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辽宁省六校协作体2017-2018学年高一下学期开学考试英语试卷

资料类别: 英语/试题

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所属地区: 辽宁

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2017——2018学年度下学期省六校协作体高一期初考试
英 语 试 题
(  时间:100分钟)
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
A woman brought a very limp-looking duck to see a vet. As she laid her pet on the table, the vet pulled out his stethoscope(听诊器) and listened to the bird’s chest.
  After a moment or two, the vet shook his head and sadly said, “I’m sorry, your duck, Cuddles, has passed away.”
  The woman was so disappointed and asked, “Are you sure?” “Yes, I am sure. Your duck is dead,” replied the vet.
  “How can you be so sure?” she protested. “I mean you haven’t done any testing on him or anything. He might just be in a coma(昏迷) or something.”
The vet rolled his eyes, turned around and left the room. He returned a few minutes later with a black dog. As the duck’s owner looked on in amazement, the dog stood on his back legs, put his front paws on the examination table and sniffed(嗅) the duck from top to bottom. He then looked up at the vet with sad eyes and shook his head. The vet patted the dog on the head and took it out of the room.
A few minutes later, he returned with a cat. The cat jumped on the table and also carefully sniffed the bird from head to foot. The cat sat back down, shook his head meowed softly and went out of the room.
The vet looked at the woman and said, “I’m sorry, but as I said, this is most definitely, 100% certifiably, a dead duck.”
The vet turned to his computer, pressed a few keys and produced a bill, which he handed to the woman.
The duck’s owner, still in shock, took the bill. “150 dollars!” she shouted. “150 dollars just to tell me my duck is dead!”
The vet shrugged, “I’m sorry. If you had just taken my word for it, the bill would have been 20 dollars, but with the Lab Report and the Cat Scan, it’s now 150 dollars.”
21. Why did the vet take a dog and a cat into the examination room?
	A. To confirm (确认) the duck was dead.
B. To give to the woman as pets.
	C. To comfort the woman.	
	D. To ask them to save the duck’s life.
22. How was the woman likely to feel after being told the reason why the bill was 150 dollars?
	A. Awkward.   	B. Angry  	C. Sad.     	D. Delighted.
23. The passage is a(n) ________.
	A. novel     	B. joke.      	C. advertisement 	D. review
B
When I was in my fourth year of teaching, I was also (and am still) a high school track and field coach(田径教练). One year, I had a student, John, who entered my class when he was a junior. John changed to our school from Greece, and seemed to be interested in sports, so I encouraged him to join our track team. I explained to him that even though he had never taken part in it before, I did believe that he could do well in any event, and I would be willing to coach him at whichever ones interested him. He accepted the offer, and began to work hard at every practice.
About a month later, I had found out from other sources that John was a first-class tennis player, winning various junior awards in his home country. I went to him asking, “John, I really appreciate that you came out for the track team, but why didn’t you play tennis instead? It seems that  would interest you a lot more, since you’re so good at it.” John answered, “Well, I like tennis, but you told me that you believed in me, and that you thought I could do well in track, so I wanted to try it for that reason.”
From then on, I often remember my student’s reply. I told it to a friend and she suggested I write it down to share somewhere with more teachers. No matter how critical(不满的) students can be of themselves, I’ve found that a simple “I trust that you can do it!” can go a long way!
24. According to Paragraph 1, what does the author seem to think more about? 
	A. John’s PE marks          	B. John’s self-confidence
	C. John’s interest in sports    	D. John’s state of health
25. Why did John take part in the track team?
	A. He had been an excellent runner.  
	B. He was encouraged by his teacher.
	C. He liked running more than tennis. 
	D. He had no tennis coach to train him.
26. What’s the purpose of this passage?
	A. to build a close teacher-student relationship
	B. to introduce a new way of sports training
	C. to explain the value of sports and games
	D. to show the importance of encouragement
27. Who is the passage mainly written for?
	A. teachers	B. Parents      	C. students  	D. players
C
Animals, including insects, do not have a language like ours. They do not talk to each other in words and sentences. But if we watch them, we can see that they do have ways of communicating with each other.
Can you see the rabbits’ tail? When rabbits see this white tail moving up and down, they run too. The rabbit has reminded them of potential dangers without making a sound. It has given them a signal.
Many other animals use this kind of language. When a cobra(眼镜蛇 is angry, it raises its hood(兜帽) and makes itself look fierce. This warns other animals. When a bee has found some food, it goes back to its home. It cannot tell the other bees where the food is by speaking to them, but it does a little dance in the air. This tells the bees where the food is.
Some animals say things by making sound. A dog barks, for example, when a stranger comes near. A cat purrs(猫的呜呜声) when pleased. Some birds make several different sounds, each with its own meaning. Sometimes we human beings speak in the same way. We make sounds like “Oh” or “Ah!” when we are frightened or pleased or when we drop something on our toes.
But we have something that no animals have-a large number of words which have the meanings of things, actions, feelings or ideas. We are able to give each other all kinds of different information in words and sentences, which no other animals can do. No other animals have so wonderful a language as we have.
28. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? _____.
A. Animals do have a language like that of human beings
B. Bees communicate with each other by dancing
C. Some animals can use words
D. A dog barks to show its friendliness
29. A rabbit uses its tail to _____.
A. warn other rabbits of danger	B. tell other rabbits where food is
C. make itself look fierce	D. help it to run fast
30. What is this passage mainly about? _____.
A. Human’s language is more wonderful than animals’ language
B. People should pay attention to animals’ body language and sounds
C. Animals have their own ways to communicate with each other
D. Animals are smarter than we think
31. Several different sounds can be made by a _____. 
A. rabbit	 B. bee      	C. bird	D. cat
D
I was an introvert (内向的人) by nature. For as long as I rememberputting on a sincere smile when meeting someone had never been easy. The key to a sincere smile however, is simple. It’s to be excited. But that’s the source of the problem. When meeting people, instead of being excited, I often felt upset.
But we all know friends are important. The more friends you have, the more opportunities you get, whether it’s job opportunities, a romantic relationship, or business partners. So a smile is important to make others feel comfortable. Mother Teresa said, “Every time you smile at someone, it is an action of love, a gift to that person, a beautiful thing.”
The smile I’m now talking about is not to make a face to cashiers(收银员) or waiters. I’m talking about those wide smiles you make when meeting old friends. So I’ve discovered a trick. And I call this technique(技巧) “Oh, it’s Jamie!” When I meet someone, I imagine an old friend of mine called Jamie who was my first friend when we were still kids. It’s no secret why my smile is as wide as I can possibly make. And it’s not just the smile, but my tone and attitude that turn warm as well.
And the best part, whenever you’re friendly to others, they turn friendly in return. You’re not hearing this from me. Some research done by scientists actually backs this claim. So do remember to give it a try.
Three years ago at the age of 23, I took a long hard look at my life and decided that I was nothing. Tired of my life, I set about making dramatic changes and now I have become a popular writer. My success reflects(显示) that nothing is too difficult if you try bravely.
32. What do we know from Mother Teresa’s words in Paragraph 2?
A. We can’t live without the help of our friends.
B. A smile is important to make others feel comfortable.
C. Many people don’t know the importance of a smile.
D. People who always smile are sure to have many friends.
33. Which of the following sayings can we infer from the passage?
A. A friend in need is a friend indeed.	B. Every road leads to Rome.
C. A good beginning is half success.	D. Try and try, never say die.
34. The author writes this passage mainly to ________.
A. tell us how to make friends	B. tell us how he achieves success
C. encourage us to perfect our smile	D. describe what a sincere smile is
35. From Paragraph 1 we learn that the author ________.
A. found it difficult to show a sincere smile to people
B. felt excited but nervous when meeting people
C. became an introvert because of his surroundings
D. didn’t want to smile at others
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
How to Be a Great Best Friend
Everyone wants to be a great best friend but doesn’t know how or where to start that perfect friendship. The following will help you.
Be your own best friend first.   36   If you can’t respect yourself, then you can’t respect others. Understand what values are important to you and stick to them. Seek out others who honor those values because you’ll only end up hurting yourself and possibly others if those people don’t have the same values as you.
Trust each other.   37   All you have to do really is make sure you can both trust each other. Don’t try to trick or use your friend to your advantage; you need to make them know they can trust you. 
Learn to listen. Nobody likes a best friend who just talks and talks, but never listens. If you’re a chatterbox, try to develop good listening skills. Whenever your best friend says something, listen carefully and say something.   38   If they ask for advice, listen carefully and give them the best advice you can.
Care for your best friend. If your best friend is upset, ask them what’s wrong, They might not tell you straight away, but they should in the end.   39   Understand that certain things are private, and trust that they’d be just as patient with you if you were in their shoes.
Let your friend have other friends, too. If your best friend picks another friend over you, try to be friends with their friend too.   40   Everyone is always looking for new friends. But never leave the old one; your loyalty(忠诚) is what the other person expects and counts on every day.
	A. Learn how to respect yourself.
	B. Maybe you guys can be a group of friends!
	C. Don’t interrupt while they’re talking to you.   
	D. Best friends are the most valuable friends you have.
	E. If they don’t tell you, don’t get angry at them.
	F. To be a great best friend really doesn’t take much.
	G. Take time out of your day to appreciate the funny things in life.
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完型填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上涂黑。
Personally I think trains are exciting and romantic. I must  41  that trains are not important means of transportation in the US, but I do have some  42  with them.
When I was a child, growing up in a small town with very little  43 , we used to go to the station to watch the passenger trains coming in. There was something  44  about the steaming, roaring string of cars coming into view around the mountains,  45  growing larger and louder and finally  46  crowds of strangers onto the platform.
I took my  47  train trip when I was ten years old. I went with my elder sister to visit our cousins six hundred miles away. The train—so loud and violent on the outside—was  48  and rocking inside. We were very excited, and as that was also our first time away from our parents, we felt somewhat frightened too. However, because I had  49  so much, I was a little disappointed when I was finally one of the passengers I had  50  for so long.
As a college student, I  51  ride overnight train to my roommate’s hometown. We could never afford a  52 , so we played cards, sang, ate, read and talked  53   we finally fell uncomfortably asleep in the straight-backed seats.
My idea that trains are  54  may come from the fact that my husband and I took the train on our honeymoon(蜜月假期), spending extra money to eat in the dinning car, and  55  the window as the desert scenery slid past.
Now, when I make a trip, I always fly or drive, and  56  are not a very important part of my life.  57 , every time I hear the train whistle faraway on a quiet night, I can always feel the sudden  58  in my heart to pack my bags and jump on board, entering a  59  world of motions, sounds, sights and experience which just aren’t  60  in the dull environment of an airplane. 
41. A. predict	B. believe	C. admit	D. ensure
42. A. trouble 		B. experience 	C. photos 	D. fun
43. A. education   	B. money 	C. work 	D. entertainment
44. A. boring  	B. satisfying 	C. exciting 	D. terrifying
45. A. slowly    	B. absolutely	C. unusually 	D. rapidly  
46. A. removing    	B. throwing 	C. pouring 	D. shooting  
47. A. only     	B. first   	C. second 	D. last  
48. A. rough   	B. small 	C. big 	D. gentle  
49. A. expected 	B. knew  	C. thought  	D. experienced
50. A. waited      	B. watched 	C. appreciated 	D. trusted
51. A. used to  	B. ought to  	C. could 	D. must
52. A. ticket     	B. meal  	C. seat 	D. sleeper
53. A. until      	B. since  	C. before 	D. after  
54. A. exciting    	B. romantic  	C. beautiful 	D. comfortable   
55. A. standing by   B. leaning against 	C. sitting beside  	D. looking out of
56. A. planes 	B. cars 	C. trains 	D. boats
57. A. Still	B. Therefore	C. Indeed 	D. Instead
58. A. admiration 	B. preference 	C. wish 	D. relaxation
59. A. common 	B. gentle 	C. quiet 	D. unique
60. A. mentioned 	B. matched 	C. discussed  	D. allowed
第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,共15分)
阅读下面材料,在题后空白处填入适当的内容(每空一词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Mr. Johnson lived in the woods with his wife and children. He owned a farm, which looked almost abandoned. 61(lucky), he also had a cow 
62       (produce) milk every day. He sold or exchanged some of the milk in the towns nearby for other food and made cheese and butter for the family with what 63       (leave). The cow was their only means of support, in fact. One day, the cow was eating grass 64        it began to rain heavily. While making great 
65       (effort) to run away, she 66       (fall) over the hill and died. Then Johnson tried to make 67        living without the cow. In order to support his family, Mr. Johnson began to plant herbs(草药and vegetables. Since the plants took a while to grow, he started cutting down trees 68       (sell) the wood. Thinking about his children’s clothes, he started growing cotton too. When harvest came around, he was already selling herbs, vegetables and cotton in the market 
69        people from the town met regularly. Now 70        occurred to him that his farm had much potential and that the death of the cow was a bit of luck.
第三部分写作(共两节满分35分)
第一节短文改错(10分)
假定英语课上老四师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号∧,并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线 \ 划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
  Yesterday I went to see a film with my best friend Kate. We set off at 1:30 in the 
afternoon and plan to arrive at the cinema before 2:30 so that we could watch the 3:15 show. The traffic was terrible bad. That made it even worse was that our bus broke up on the way. They stopped a taxi but rushed to the show. “Two ticket for 3:15,” Kate said, put the money on the counter. The film started at the moment we sat down in the cinema. It was an exciting film and we had great time yesterday afternoon.
第二节:书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,笔友 Tom在学习和生活中困扰请你给回一封信,提出相应的建议。
面临的困扰:1.学习有困难;2.与同学相处不好;3.沉迷于网络……相应的建议:1.多……;2.真诚待人…………
注意:1. 词数100左右;2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3. 首句已给出,不计入总词数。
1~23 ABB   24~27 CBDA  28-31 BACC  32~35 BDCA
36—40 AFCEB
完形填空:
41-45 CBDCA   46-50 CBDAB   51-55 ADABD   56-60 CACDB
语篇填空:
61. Luckily 62. producing 63. was left 64. when 65. efforts 66. fell 67. a 68. to sell 69. where 70. it
改错:
1. plan—planned 2. terrible—terribly 3. That—What 4. up—down 5. They—We 
6. but—and 7. ticket—tickets 8. put—putting/and put 9. 去掉at 10. great前加a
作文:
Possible version:
Dear ,
I’m sorry to hear that you have some problems in your life. I’d like to offer you some advice on how to solve the problems. About the study you have mentioned, I suggest that you spend more time and put your heart into it. After all, no pains, no gains. Work hard, and your efforts will pay off in time. As to how to get along well with your classmates, you should remember that kindness is very important. I believe that so long as you are kind to your classmates, you will be able to make friends with them. Lastly, although the Internet is very helpful in finding information, you should not be addicted to it. It is important to make good use of your time to study. I hope that you will find my advice useful and that everything will be OK. I am looking forward to hearing from you.
Best wishes.














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