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内蒙古杭锦后旗奋斗中学2017-2018学年高二下学期第一次月考英语试卷

资料类别: 英语/试题

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所属地区: 内蒙古

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奋斗中学2017—2018年第二学期第一次月考试题
高二英语
(本试卷满分120分, 答题时间分钟)
第部分 阅读理解(共两节, 满分0分)
第一节 (共1小题, 每小题2分, 满分分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
The National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC has thousands of objects on display, including the 1903 Wright Flyer, Charles Lindbergh’s Spirit of St. Louis, the Apollo 11 Command Module Columbia, and a lunar rock you can touch. In addition to our exhibition gallery, you may want to visit the Albert Einstein Planetarium, Lockheed Martin IMAX Theater, and the Public Observatory on the east end. There are many things to do at the Museum in DC. We offer daily tours and educational activities for both children and adults. We also have scheduled lectures and events throughout the year. 
Hours & Admission: Open every day except December 25. Admission is free.
Regular Hours: 10:00 am to 5:30 pm 
Extended Hours: 10:00 am to 7:30 pm
December 26---30, 2014 
March 30---April 20, 2015
Friday and Saturdays, April 24---May 16, 2015 
May 17---September 7, 2015
VISITING TIPS:
Limit the Number of Bags: All visitors are screened through metal detector upon entry. The fewer items you bring inside the Museum, the faster your entry. Before you visit, please review the list of prohibited items, which include pocket knives and tripods(三脚架). Visitors carrying prohibited items will not be allowed inside the Museum, so please leave them at home or in your car. 
No Food or Drink: Only bottled water is permitted in the Museum. You may only consume food and other drinks in the Food and Drink Court, not in the Museum. Groups who bring food are encouraged to picnic on the National Hall. 
Please Take Photos: You are welcome to take photos for personal use. However, tripods and monopods(单脚架) are not permitted without approval. 
First Aid: The Museum has a First Aid office and a nurse on duty. Please contact the nearest security officer or the Welcome Center for assistance.
Visit the Welcome Center: At our Welcome Center in the South Lobby, staff and volunteers can answer any questions you have during your visit. 
Open: 10:00 am to 5:30 pm
Phone: 202-633-2214
E-mail: NASM-VisitorService@si.edu
21.According to the passage, the National Air and Space Museum is a museum _________.
A.where only adults can take part in some educational activities
B.where one can touch anything he likes 
C.everyone can pay a visit to without buying tickets
D.everyone can visit without time limits all the year round. 
22. If the Greens plan to visit the Museum at 6:00pm, it is accessible on _______.
A.December 24, 2014(Wednesday)       B.March 1, 2015(Sunday)
C.September 15, 2015(Tuesday)         D.July 6, 2015 (Monday) 
23. A visitor to the Museum can _______.
A.get some medical treatment if he suddenly falls ill 
B.take photos with tripods for personal use
C.bring fewer bags to go through metal detectors 
D.eat and drink in the Museum or in the Food Court
24. The purpose of this passage is to _______.
A.attract people to explore the universe 
B.make an advertisement for the Museum
C.encourage adults to bring their children here 
D.show what is on display in the Museum 
                             B
Shay and his father had walked past a park where some boys Shay knew were playing baseball. Shay asked, 揇o you think theyi’ll let me play?Shay ’s father knew that most of the boys would not want someone like Shay on their team, but the father also understood that if his son, mentally and physically disabled, were allowed to play, it would give him a much-needed sense of belonging and some confidence. 
Shay’s father approached one of the boys on the field and asked if Shay could play, not expecting much.The boy looked around and said, “We’re losing by six runs (分) and the game is in the eighth inning (局).I guess he can be on our team and we’ll try to put him in to bat in the final inning. 
 Shay struggled over to the team’s bench and put on a team shirt with a broad smile and his father had a small tear in his eye and warmth in his heart.The boys saw the father’s joy at his son being accepted. 
In the bottom of the eighth inning, Shay’s team scored a few runs but was still behind by three.In the top of the final inning, Shay put on a glove and played in the field.Even though no hits came his way, he was obviously joyful just to be in the game and on the field.In the bottom of the final inning, Shay’s team scored again.Now, Shay was scheduled to be next at bat.Would they let Shay bat and give away their chance to win the game?
Surprisingly, Shay was given the bat.Everyone knew that a hit was almost impossible.The first pitch (投) came and Shay missed.The pitcher again took a few steps forward to throw the ball softly towards Shay.As the pitch came in , Shay swung at the ball and hit a slow ground ball right back to the pitcher. 
The pitcher could have easily thrown the ball to the first baseman and Shay would have been out and that would have been the end of the game . Instead, the pitcher threw the ball right over the head of the first baseman, beyond the reach of all teammates, The audience and the players from both teams started screaming,“Shay, run to first!” Never in his life had Shay ever run that far but made it to first base, wide-eyed and shocked. 
Everyone shouted, “Run to second!” Catching his breath, Shay awkwardly ran towards second.By the time Shay rounded towards second base, the smallest guy on their team, who had a chance to be the hero for his team for the first time, could have thrown the ball to the second baseman, but he understood the pitcher’s intentions and he too intentionally threw the ball high and far over the third baseman’s head. 
All were screaming,“Shay,Shay,Shay,all the way Shay.” Shay reached third base when one opposing player ran to help him and shouted, “Shay, run to third.” As Shay rounded third, all were on their feet, crying,“Shay, run home!”Shay ran to home, stepped on the home base and was cheered as the hero who won the game for his team. 
That day, the boys from both teams helped bring a piece of true love and humanity into this world.Shay didn’t make it to another summer and died that winter, having never forgotten being the hero and making his father so happy and coming home and seeing his mother tearfully hug her little hero of the day!
Not expecting much, Shay’s father still asked the boy if Shay could play, mainly   
because the father _________. 
A.noticed some of the boys on the field were hesitating
B.understood Shay did need a feeling of being accepted
C.learned some of the boys on the field knew Shay well
D.guessed his presence would affect the boy’s decision
26.In the bottom of the final inning Shay was given the bat because the boys______. 
A.would like to help Shay enjoy the game
B.believed they were sure to win the game
C.found Shay was so eager to be a winner
D.fell forced to give Shay another chance
27.The smallest boy threw the ball high and far over the third baseman’s head, probably because that boy ________. 
A.failed to throw the ball to the second baseman
B.looked forward to winning the game for his team
C.was obviously aware of the pitcher’s purpose
D.saw that Shay already reached second base
28.What to you think is the theme of the story ?
A.The results of the game should not be the only concern of the players.
B.Everyone has his own strength even if mentally or physically disabled. 
C.Everyone can develop his team spirit in sports and please his parents. 
D.True human nature could be realized in the way we treat each other.
   C
The idea of being able to walk on water has long interested humans greatly. Sadly, biological facts prevent us ever accomplishing such a thing without artificial aid--we simply weigh too much, and all our mass pushes down through our relatively small feet, resulting in a lot of pressure that makes us sink.
However, several types of animals can walk on water. One of the most interesting is the common basilisk Basilicus basilicus, a lizard (蜥蜴) native to Central and South America. It can run across water for a distance of several meters, avoiding getting wet by rapidly hitting the water’s surface with its feet. The lizard will take as many as 20 steps per second to keep moving forward.For humans to do this, we’d need huge feet that we could bring up to our ears in order to create adequate “hitting”.
But fortunately there is an alternative: cornflour. By adding enough of this common thickening agent to water (and it does take a lot), you can create a “non-Newtonian” liquid that doesn’t behave like normal water. Now, if the surface of the water is hit hard enough, particles(粒子) in the water group together for a moment to make the surface hard. Move quickly enough and put enough force into each step, and you really can walk across the surface of an adequately thick liquid of cornflour.
Fun though all this may sound, it’s still rather messy and better read about in theory than carried out in practice, if you must do it, then keep the water wings handy in case you start to sink -and take a shower afterward!

29. Walking on water hasn’t become a reality mainly because humans _________
A.are not interested in it
B.are afraid to make an attempt
C.have not invented proper tools
D.have biological limitations
30.What do we know about Basiilius basilicus from the passage?
A.It can run across water at a certain speed.
B.Its huge feet enable it to stay above water.
C.It is light enough to walk on water.
D.Its unique skin keeps it from getting wet in watch
31.What is the function of the cornflour according to the passage?
A. To help the liquid behave normally.
B. To turn the water into solid.
C. To create a thick liquid.  
D. To enable the water to rove rapidly.
32. What is the author’s attitude toward the idea of humans’ walking on water?
A.It is risky but beneficial.
B.It is impractical though theoretically possible.
C. It is crazy and cannot become a reality.
D. It is interesting and worth trying.
 D
Children often suffer pain and insecurity when their parents separate. When my ex-husband and I split up after 10 years of marriage, our daughter was 5 years old and my son only 3. We decided to consult a psychologist about the best way to explain this new situation to the children. She shared with us this special story about a land turtle and a sea turtle, which we then used to help them better comprehend.
  Once upon a time,a land turtle ( Mommy) met a sea turtle ( Daddy) close to a beautiful shore. Soon they fell deeply in love and decided to get married. For a time, they continued to live at the water’s edge so that Mommy could sit on the sand and keep dry and warm, while Daddy sat in the shallow water to keep cool. A few years later two baby turtles arrived ( you both!). They were very special indeed and looked a little like each of their parents.
  But as the years went by, Daddy sea turtle started spending more and more time in the ocean as he traveled deeper and deeper to look for pearls. Mommy land turtle also started wandering up into the sands to hunt for food in the woods. Little by little, Daddy and Mommy turtle started to drift further and further apart. Finally one day,Mommy and Daddy turtle decided they didn’t want to live together anymore. The little turtles continued to spend time with each of their parents. They made lots of friends with all the fish,dolphins and whales in the ocean and also many friends with the rabbits, deer, and foxes in the woods. In fact they grew up to be a new kind of turtle that could live both in the ocean and on the land.
Over the years, this tale of the land and sea turtle has helped my children cope with and accept the fact that my marriage to their father was over. They know that we once loved each other very much and they were born out of true love.
33.When the parents divorce,their children often feel________.
 A. relieved     B. annoyed     C.pleased     D. unsafe
34.In the third paragraph, the underlined phrase“drift…apart”probably means____.
 A. become disconnected   B. make sense    C. break down     D. get excited
35. We can probably find the passage in the column“_________”
A. Culture      B. Parenting      C. Career     D. Education   
第二节 (共5小题, 每小题2分, 满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。’re doing what you’ re supposed to be doing with your life? What if you have potential talents that could lead you to a new path and change everything for the better? 36  The following tips will help you discover your potential strength.
. Do what you love.
One sure way to get yourself moving in the right direction is to do more of the things that make you feel good.  37  That might lead to writing a book or a movie or a career in writing. If baking treats for friends and neighbors gives you great pleasure, take it one step further. Upgrade your packaging and look into selling your goodies at a local market.
. Complete some assessment activities.
    38   While none of them is perfect, each of them can help you realize the types of your strengths.
.    39    
It’s not always easy to self-identify what we’re good at. So go and ask your friends what they think your strengths are. You might be surprised at what they have to say. Are you creative, organized, or socially outgoing? Sometimes your friends are more aware of your strengths than you.
. Find a guide.
If you have an idea of where your potential strengths lie,it may help to find a person who has achieved success in a related area. Chances are that your guide would be happy to share tips and motivations to help you. Use this relationship to get 
hands-on experience.  40  Ask the owner of a shop you admire if you can work part -time or volunteer in order to learn the business and see if it suits you.
 A. Ask your friends.
B. Turn to your teachers for help.
C. Stop wondering and start doing.
D. If you love to write, start a blog now.
E. Setting a goal helps you identify a potential strength.
F. There are many free self-evaluation tools on the Internet.
G. Do you think you might want to open a bookstore or cafe?
第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分45分)
第一节 完形填空 (共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项As I held my father’s hands one night, I couldn’t help but notice their calluses(老茧)and roughness. His hands tell the story of his life as a        , including all his struggles.    One summer, I remember, a drought (旱灾)hit Ontario, turning it into a       desert. On one of those hot mornings I was picking sweet corn with my dad to fill the last    43    from the grocery store. Fifty dozen was all we needed, which
  44  took twenty minutes .That morning , however, the process didn’t 45  quickly. After forty minutes of aimlessly walking in the field, we    46   needed twenty dozen. I was completely frustrated and  47  . Dropping the basket heavily, I declared,  “If the store wants its last twenty dozen, they can pick it themselves!” Dad   48  ,“Just think, my little girl, only ten dozen left for each of us and then we’re  49  .” Such is Dad----whatever problem he    50     , he never gives up.        51     , the disastrous effects of the drought were felt all over our county.It was a challenging time for everyone,    52    Dad remained optimistic. He   53    to be grateful for other things like good health and food on our plates. Only then did I truly begin to    54    Dad and his faith that guided us through the hard times.    Dad is also a living example of real  55    . From dawn to dusk, he works countless hours to   56    our family. He always puts our happiness    57    his own, and never fails to cheer me on at my sports games    58    his exhaustion after long days. His loving and selfless nature has inspired me to become more sympathetic and    59    putting others first.    Dad,the life      I have learned from you will stay with me forever. You are my father, teacher, friend and, most importantly, my hero.
A.teacher       	B. farmer      		C. gardener              D.grocer42.A.stormy        	B.lively          		C. burning       		D.disappearing
43. A. gap       	B.order            	C. form           		D.position44.A.normally    	B. repeatedly      	C.finally                       	D.really45.A.change      	B.begin         	C.occur              	D.go 
46.A.yet            	B. nearly      		C.even              		D.still 
47.A.surprised     	B.angry     			C.nervous           		D.frightened48.A.laughed      	B.cried       		C.complained       		D.apologized
49.A.lost           	B. gone      		C.done            	D.touched50.A. brings up    	B.meets with    		C.works out     		D.thinks about51.A.Thankfully     	B.Hopefully       	C. Strangely  		D.Unfortunately
52.A.or         		B.but     			C.so       			D.for
53.A.continued   	B.seemed        		C. happened       	D.aimed54.A.face      		B. examine      		C.appreciate        	D.question55.A. pride      	B.love           		C.friendship       	D.honesty56.A.  start      		B.settle       		C.support     		D.impress57.A.after          	B. under    		C.beside      		D.before 58.A.in terms of    B.in spite of      	C.in control of    	D.in place of59.A.considerate    B.regretful       		C. careful       		D.humorous60.A.history        	B.lessons        		C.patterns          	D.motto
第Ⅱ卷
注意:Ⅱ卷答案写在答题卡上。
第二节 (共小题, 每小题1分,满分15分)
    61    trees are vital to our life is not a secret. They provide us with food, wood and most     62    (important), oxygen. Now there is one more thing we can add to this list—blocking out harmful bacteria from water.
The discovery     63   (make) by a team     64    (consist) of scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and high school students    65    were seeking a natural water filter-one that would help communities in developing countries that do not have     66    (accessible) to modern water filter systems.
The     67   (research), led by Professor Rohit Karnik, decided to turn to trees for help because they could allow liquid to flow through, while blocking out air bubbles.
They began by cutting 1.5-inch-wide sections of tree bark from the branches of a white pine tree. The people related then tested the wood's filtering ability by pouring water containing red dye particles of different sizes through.   68    their amazement, they found that it was effective in trapping all the articles.     69   (encourage), the team conducted     70    experiment, this time with water that contained bacteria. Sure enough, the sapwood held back 99% of the bacteria, allowing only 1% to flow through.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
’t very happy about leaving my friends. But Dad thought it’d be good for we all to live in countryside around Bern. And Uncle Jeff, who’d been living there for about 20 years, were always telling us how a beautiful city Bern was. He said it would be easily for Dad to get a job in Bern.But we all agreed to move to there. Now we’ve been here for quite a few year, and we all love it.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
奋斗中学2017--2018学年第二学期第一次月考
高二英语试题答案
阅读理解:
21-24.CDAB    25-28.BACD     29-32.DACB     33-35.DAB
七选五:
36-40.CDFAG
完形填空:
41-45.BCBAD      46-50.DBACB 
51-55.DBACB      56-60.CDBAB
语法填空:
the      62. importantly    63. was made    64.consisting      65.who 
66. access    67.researchers    68. To      69.Encouraged       70. another
改错:
when-that      2.enjoy-enjoyed     3. we-us        4.countryside 前加the
5.were-was    6. how-what        7.easily-easy    8.But-And或So  
9. 去掉there 前的to   10.year-years.

作文例文:
Dear Bob,
I’m sorry to say that I cannot go to the bookstore with you on Friday afternoon. I have just found that I have to attend an important class meeting that afternoon. I hope the change will not cause you too much trouble.
Shall we go on Saturday morning? We can set out early so that we’ll have more time to read and select books. If it’s convenient for you, let’s meet at 8:30 outside the school gate. If not, let me know what time suits you best. I should be available any time after school next week.
Yours,
Li Hua 
Dear Bob,
I am very sorry to tell you that I can't go to the book store with you this afternoon, because I have to join the debate on behalf of my class. Last week I had been told that I would take part in the debate for my class this Saturday, but I forgot it totally and told you I would go to the book store with you today. I am very sorry for this, and  hope you can understand me. We can go to the book store together next time.
best wishes.  

说明原因;
                                       



           










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