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山东省泰安市宁阳一中2017-2018学年高二上学期阶段性考试二英语试卷

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宁阳一中高二年级上学期阶段性考试二
        英 语 试 题     2017年12月 
本试卷共12页,满分150分,考试用时120分钟。
注意事项:
答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上。
选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,写在试题卷、草稿纸上均无效。
非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题纸上对应的答题区域内,写在试题卷、草稿纸上均无效。

第Ⅰ卷(共100分)

第一部分 听力(共两节,每小题1.5分,满分 30 分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 
第一节(共5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 
1. What will Peter do later?
  A. Take a bath.			B. Do the laundry.			C. Make a call.
2. Where is Tina?
  A. In the park.			B. In the garden.			C. In the bedroom.
3. What does the man mean?
  A. Jenny needs less time to do it.
  B. Jenny needs one hour to do it.
  C. The rest don’t want to do it. 
4. What does the man want?
  A. A blue sweater.		B. A purple sweater.		C. A blue coat. 
5. What does the man advise the woman to do?
  A. Count numbers.		B. Try some pills.	        C. Listen to some rock music. 
第二节(共15小题:每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A.B.C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间。阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What is the news about?
  A. A match.				B. A party.			    C. A concert.
7. What are they going to do tomorrow?
  A. Do some shopping.		B. Go to Helen’s Park.		C. Prepare some food.
听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。
8. What do we know about the woman?
  A. She left her car unlocked.            
B. She went to work by bus today.
  C. She lost her car in Ludlow Street.
9. When did the woman start her work today?
  A. At eight.				B. At nine.				    C. At ten. 
10. Where are the two speakers most probably?
   A. In a garage.			B. At the police station.			C. In a company. 
听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。
11. What is Mike going to do?
   A. Go home.			B. Visit his cousin.				C. Go to the hospital. 
12. Which bus can’t Mike take?
   A. The No. 21 bus.		B. The No. 812 bus.		    C. The No. 821 bus. 
13. How will Mike get there finally?
   A. By taxi.				B. By bus.				    C. On foot. 
听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。
14. What time is it now?
   A. It’s 8:50.			B. It’s 9:00.			    C. It’s 9:10.
15. What do we know about the woman?
   A. She is ill.			B. She is patient.			C. She is feeling better.
16. What has the man decided to do?
   A. Take a day off.		B. Go to the hospital.		C. Stay for a moment. 
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Where did Tomas leave his car?
   A. Near a square.		B. At a parking place.		C. In a narrow street.
18. When did Tomas arrive?
   A. At 4:20.				B. At 4:40.			    C. At 5:00.
19. Where was Tomas’s car when he found it?
   A. Behind a larger one.	B. Before a larger one. 	    C. By the dentist’s.
20. Where did Tomas put his keys?
   A. In his pocket.		B. In his car.				C. In his bag.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
I was reading these interesting stories behind a group of great logos in the world. Personally Nike is my favorite one—it’s so simple. And I liked the stories behind them, which made me forget all other things. McDonald’s, Apple, Mercedes Benz and Adidas own great logos as well, and they are among my favorites.
Nike
In the Greek myth, Nike is the goddess of victory and the source of inspiration for soldiers. This logo represents the wing in the famous statue of the Greek goddess. Nike’s logo was designed by Carolyn Davidson in 1971 for $ 35, and was registered as a trademark in 1995.
McDonald’s
The logo was designed in 1962 by Jim Schindler to resemble the arch shaped (拱形的) signs on the side of the company’s then walk-up hamburger stand. Later on, the two golden arches were combined together to form the M. The McDonald’s name was added to the logo in 1968.
Apple
There are different stories behind Apple’s logo. The first logo was a reference to the religious story of Adam and Eve, in which the apple represented the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge. One year later, the second logo was designed in 1977 by Steven Jobs and Ronald Wayne, and it described Sir Isaac Newton sitting under an apple tree. This logo didn’t stay long. One year later it was replaced almost immediately by graphic designer Rob Janoff’s “rainbow apple”, a rainbow-colored silhouette (轮廓) of an apple with a bite taken out of it. And then the rainbow-colored apple was replaced by the one-colored logo in 1998. It has not been changed so far.
Mercedes Benz
The Mercedes Benz logo, which was originally created by Gottlieb Daimler in 1909, consists of a simple description of a three- pointed star that represents its rule of the land, the sea and the air. The company was founded by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach. Mercedes is the name of Maybach’s elder daughter, while Benz came as a result of a combination with Benz, Cie. and DMG in 1926.
21. What does the author think of the stories of the great logos?
A. They are boring.	B. They are attractive 
C. They are out of date.	D. They are practical 
22. What does Nike’s logo stand for?
A. The goddess of victory 
B. The source of inspiration for soldiers 
C. The wing of the Greek goddess 
D. The statue of the Greek goddess 
We can learn that Apple’s present logo is______.
A. the religious story of Adam and Eve 
B. Newton’s sitting under an apple tree
C. a bitten apple with only one color 
D. the rainbow-colored bitten apple 
Which of the following time orders describes the births of the great logos?
A. Nike – McDonald’s – Apple – Mercedes Benz.
B. Mercedes Benz – McDonald’s – Nike – Apple. 
C. Mercedes Benz – Apple – Nike –McDonald’s. 
D. Nike –Mercedes Benz –McDonald’s – Apple.
B
It was a village in India. The people were poor. However, they were not unhappy. After all, their forefathers had lived in the same way for centuries.
    Then one day, some visitors from the city arrived. They told the villagers there were some people elsewhere who liked to eat frog's legs. However, they did not have enough frogs of their own, so they wanted to buy frogs from other places.
    This seemed like money for nothing. There were millions of frogs in the fields around, and they were no use to the villagers. All they had to do was catch them. Agreement was reached, and the children were sent into the fields to catch frogs. Every week a truck arrived to collect the catch and hand over the money. For the first time, the people were able to dream of a better future.
    But the dream didn't last long. The change was hardly noticed at first, but it seemed as if the crops were not doing so well. More worrying was that the children fell ill more often, and, there seemed to be more insects around lately.
    The villagers decided that they couldn't just wait to see the crops failing and the children getting weak. They would have to use the money earned to buy pesticides(杀虫剂) and medicines. Soon there was no money left.
    Then the people realized what was happening. It was the frog. They hadn't been useless. They had been doing an important job --- eating insects. Now with so many frogs killed, the insects were increasing more rapidly. They were damaging the crops and spreading diseases.
    Now, the people are still poor. But in the evenings they sit in the village square and listen to sounds of insects and frogs. These sounds of the night now have a much deeper meaning.
25. Why did the villagers agree to sell frogs?
A. The frogs made too much noise.		 B. They need money to buy medicine.
C. They wanted to please the visitors.      D. The frogs were easy money.
26. What might be the cause of the children's sickness?
A. The crops didn't do well.			 	B. The visitors brought in diseases.
C. There were too many insects.        	D. The pesticides were overused.
27. What can we infer(推断) from the last sentence of the text?
A. Good old days will never be forgotten. 
B. Health is more important than money.
C. Happiness comes from peaceful life in the country.  
D. The harmony between humans and nature is important. 
C
Owls and Larks
Larks are most likely to be healthy, wealthy and wise, according to the old saying. But those who are early to bed and early to rise do not always have the upper hand, researchers say. They have found that night owls are generally brighter and wealthier than those able to get up early in the morning.
Experts from the University of Madrid carried out tests on around 1,000 teenagers and found that those who preferred to stay up late demonstrated the kind of intelligence associated with honored jobs and higher incomes. ‘Larks’ or ‘morning people’, however, often acquired better exam results, possibly because lessons are held at the wrong time of day for night owls. The researchers examined the habits and body clocks of the youngsters to determine whether they liked to stay up late and sleep in later in the morning, or preferred to go to bed early and were at their peak in the morning. School performance and inductive ( 归纳 的) intelligence, or problem solving, were measured and academic grades in the major subjects were also taken into account. The results showed that evening types scored higher than morning types on inductive reasoning, which has been shown to be a good estimate of general intelligence and a strong indicator of academic performance. They also had a greater capacity to think conceptually as well as analytically. Such abilities have been linked to innovative thinking, more admired occupations and better incomes.
Famous night owls include President Obama, Charles Darwin, Winston Churchill, Keith Richards and Elvis Presley. George W Bush, who is regularly in bed by 10 pm, Thomas Edison, Napoleon, Condoleezza Rice who wakes at 4.30 am, and Ernest Hemingway are among those known as larks. Jim Horne, professor of psychophysiology at Loughborough University, said, “Evening types tend to be the more active and creative types, the poets, artists and inventors, while the morning types are the deducers (推断者), as are often seen with civil servants and accountants.” A previous study of US Air Force recruits found evening types were much better at thinking to solve problems than larks.
28. What does the word “owl” mean in the text?
A. A bird of prey that flies at night
B. A kind of person who stays up late
C. A kind of person who gets up early
D. A bird of prey that is a symbol of wisdom
29. The following features belong to night owls EXCEPT that_______.
A. Night owls are much healthier, wealthier and wiser
B. Night owls stay up late and sleep later in the morning
C. Night owls have a strong ability of inductive reasoning
D. Night owls are expert in analyzing and innovative thinking
30. What’s the author’s attitude towards night owls?
A. Doubtful.	   B. Objective. 	  C. Subjective.	   D. Negative.
31. According to the passage, which of the following is true?
A. The early bird will catch the worm.
B. Morning types have a tendency to do some creative jobs.
C. Night owls usually do poorer in the examinations than larks.
D. President Obama and George W Bush are models of night owls.
D
Downloading music over the Internet is pretty common among high school and college students. However, when students download and share copyrighted music without permission, they are against the law.
  A survey of young people’s music ownership has found that teenagers and college students have an average of more than 800 illegally copied songs each on their digital music players.Half of those surveyed share all the music on their hard drive (硬盘), enabling others to copy hundreds of songs at any one time. Some students were found to have randomly linked their personal blogs to music sites, so as to allow free trial listening of copyrighted songs for blog visitors, or adopted some of the songs as the background music for their blogs. Such practices may be easy and free, but there are consequences.
  Sandra Dowd, a student of Central Michigan University, was fined US$7,500 for downloading 501 files from Lime Wire, a peer-to-peer file sharing program. Sandra claimed that she was unaware that her downloads were illegal until she was contacted by authorities. Similarly, Mike Lewinski paid US$4,000 to settle a lawsuit(起诉)against him for copyright violation (违反). Mike expressed shock and couldn’t believe that this was happening to him. “I just wanted to save some money and I always thought the threat was just a scare tactic(战术).” “You know, everyone does it,” added Mike.
  The RIAA (Recording Industry Association of America), the organization that files lawsuits against illegal downloaders, states that suing (控告) students was by no means their first choice. Unfortunately, without the threat of consequences, students are just not changing their behavior. Education alone is not enough to stop the extraordinary growth of the illegal downloading practice.
32. Why is it common for students to download copyrighted music?
A. They want their friends to know that they are smart.
B. They don’t think that they will be caught.
C. They think it is a good way to make some extra money.
D. They are against copyright protection over Internet music.
33. What does Mike mean by saying that “the threat was just a scare tactic”?
A. One should not be afraid of threats.
B. A lawsuit will result from the threat.
C. No serious consequence will follow the threat.
D. It is unfair to scare people with a threat.
34. What is RIAA’s attitude towards students’ illegal downloading behavior?
A. They believe that education will help greatly in protecting copyrights.
B. They profit from the fines illegal downloaders pay for copyright violations.
C. They like to sue students for downloading music illegally from the Internet.
D. They think that illegal downloading behavior needs tough measures to correct.
35. What’s the best title for this passage?
A. Copyright Violators, Beware!
B. How to Get Free Music Online!
C. A Survey of Students’ Downloading Habits
D. Get rid of Illegal Music Download? Impossible!
第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。(选项E涂AB,选项F涂AC, 选项G涂AD)

Taking good notes is a time-saving skill that will help you to become a better student in several ways.  36  Second, your notes are excellent materials to refer to when you are studying for a test. Third, note-taking offers variety to your study time and helps you to hold your interest. 
You will want to take notes during classroom discussions and while reading a textbook or doing research for a report.  3 Whenever or however you take notes, keep in mind that note-taking is a selective(选择性的) process.  3 The following methods may work best for you.
●Read the text quickly to find the main facts and ideas in it.
●Carefully read the text and watch for words that can show main points and supporting facts.
●Write your notes in your own words.
● 3 ●Note any questions or ideas you may have about what was said or written.
As you take notes, you may want to use your own shorthand (速记).When you do, be sure that you understand your symbols and that you use them all the time.   
A. Otherwise (否则), you may not be able to read your notes later.
B. There are three practical note-taking methods.
C. First, the simple act of writing something down makes it easier for you to understand and remember it.
D. Use words, not complete sentences.
E. That means you must first decide what is important enough to include in your notes.
F. You will also want to develop your own method for taking notes.
G. You must write your notes on separate paper.
第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分) 
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 
I was on a plane that was about to take off when my phone rang. I felt something   41      had happened. It was my neighbor saying I needed to get to the   42   at once. She explained that she’d  43   my two boys, George, then five, and Mickey, then four, crying. At first, she had   44 it, but when the crying continued for a long time, she   45  something was wrong. So she came round and discovered my wife, Mary, lying on the    46   floor. She had been emptying the dishwasher   47   a live wire fell and touched her.
Mary was taken to hospital. When I arrived, doctors were trying to rescue her, but there was no  48  . I explained to the boys that Mum had died; I felt it was important to be    49    with them. For a year I was in a suffering   50   of mind. I went through the activities of a father but inside I felt   51 .
Later, I felt I had to honor my love for Mary by not breaking  52  . She married me because I was a  53  man and I knew I had to carry on and actively chose to swim rather than   54  .
We moved to another city but two years later, I was diagnosed with cancer. The anxiety that had been gone came   55  back—would my boys be left with no parents?  56   , the disease was in its early stage and doctors could treat it in time.
   57   everything happening to me, I realized merely thinking “why me” doesn’t   58	. We have to learn to accept and adapt to the	59	it has brought about. It is no use thinking about the past or being worried about the future. Instead, just focus on the  60  .

41. A. amazing		B. awful			C. strange		D. exciting
42. A. house			B. exit			C. hospital		D. entrance
43. A. seen			B. sensed			C. recognized		D. heard
44. A. hesitated		B. ignored		C. imagined		D. confused
45. A. wondered		B. predicted		C. realized		D. expected
46. A. bathroom		B. bedroom		C. toilet			D. kitchen
47. A. while			B. when			C. until			D. as
48. A. sign			B. doubt			C. point			D. breath
49. A. clear			B. familiar		C. strict			D. pleased
50. A. situation		B. state			C. condition		D. occasion
51. A. curiously		B. lively			C. coldly			D. lonely 
52. A. up				B. away			C. down			D. off
53. A. rich			B. considerate	C. handsome		D. strong
54. A. dive			B. fall			C. sink			D. float
55. A. flooding		B. returning		C. looking		D. calling
56. A. Gradually		B. Personally		C. Thankfully		D. Eventually
57. A. For			B. With			C. As			D. Through
58. A. matter			B. affect			C. count			D. help
59. A. changes		B. experiences	C. disabilities		D. decisions
60. A. honor			B. present		C. activity		D. life

第 II 卷(共 50 分)

第三部分 英语知识运用
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
   There was a man   61  raised a pig. He felt   62  (tire) of it and was  63  (determine) to give it up.   64   the pig always knew the way to go home so that the man couldn’t succeed in   65   (do) so several times.
One day, the man   66   (drive) his car, turning many  67  (time) on the way, then gave it up. Late at night, he found he was in trouble. He telephoned to his relative and asked    68    (hope), “Hasn’t the pig returned home this time?”
A member of his family answered, “It has! And where are you now?”
The man shouted, “I don’t know. I am  69  (lose)!”
“What can we do for you?”
“Turn  70  the pig! Let it answer the telephone.” The man burst.
第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分35分)
单词拼写(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)
根据所给首字母或汉语提示,结合句意,写出空缺处各单词的正确形式
71. I can’t _______(评价) his ability without seeing his work. The library in the city is a_________ to people at weekends.
73. They studied the German market to find the ________(潜力;潜能) there for investment.
74. He was waiting for his brother’s return with a________ .
75. The oldest general was ________ (任命) marshal of the armies.
第二节  单句改错(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)
每句只有一处错误,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改仅限一词。
      2.每句只允许一处,多者不计分。
76.  I show my sincere congratulations to your graduation from Beijing University.

77. Sunshine is of great beneficial to plants.


78. You performance in the exam didn’t reach the required standard; in the other words, you failed.

79. We used to sit around discuss our dreams.

80. The young assistance often assists us in preparing tools for experiments.

书面表达(满分25分) 
假如你叫李明,在伦敦学习期间,你呆在 Jonathan 的家里。请你给 Jonathan 写一封电子邮件表示感谢,并邀请他明年暑假来你家。
内容要点:
1. 感谢 Jonathan 让你住在他家;
2. 他们给你创造了一个很好的家庭氛围;
3. 明年你将中学毕业,届时你将有两个月的假期,你和家人诚邀 Jonathan 暑期来山东度假。
注意:
1.词数:100 词左右。
2.内容应包括以上要点,并适当增加细节,以使内容连贯
3.短文开头已写好,但不计入总词数. 
4.提示词汇: 氛围:atmosphere
Dear Jonathan,
I can’t tell you how much I appreciated your kindness in letting me stay at your home when I was in 
London.__________________________________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
   Yours sincerely,
                                                            Li Ming
宁阳一中高二年级上学期段考二
英语试题答案    2017.12
第一部分 听力

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
21 -24 BCCB      25-27 DCD
28-31BABC       32-35 BCDA
36—40 CFEDA
第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45) 第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
  46-50 DBCAB 51-55 DCDCA  56-60 CBDAB
第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
61. 2. tired  63. determined 64. But   65. doing
66.drove  67. times  68. hopefully    69. lost 70. to 
第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35)
第一节:单词拼写
71.evaluate  72.accessible  73.potential  74. anxiety 75. appointed
第二节:单句改错
76. tot改为on  77. beneficial 改为benefit 78. 去掉第三个the 
79.around后加to  80. assistance改为assistant
第节 书面表达 【参考范文】
One possible version:
Dear Jonathan,
    I can’t tell you how much I appreciated your kindness in letting me stay at your home while I was in London. It was a delight to see a loving family. You kept me company and created a great home atmosphere for me. I shall always treasure the time when we were together.
    Next summer, I will graduate from senior high school and it will be about two months before I go to university, so my parents and I would really like you to come here on vacation. There are a lot of beautiful and historic places in Shandong. I’m sure you will like it. Meanwhile, we will have a nice time and enjoy ourselves again. 
I’m looking forward to your reply. Please send my best regards to your parents! 
                                                       Yours sincerely, 
Li Ming














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