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河南省周口市2017-2018学年高一上学期第一次月考英语试卷

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2017-2018学年度高一第一次月考
英语试卷
第I卷
第一部分:听力部分(略)
第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Do you know that vegetables can grow in the climates they are not used to?Cool climate vegetables like asparagus(芦笋) are now able to be grown in places as hot as Hawaii.In Hawaii,marine(海的) engineers have been able to actually let you believe such vegetables that they are living in cooler climates.In that way they grow faster and taste better.What these engineers have been using is very simply cold sea water.How did they use it? They place pipes in the soil and cold water flowing through them cools the earth.This causes plant grow and enables gardeners in tropical climates(热带气候) to grow crops from cooler climates. Also some of these pipes are exposed to the air and they make the air ?wet? and thus water the gardens. What especially makes people happy about this process is that nothing to the natural conditions is being used.Another new use for cold ocean water is to cool buildings. Engineers believe that for example the entire west coast of the United States could be airconditioned using sea water.
21.What does the new system enable the gardeners to do?
A.Water the field with sea water.
B.Grow asparagus in hot places.
C.Grow cool climate vegetables in hot areas.
D.Cool the soil.
.Sea water mentioned in the passage is mainly used to________.
A.water the farms
B.water the gardens
C.cool the air
D.make the earth cool
.What is the report mainly about?
A.How to grow vegetables in hot areas.
B.How to grow crops in tropical climates.
C.How to cool the soil.
D.How to use sea water.
.It can be inferred from the passage that________.
A.sea water can act as an airconditioner
B.asparagus are only grown in hot places
C.the writer wants to tell us something about scientific advance
D.sea water has many advantages
B
Education is not an end,but a means to an end.In other words,we do not educate children only for the purpose of educating them.Our purpose is to fit them for life.
In some modern countries it has for some time been fashionable to think that by free education for all—whether rich or poor,clever or stupid—one can solve all the problems of society and build a perfect nation.But we can already see that free education for all is not enough;we find in such countries a far larger number of people with university degrees.They refuse to do what they think “low” work,and in fact,work with hands is thought to be dirty and shameful in such countries.But we have only to think a moment to understand that the work of a completely uneducated farmer is far more important than that of a professor,we can live without education but we die if we have no food.If no one cleaned our streets and took the rubbish away from our houses,we should get terrible diseases in our towns...
In fact,when we say that all of us must be educated to fit us for life,it means that we must be educated in such a way that,firstly,each of us can do whatever work suited to his brain and ability and,secondly,that we can realize that all jobs are necessary to society,and that it is very bad to be ashamed of one’s work.Only such a type of education can be considered valuable to society.
25.From the passage we can conclude that________.
A.free education can do nothing to help the world
B.free education will provide us a perfect world
C.all the problems of society can’t be solved by education
D.farmers are more important than professors
.It is suggested in this passage that________.
A.our society needs different kinds of people doing all kinds of work
B.work with hands is the most valuable in the world
C.we should respect farmers,for we can’t live without them
D.farmers and dustmen do not need education as their jobs are very    simple
27.According to the writer,the purpose of education is________.
A.to let everyone get free education
B.to let people not think it is ashamed of ones own work with hands
C.to make children get ready for their future work
D.to choose a system education
.The passage mainly tells us about________.
A.the means of education
B.the value of education
C.the work children should do in the future
D.the advantage of education
C
Peter Fern was mad on mountains.Climbing was the love of his life.Church towers,seaside cliffs,rock faces,ice mountains,anything—If it’s there, he used to say,then I want to climb it.” So the news of his marriage gave me a surprise.I’d never known him to take much interest in girls.Well,well,Peter Fern,a married man!I couldnt get over it.I wondered whether his wife would try to stop some of his risky adventures.
She was French perhaps—from that place where he usually spent his holidays.Chamonix,wasn’t it? From Chamonix he’s climbed Mont Blanc on his seventeenth birthday,and one of the Aifuilles the day after!That was it,then;she was French,from a family,most of whom liked climbing.No other explanation.
A month later I met them both in town.Anna surprised me because she was English.She was a dancer in the theatre.Never climbed more than sixty steps in my life, she told me.“Peter has his interests,and Ive got mine.No problems.”“None at all, Pater said,smiling.Where did you spend your honeymoon(蜜月)? I asked.“Somewhere far from theater and mountains,was it?We had a week’s holiday, Anna said,I flew to New York to see the drake Dancers on Broaay.A wonderful show! Peter said,Didn’t want to miss the good weather.So I went to Switzerland and climbed the north face of the Eiger with Allen Dunlop.Great fun,the Eiger.Grand place for a honeymoon!Ill show you the photographs we took one day.”
29.Peter was mad on mountains” means________.
A.he enjoyed climbing mountains
B.he was angry on mountains
C.he lost his senses on mountains
D.he enjoyed climbing mountains very much
.The writer had thought the only reason why Fern married was that the girl________.
A.might be French living near the mountain,and from a mountaineer family
B.would not stop his climbing
C.perhaps came from French
D.might live near the mountain
.Peter and Anna’s marriage is probably________.
A.a failure because neither of them likes the other’s love
B.happy because each of them respects the other’s love
C.painful because each of them would do ones own thing
D.a mistake because either of them wouldnt care the other’s love
32.Peter’s marriage surprised the writer because________.
A.Peter didnt like girls
B.Peter was too absorbed in mountain climbing
C.Peter was mad
D.Peter’s wife was a dancer
D
It was a very happy family.The life was fairly well off.Father,Leopold,was a music master in Austria.Mother was warmhearted.There were two children,Marianne,a schoolgirl,and little Wolfgang,a child not quite four years old.Marianne was learning to play the piano,and day after day Leopold stood behind her as she practiced.How patient her father was,and how cleverly he showed Marianne how to play some particularly difficult pieces!She was making progress,very good progress,and that was excellent.And there,almost lost in the big chair,sat Wolfgang,who never had to be told to keep quiet when Marianne was practicing.
One evening at sunset Leopold patted Marianne’s shoulder,saying she had done well.At that moment Wolfgang climbed on his father’s knee and begged to be allowed to play the pretty piece Marianne had now mastered.What a joke that was!Picking up his baby son,Leopold laughed and said,Look at your small hands.You must wait,little man!
There was no end of fun during tea,and Marianne had to tell her mother about Wolfgang wanting to play a difficult piece.When the meal was finished,Marianne helped to clear away the dishes.Suddenly Leopold got up.Listen!said he in a surprised voice.“Listen!Marianne is playing the piece better than ever!
But Marianne was washing dishes in the kitchen.
His wife following,Leopold walked quietly upstairs,the lamp in one hand,his music book in the other.He pushed open the door,and there was little Wolfgang playing in the darkness.I love it.” whispered the child.
It was the beginning of Mozart’s life of music.
33.Wolfgang was quiet when his sister practiced the piano because________.
A.he liked his sister
B.he loved music
C.he didn’t feel well
D.he didn’t want to make a noise
Wolfgang’s father told him he couldn’t play the piano yet because________.
A.he was too small
B.his sister was taking lessons
C.he had to help his mother
D.he had to wait for his sister to finish practicing
.At tea time the family had________.
A.no fun  B.a little fun
C.a lot of fun  D.little fun

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,共10分)根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
How to Do Well in Exams
Do not underestimate the power of revision in the days and hours before an examination.The closer you are to the exam,the more chance you have of storing and retaining crucial information.But do not overdo it.__36__ An effective daily routine can help you through an exam period, so in the days leading up to your first exam,get into the habit of being up and ready to work by game.It can be a shock to the system after months of working to your own timetable to be mentally alert at that time if you have not prepared for it.
On the day of the exam,have a good breakfast,pack two of everything you need (pens,pencils,erasers,etc.),then make your way to the examination hall in good time.____
Once in your seat, simply pause for a few seconds and collect your thoughts.Close your eyes and take in a few slow,deep breathes to help you relax.When you turn over the test paper,spend a short period reading through all the instructions and questions,paying particular attention to key verbs such as “discuss”,“compare” and “evaluate”.__38__ It is wise always to allow for 10 minutes at the end of the exam to give yourself time to go back over your answers.Once you have selected the questions you wish to tackle,begin by attempting the one you think is your strongest.It will give you more confidence when you see a wellanswered question down on the paper.Also remember to write clearly,and do not be afraid to express the unexpected:after all,examiners can get very bored marking stereotypical answers.
____ If you do need something else to focus on to help collect your thoughts,choose a fixture in the room,such as the ceiling or anything else that will not allow you to be distracted.
Finally,once you have finished,never hang around outside afterwards to attend the discussion by other students.__40__
A.Do not arrive too early,though,as other people’s anxiety can be infectious,and you may suffer from unnecessary panic.
B.Try not to be tempted to look at those around you,or at the clock.
C.When you get home,read the examination paper through and look up all the words you didn’t understand. 
D.Sleep,exercise and relaxation are all just as important.
E.Map out a quick plan of points you wish to make and how much time you should spend on each question.
F.Go and have a wellearned rest,then prepare for your next exam.
G.Underestimate the test in your mind.

第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。A man died and was on his way to another__41__either the heaven or the hell.He saw an extremely__42__palace half way and the owner of the palace__43__him to stay and live in the palace.
The man said,I have been working__44__during my life and now I just want to eat and sleep__45__any work.” The owner of the palace said,__46__,there is nowhere else better than here for you.There is a wealth of ____in my palace and you can eat whatever you want without anyone__48__you.__49__,you can rest assured(放心) that __5__needs to be done by you.” Then,the man settled down in the palace.
At the beginning,the man felt very ____at the rotation(轮流) of eating and sleeping.But ____,he felt a bit lonely and void.So he went to the owner and groaned,It is very __53__to live by just eating and sleeping every day.Now I show no __54__in this kind of life any more.Could you help me find a __55__?
The owner replied, __56__,there is no job here at all.
After another several months,the man could not____the present life and went to the owner__58__.“I really could not stand this sort of life any more.If you do not offer me a job,I would____to go to the hell instead of living here.” The owner of the palace smiled contemptuously(轻蔑地),Do you think it is Heaven here? It is __60__the hell!
41.  A.world                                     B.house        
    C.place                                      D.hospital
42.A.summer                                    B.fairytale
    C.royal                                      D.splendid
A.asked  B.warned  C.forced  D.demanded
.A.comfortably  B.hard
C.honestly  D.unpaid
.A.apart from  B.besides
C.without  D.out of
.A.If any  B.If so
C.If necessary  D.If possible
.A.jewels  B.tastes
C.books   D.food
.A.stopping  B.asking
C.noticing  D.meeting
.A.However  B.Otherwise
C.Anyway  D.Moreover
.A.anything  B.everything
C.nothing  D.something
.A.surprised  B.happy
C.mad  D.frightened
.A.easily  B.carefully
C.confidently  D.gradually
.A.strange  B.enjoyable
C.boring   D.relaxing
.A.interest  B.trust
C.patience  D.curiosity
.A.partner B.way out
C.meaning  D.job
.A.Thats right                                  B.Cheer up
C.Sorry  D.Never mind
.A.bear B.lose
C.handle  D.risk
.A.indeed  B.already
C.always D.again
.A.hope  B.prefer
C.promise  D.expect
.A.no longer  B.also
C.actually  D.still

第二节:语法填空(共10个小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
There are two basic stages to learn English. The first stage of learning this language would be very ___61___ (interest). Once you have a good command of the alphabets(字母), ___2___ (gradual) you can learn many words. It would always be better to follow the method of reading first, then writing. When you feel ___63___ you have understood the words, you can make sentences. This is the most amusing stage to learn. You just think of a sentence in your mother language, and try to set ___64___ the same sentence in English. There could be some mistakes, ___65___ you should not worry about it. You’d better write the same sentence by ___66___ (make) use of many different words till you are satisfied ___67___ your sentence. If you follow this way, very soon you can create sentences of your own.
    ___68___ second step is learning the grammar. Compared with ___69___ languages, English is quite simple and very systematic(系统化的). There are certain rules and regulations for each and every topic in grammar of this language. As long as you follow the rules and regulations, ___0___ would be a difficult task to make mistakes.

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(/\),并在其下面写出该加的词。 
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 
注意:1. 每处错误仅限1词; 
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
You can guess the meanings of unfamiliar and important words in a reading passage by using a following strategies.Think about how the new word was related to the topic of that you are reading about.Identify which part of speech the new word is with looking at how it fits with the another words in its sentence.Look at how the word relates to the rest of the informations in the paragraph surrounded it.Use of your knowledge of prefixes,suffixes,and word roots identify the basic meaning of the word.

第二节:书面表达(满分25分)假如你是中学生李华,你的美国笔友Jack正在学习汉语,在他写给你的一封电子邮件中,向你请教汉语成语相见恨晚的意思。请你用英语给他写一封回信,解释该成语的意思。为使信件内容充实,可适当添加细节或实例。除该成语外,文中不可出现其他汉语。邮件的开头和结尾已为你写好。
注意:词数100左右。
Dear Jack
_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

Best wishes!
Yours sincerely,
                                                 Li Hua 
高一第一次月考英语试题答案1. interesting  62. gradually  63. that  64. down  65. but  66. making  67. with  68. The  69. other  70. it
短文改错
You can guess the meanings of unfamiliar  important words in a reading passage by using  following strategies.Think about how the new word  related to the topic of  you are reading about.Identify which part of speech the new word is  looking at how it fits with the  words in its sentence.Look at how the word relates to the rest of the  in the paragraph  it. Use of\ your knowledge of prefixes,suffixes,and word roots  identify the basic meaning of the word.
Dear_Jack,
Im very glad to receive your email and very delighted to know that you’re getting along well with your Chinese learning.You must be proud of yourself for the progress your have made;so am I.
Yes,it is true that the more you learn Chinese,the more questions you will have about it.Idioms are always a difficult part of a language.“相见恨晚 should be one of the difficult ones.It means when we meet a stranger and become friends,we hate it that we should meet each other so late.In other words,it would have been better if we had met earlier.
I hope my explanation can help and best luck with your learning.
Best_wishes!
Yours_sincerely,
Li_Hua













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