a repairman.   B. Put the table together.   C. Do as the instructions tell. 
3. When will the man make the call with the headquarters?
  A. At 9:30.       B. At 10:30.       C. At 10:40. 
4. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
  A. Children's nature. 
  B. Parents' impact on children. 
  C. The importance of school education. 
5. What is the woman doing?
  A. Reading.     B. Asking for help.     C. Washing hands. 
第二节,听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答第6和第7两个小题。
6. What's the woman's trouble?
  A. She has a headache. 
  B. She can't find her phone book. 
  C. She doesn't have Jason's home phone number. 
7. Why did the secretary refuse the woman?
  A. She couldn't reveal others' privacy. 
  B. She didn't know her. 
  C. She wasn't at work. 
听下面一段对话,回答第8和第9两个小题。
8. What are the speakers doing?
  A. Listening to Jim's singing.  B.attending a contest. C. Watching a TV program. 
9. How does the woman sound?
  A. Impatient.                B. Indifferent.          C. Considerate. 
听下面一段对话,回答第10至第12三个小题。
10. What is the man?
   A. A waiter.     B. A salesman.     C. A repairman. 
11. Why does the woman want to keep the old TV?
   A. To save money. 
   B. To memorize the old days. 
   C. To decorate the living room. 
12. What can we learn from the conversation?
   A. The man offered good service. 
   B. The TV set can't be as clear as before. 
   C. The woman complained about the man. 
听下面一段对话,回答第13至第16四个小题。
13. Why is the man going to the city?
   A. For a holiday.        B. For business.         C. For study. 
14. What kind of room does the man want?
   A. A suite.             B. A double room.       C. A single room. 
15. Where will the man have dinner?
   A. On the plane.         B. In the restaurant.     C. In his room. 
16. What food will be offered to the man?
   A. A sandwich with fries.  B. A cheese sandwich.   C. A burger with chips. 
听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20四个小题。
17. Where did the speaker park his car?
   A. In front of a cinema.     B. Beside a shop.      C. Near a bank. 
18. What do we know about the thief?
   A. He is tall and strong. 
   B. He is fat with a moustache. 
   C. He shot a bank clerk. 
19. What did the speaker do that afternoon?
   A. He went shopping.   B. He went to the cinema.   C. He went to the police station. 
20. What was the thief doing when he was arrested?
   A. Buying something.   B. Drinking in a bar.       C. Running down the stairs.    

    第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A.
The Best of Alaska
    Nothing evokes(唤起) Alaska like a whale exploding out of the water or an
eagle pulling a silver fish from the river. Combine these images with high mountains, brilliant icebergs and wonderful meals and you really do have the Best of Alaska!
    Highlights:
    JUNEAU: Juneau, the state capital, is rich in culture and scenic beauty. It is here that we start and end our trip. 
    HAINES: Haines is a small community located along the fords(海湾). The natural beauty and expansive wilderness found here have made Haines a premier center for adventure in Alaska.
    ALASKA INDIAN ARTS: Alaska Indian Arts is a nonprofit corporation dedicated to the preservation and continuation of traditional native craft and culture of the Northwest Native Tribes.
    SKAGWAY: Skagway is famous for its role in the Klondike Gold Stampede over 100 years ago. Today, it is a historic yet lively town, which still reflects its gold rush roots and contains colorful shops. In Skagway, we stop by the Klondike Gold Rush National Park Visitor's Center and ride the White Pass Yukon Route Railway.
    GUSTAVUS: Gustavus is the gateway to Glacier Bay National Park. We'll stay at a comfortable lodge here for two nights. This will be the base for both the whale-watching excursion and a full day cruise in Glacier Bay. 
    DATES/PRICES:
    May 15, June 17, July 16, August 14.
    7 days-$3500, including lodging, all meals, excursions, guides, park fees, sales taxes, and transportation between Juneau, Skagway, Haines, and Gustavus. Not included: Alcohol, personal items, airfare to and from Juneau.
    Contact:
    E-mail: info@alaskamountainguides.com
    Call: 800一766一3396
Write: Alaska Mountain Guides & Climbing School
P. O. Box 1081, Haines AK 99827
21. You can feel the history of the local place at          .
   A. Haines                      B. Juneau
   C. Skagway                    D. Gustavus
22. You can watch a whale exploding out of the water at          .
   A. the Northwest Native Tribes
   B. the Klondike Gold Rush National Park
   C. the White Pass Yukon
   D. Glacier Bay National Park
23. Which of the following is a participant required to pay additional fees for?
   A. Going from Gustavus to Juneau by train.
   B. A full day cruise in Glacier Bay.
   C. Having the last supper at Juneau.
   D. Flying from Juneau to his hometown.
                                  B
The Nez Perce Indians are a tribe that lived in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. At the time of the Lewis and Clark expedition (远征队),which was one of the first journeys by Americans from the Atlantic coast to the Pacific coast and back again, the Nez Perce territory (领土)covered about 17 million acres, covering parts of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. But that was a brief sweet history.
In September 1805,when Lewis and Clark came off the Rockies on their westward journey, the entire exploring party was hungry and ill — too weak to defend themselves.Had the Nez Perce chosen to attack them, they	could have put an end to the Lewis and Clark expedition there on the banks of Clearwater River. Instead the Nez Perce welcomed the white Americans and looked after them until they made a full recovery. Thus began a long friendship between the Nez Perce and white Americans. But white men ’ s greed for land and gold finally broke the friendship.
In 1855 Governor Isaac Stevens of Washington Territory invited the Nez Perce to a peace conference. He said there were a great many white people in the country, and many more would come. But the chief of the tribe at that time, Old Joseph, replied, “Take away your paper. I will not touch it with my hand. ”
Things were quiet for a while after that,but	not for long.	When Old Joseph died,the chiefship was passed onto Young Joseph. In the late 1870s,government officials came to order the Nez Perce to leave the Wallowa Valley and then began hard battles between the Nez Perce and the white soldiers. After the tribe had fought thirteen battles and moved 1 ,600 miles towards Canada in an attempt to retreat (撤退)north, Young Joseph, gave in to the United States Army. Here was his famous statement, “Hear me my chiefs. I am tired ; my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever. ” 
    In 1885,chief joseph was sent along with mang of his band to the Colville Reservation in Washington where Joseph continued to lead his band for another 25 years, at times coming into conflict with the leaders of 11 other tribes living on the reservation
24.	What is TRUE of the Lewis and Clark expedition?
A.	They started the first battle with the Nez Perce.
B.	They ended their expedition on the banks of Clearwater River.
C.	They were the first Americans to travel from the Atlantic to the Pacific
D.	. They were well cared for by the Nez Perce.
25.	What ended the friendship between the Nez Perce and the Whites?
A.	Old Joseph’s proud manner.
B.	White men’s increasing demand for land and gold.
C.	A growing number of white men in the land. 
D.	The breakdown of the peace talk.
26.	Young Joseph gave in at last because	.
A.	he grew older        B.	he hated the war
C.	he was terribly ill     D.	he lost other chiefs’ support
27.	The passage might be followed by a paragraph about	•
A.	the customs and traditions of the Nez Perce Indians
B.	the last years of Chief Joseph in the Colville Reservation
C.	lasting fights between the Nez Perce and the Whites
D.	constant conflicts between the Nez Perce and other tribes 
                           
                                C
When thinking about placing a human being in space, one of the most important questions  was how to design special clothing needed to protect a person from the dangers of the space environment. The cold of space will freeze skin in a short time. The fierce heat of the sun can cause severe burns. The lack of atmosphere can cause gases in the body to expand and even burst. With no oxygen to breathe, a human being will die in only a few moments. Radiation from the sun is another risk in space. So is damage from small pieces of rock and objects like meteoroids (陨石).
In 1933, an American flyer, Wiley Post, designed one of the first successful devices to protect a pilot at extreme heights. It was a large device that looked like a can surrounded the pilot's head. Astronauts in the American space agency (NASA) flew the first American space flights in the early 1960s. The clothing was similar to that invented by Wiley Post. 
 	Today, astronauts wear very different protective clothing. It lets them move, do useful tasks, and stay outside their spacecraft in comfort and safety for several hours. The spacesuit is called the shuttle extravehicular mobility unit or EMU. It was designed to endure longer and to permit more movement than earlier spacesuits.
The EMU has a number of parts that an astronaut can link together by using only one hand, which makes it possible for each astronaut to select the parts that fit correctly.
Nowadays, NASA scientists are also considering the kind of spacesuits that would be needed for exploration on the planet Mars. Because of the gravity on Mars, spacesuits may have to be designed to be lighter than suits used in orbit or on the moon. The equipment may also have to protect astronauts from dust carried in the winds on Mars. And, they must be easy to repair and keep clean during a longer flight to and from the red planet.
28. Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the dangers of space environment?
A. Gases in the body.         B. Fierce heat from the sun.                   
C. Lack of oxygen.           D. Radiation from the sun.
29. Which of the following statements is true, according to this passage?
   A. Astronauts wearing earlier spacesuits had some difficulty in moving, doing      
     useful tasks and so on. 
   B. Wiley Post designed the first protective clothing for astronauts.
   C. EMU has many parts that can be linked together by using two hands.
   D. Special spacesuits have been used for exploration of the planet Mars.
30. The underlined word “endure” means _______.
  	A. provide     B. move     C. last   D.  live
31. The best title of the passage might be ______.
A. Space exploration             B. Astronauts’ flights
C. The Evolution of Spacesuits     D. The Advantages of Spacesuits
                                 
                                   D      Our character, basically, is made up of our habits. "Sow a thought, reap an action; sow an action, reap a habit; sow a habit, reap a character; sow a character, reap a destiny (命运)," as the saying goes.    Habits are powerful factors in our lives. Because they are  often unconscious patterns, they constantly daily affect our character and produce our effectiveness or ineffectiveness.  As Horace Mann, the great educator, once said, "Habits are like a cable. We weave a rope of it every day and soon it cannot be broken." I personally do not agree with the last part of his expression. I know habits can be learned and unlearned. But we also know it isn't a quick fix. It involves a process and a tremendous effort.     Those of us who watched the lunar voyage of Apollo 11 were shocked as we saw the first men walk on the moon and return to earth. But to get there, those astronauts had to break out of the tremendous gravity pull of the earth. More energy was spent in the first few minutes of lift-off, in the first few miles of travel, than was used over the next several days to travel half million miles.    Habits, too, have tremendous gravity pull. However, most people don’t realize or admit it. Getting rid of bad habits really requires great willpower and some changes in our lives. Lift-off takes tremendous effort, but once we break out of the pull of gravity, we can enjoy unprecedented(空前的) freedom.
Like any natural force, gravity pull can work with us or against us. The gravity pull of some of our habits may currently be keeping us from going where we want to go. But it is also gravity pull that keeps our world together and keeps the planets in their orbits and our universe in order. It is a powerful force, and if we use it effectively, we can use the gravity pull of habit to create the order necessary to establish effectiveness in our lives.
32.Why did the author quote the saying in the first paragraph?
A.To show the author was a wise man.
B.To support the author’s opinion about the habit.
C.Because a great educator asked the author to do it.
 D.Because the author liked the old saying very much.
33.Why does the author say habits have powerful effects on our lives?
A.Because habits can constantly affect out character.
B.Because habits can be learned and unlearned.
C.Because you can reap a character by sowing a habit.
D.Because a habit is like a cable and useful to our life.
34.What does the writer mean by referring to gravity pull?
A.Ridding bad habits needs great willpower.
B.Breaking the gravity pull means enjoying freedom.
C.To prove that the habits can work with us or against us.
D.The gravity pull is very important in our lives 
35.Which can be the best title for this passage?
A.Forming a good character is important    B.The importance of the pull of gravity
C.Excellence is not an act but a habit.       D.The powerful factors of habits
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
     Around the world there is an increase in the demand for reforestation. This is because the consumption of the forests has affected not only the animals living in the area but also the people. And reforestation is about the rebuilding of the forests that have been severely destroyed. It can offer a lot of benefits when the recreation is successful.
     36. _____ This includes collecting seedlings(幼苗) that are native in the area to make sure that there is a natural reconstruction of the area. Some additional trees which are not native in the area also need to be planted. 37. _____ The importance of having multiple species of trees is considered to make sure that the needs of other species that will live and grow in the area are met.
     Destroying a forest is easy but rebuilding it is really hard. 38. _____ The plan must include accurate spacing on plants and trees. This is to ensure that they won’t cover each other while they grow. 39. _____
     The forest greatly helps in the reduction of the air pollution. Trees are responsible for the production of oxygen and absorption of carbon dioxide. 40. _____ It is there for a reason just like everyone else on this planet.
     There can’t be a better way to restore the balance of nature than to increase the forest area. We must remember that the forest is a natural habitat of a wide variety of animals and plants. In this manner, there is no substitute for reforestation. 
There are many things to be done when it comes to this type of effort.
And global warming will speed up the destruction of forests.
Keep in mind that you can’t just plant the seedlings anywhere.
It is important to make sure that they are suited to the climate and the type of soil.
Recreations won’t work until all these details have been considered.
So a good plan is needed to make the reforestation a successful one.
The forest also protects us from typhoons and other natural disasters.  
第三部分 英语知识运用(共2节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。
   Kidnappers are rarely interested in animals but they recently took considerable interests in Mrs .Eleanor Ramsay’s cat. Mrs Eleanor Ramsay, a very wealthy but  41  old lady, has shared a flat with her cat,Rastus ,for a great many years. Rastus leads a(an)  42  life .He usually takes a short walk in the evenings and is always home by seven o ’clock. One evening,however,he  43  to arrive.Mrs. Ramsay got very worried.She looked everywhere for him  44  could not find him .She was  45  a loss,for there was nobody  46  whom she could turn for help.
    Three days after Rastus’ disappearance,Mrs. Ramsay received an anonymous letter.The writer  47  that Rastus was in safe  48  and would be returned immediately  49  Mrs. Ramsay paid a ransom of $1 000 Mrs. Ramsay was  50  to place the money in a cardboard box and to leave it  51  her door.  52  ,she decided to go to police,but  53  that she would never see Rastus again—the letter had made that quite clear—she changed her mind.She  54  the exact amount of money from her bank and followed the kidnapper’s instructions. The next morning,the box had disappeared but Mrs. Ramsay was  55  that the kidnapper would keep his word  56 . Rastus arrived punctually at seven 0’clock that evening.He looked very  57  though he was rather thirsty,for he drank half a bottle of milk. The police were  58  when Mrs. Ramsay told them what she had done. She explained that Rastus was very dear to her,saying that she believed firmly the cat was  59  the money and that  60  the amount she paid,the old lady thought he was dear in more ways than one!
41.A.lonely    		B.alone    		C.deserted 		D.isolated
42.A.usual    		B.normal    		C.ordinary 		D.orderly
43.A.missed    		B.lost    			C.failed 		   D.disappointed
44.A.but    		B.and    			C.therefore 	   D.so
45.A.in    			B.at    			C.For    		   D.on
46.A.at    			B.for    			C.off 			   D.to
47.A.explained    	B.stated    		C.thought 		   D.argued
48.A.hands    		B.arms    		C.legs 		   D.state
49.A.unless    		B.though    		C.if 			   D.since
50.A.asked    		B.ordered    		C.commanded    D.instructed
51.A.outside    		B.inside    		C.behind 		   D.off
52.A.All of a sudden    	B.In all    		C.At first 		   D.All in all
53.A.feared    		B.fearing    		C.doubting 	   D.doubted
54.A.deposited    	B.withdrew    	C.placed 		   D.set
55.A.doubtful    	B.afraid    		C.sure 		   D.uncertain
56.A.Rather than    	B.Other than    	C.Or rather 	   D.Sure enough
57.A.good    		B.bad    			C.ill 			   D.well
58.A.excited    		B.puzzled    		C.shocked 	   D.surprised
59.A.worthy    		B.worth 			C.worthwhile     D.valuable
60.A.considered    	B.considering    	C.thinking 	   D.thought
第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
   As is known to us all, people who are addicted to smoking may be more likely 61.__________(attack) by lung cancer. Moreover, a great deal 62._______money will be wasted on it. In addition, due to people’s awful 63.____________(impress) of the smoking people, the habit will limit our social network , 64.________ will finally lead to loneliness.
Although it is hard 65.________(resist) the temptation of smoking, we should spare 66._________ effort to take measures. Firstly, we should 67._______(strong) our willpower. Secondly, some substitutions(替代品) may help as well. What’s more, 68._______ you really can’t quit smoking, asking doctors for medical help is also 69.________beneficial choice. In summary, I think we 70._________(defeat) smoking with our struggle and determination.
 
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:
1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。
只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
   Last Sunday, the Student Association of our school was organized an activity to visit the children in the poorest village of our city. As one of the volunteer, I took part in it. We took many books as well many kinds of school supplies and toys for the children. They were exciting to receive our gifts. In the morning, we played some games with them which were played in our childhood. Then we cooked and have lunch there. In a afternoon, we gave them some performances. Before leaving the village, we had photos take with them and gave them our contact details so that they could keep in touch with one another. Each of us had a happily time. We gave the children our care and help, but in return, they gave us their thanks and smiles.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假如你是李华,前几天你收到了你的朋友Vince的来信,询问你的高三生活,你打算在回信中介绍以下三个方面的内容:
1.生活安排;      2.学习计划;     3.理想的大学及专业。
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 
3.开头与结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。
    Dear Vince,
I'm very glad to hear from you.
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
Best wishes!
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua



高三英语试卷答 案21-23,DD    24-27,BBB    28-31,AACC    32-35 BACC  36-40ADFCG      41-45:ADCAB  46-50 DBACD	                51-55 ACBBC 	   56-60 DDCBB 
61. to be attacked     62. of                63.impression   
64. which            65.to resist           66. no        67. strengthen   
68.if / when          69. a                70 will /can defeat
短文改错:
Last Sunday, the Student Association of our school was organized an activity to visit the children 

in the poorest village of our city. As one of the volunteer, I took part in it. We took many books as 
                                      volunteers
well∧ many kinds of school supplies and toys for the children. They were exciting to receive 
    as                                                       excited
our gifts. In the morning, we played some games with them that were played in our 
                                                 
childhood. Then we cooked and have lunch there. In a afternoon, we gave them some 
                          had             the      
performances. Before leaving the village, we had photos take with them and gave them our 
                                             taken
contact details so that they could keep in touch with one another. Each of us had a happily time. 
                  we                                             happy
We gave the children our care and help,but in return,they gave us their thanks and smiles.
                                 and
 【参考范文】
Dear Vince,
I'm very glad to hear from you. In your letter, you 
asked me about my Senior Three life. Nowadays I'm 
very busy with my exams and homework. So I need 
to balance my study and life to make it colorful and 
meaningful.
I believe doing sports every day may build up 
my body. Besides, communicating with teachers, 
parents and friends can be of help to reduce my pressure. 
As for my study, I've made a practical plan. I should also 
overcome my shyness to consult the teachers if there's 
something making me confused. What's more, improving 
English is the most urgent thing because I have to make a 
solid foundation for my dream university—Shanghai 
International Studies University, where I'd like to major 
in English. I really hope my dream will come true through
 my hard work.
   Best wishes!           Your  sincerely










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