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山西省运城市康杰中学2018届高考模拟(二)英语试卷

资料类别: 英语/试题

所属版本: 通用

所属地区: 山西

上传时间:2018/5/25

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康杰中学2017—2018高考英语模拟题(二)
命题人:晋薇  樊玢     审题人:贾红云
 2018.5
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分0分)
第一节(共15小题;每小分,满分分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
It is one of the liveliest festivals that happen in Bath and it is returning this September. The Jane Austen Festival kicks off on September 8 and runs for ten days until September 17 with events running every day and evening.
What are some of the festival highlights?
Grand Regency Costumed Charity Walk
The highlight is usually the walk which sees 600 or more fans dressed in period dress as they walk from Royal Crescent Lawn through the city to Parade Gardens. It is a splendid sight to see in the historic, Georgian streets.
When: Saturday, September 9/11: 00 am-12: 30 pm
Where: Royal Crescent Lawn
    Tickets: £ 10 per adult / FREE to watch
    Mr Wickham and an evening with Jane Austen
    Jane Austen’s most memorable characters come to life at the Old Theater Royal. Performances include the handsome Wickham (Adrian Lukis). Period music and a talk from historian Catherine Creon will also feature.
    When: Sunday, September 10/7: 30 pm-9: 00 pm
    Where: The Masonic Hall (Old Theater Royal)
    Regency Dance Workshops
    “There is nothing like dancing. After all. I consider it as one of he first refinements of polished societies...”Join in on the fun. Costumes are welcome but not necessary!
    When: Thursday, September 14/10: 30 am-12: 00 pm
    Where: Assembly Rooms
    Tickets: £ 15
    Are there any free events?
    Yes.
    A Reading of Northanger Abbey. The novel will be read aloud throughout the festival. Sections of Austen’s first novel are set in Bath and you can still find the locations mentioned!
    When: Everyday from Sept. 10-sept. I7 from 2:00 pm-3:00 pm
    Where: Waterstones bookshop, Milsom Street (upstairs)
21. What does the author say about the festival?
   A. It is in honor of a novel        	B. It starts on September 8
   C. It is held beyond Bath            	D. It is intended for the locals
22. Where should people wear special costumes to attend an event?
  A. Royal Crescent Lawn.              B. The Masonic Hall 
  C. Assembly Rooms                  D. Waterstones bookshop. 
23. Which of the following events are not included in the celebration of this festival?
  A. Joining in a charity walk through the city Bath.
  B. Attending a lecture from a historian.
  C. Watching a performance by actor Wickham.
  D. Enjoying the public reading of Jane Austen’ s first novel.
B
I handed the card from my school’s help-wanted board to the man behind the counter of Mort’s Deli(熟食店)at the Farmers Market. Even before I opened my mouth, he was shaking his head.
It was September 1957, and my family had just arrived in California. My father only got work two or three days a week. Our poor savings were gone, and as the eldest boy of the family, I was the only one able to help.
“let me work the rest of the week, and if you don’t like the way I do the job, don’t pay me.”I said. The tall man stared at me, then nodded. At Mort’s, I worked very hard. Near the end of the day he called me up to him. “How much did that card at school say this job paid? "he asked. “One dollar an hour. " I whispered. Actually I was willing to take less.
“That’s not enough for someone who works as hard as you, "Mort said. “You start at £ 1.25.”Over the next few weeks I learned a lot about Mort. Our store was closed on Sundays, so every Saturday evening Mort urged me to take home the leftover soup. It was a meal in itself, a treat for my struggling family.
One Saturday after work. I was about to step in my house when I saw a large man in my father's chair. He was swearing at my father. I quietly walked into the kitchen and listened through the door. The man wanted to take our car. Dad offered to make the three payments that were due, but the man demanded the entire sum---£325---or the car. I slipped out of the door, thinking: Who might have £ 325? Who would even consider lending me so much money?
The only person I could think of was Mort. I ran back to his deli and told him my tale. “So, could you possibly lend my father £325?"I finished, realizing how absurd it sounded. Although Mort’s eye bored(挖) holes in my face, he gave me £ 325, saying, “I 'll take back half your wages until it's repaid.”
That night I was a hero to my family, But the real hero was Mort Rubin, who quietly raised my salary every month afterwards. He made the world a better place.
24. Why does the author talk about his family in Paragraph 2?
   A. To show his strong desire for a job.         B. To reflect his poor living conditions.
   C. To stress the heavy burden on his father.     D. To prove high living costs in California.
25. What can be inferred from the underlined sentence?
   A. The meal was cheap but very delicious       
B. The soup was fuel in snowy weather.
   C. The soup was more than the family could consume. 
   D. The soup was a basic solution to the author’s family.
26. Why did Mort give the author £ 325?
   A. Because the author wanted to buy a car.   
   B. Because the three payments of the author’s family were due. 
   C. Because he thought it absurd not to lend the author the money. 
   D. Because the author wanted to pay off all the debts for his family.
27. Which words can be used to describe Mort Rubin?
   A. Cold but flexible.        			B. Patient and hard-working.
   C. Kind and helpful.             	D. Strict and calculating.
C
    Researchers at the University of California, Irvine (UCI) found between 1965 and 2012, all but one of 11 Western nations showed an increase in the amount of time both parents spent with their children. The exception was France. The subject pool included 122,271 parents in Canada, the U.K., the U. S., Denmark, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain and Slovenia between the ages of 18 and 65 with at least one child younger than 13. The 68, 532 mothers and 53, 739 fathers kept a journal of their daily activities.
    While mothers in 1965 might have spent more time at home with children, they only spent 54 minutes on child care activities, according to the study. Mothers in 2012 nearly doubled that, reporting 104 minutes per day. Fathers’ time with children nearly quadrupled(变成四倍)since 1965, when fathers reported spending16 minutes with children. In 2012, fathers spent an average of 59 minutes caring for children.
    Time spent with children includes preparing food, feeding, bathing, changing diapers and clothes, preparing for bedtime, reading, playing, and helping with homework.
    Within the 2012 data, researchers found parents with a college education spend much more time with children compared to parents without a college degree. The study’s findings shocked the study co-author Judith Treas, UCI’s Professor of Sociology.
“According to economic theory, higher wages should discourage well-educated parents from quitting work to spend extra time with youngsters,” she said in a statement. Also they have the money to pay others to care for their children. However, the fact is that they manage to spare as much time as they can for their children.” Treas said the trend might be due to "intensive parenting", the idea that time spent with children is critical for development.
28. What did the study mainly find?
   A. Parents worked outside more to support family. 
   B. More Western parents ignored their children.
   C. Parents spent more time with their children.
   D. French parents were especially devoted to their children. 
29. What did the study say about fathers compared with mothers?
   A. They focused more on work.             	B. They preferred work to child care.
   C. They spent more time with children         	D. They changed more than mothers
30. How did Treas find the study’s findings?
   A. Pioneering.        B. Surprising.        	C. Doubtful.          D. Reasonable.
31. Which saying can conclude the last paragraph?
   A. You can have your cake and eat it too.
   B. Parents are the first teachers of children.
   C. The mother’s heart is the child’s schoolroom.
   D. What sculpture is to a block of marble, education is to the soul.
D
 When a laptop or smart phone battery starts losing its power, the only options are to buy an expensive replacement, or just keep it plugged in all the time. But one woman may have found the answer to this problem.
Mya Le Thai is a scientist studying at the University of California. She recently discovered a process that may lead to batteries that last forever.
Thai said she had been frustrated that the batteries for her wireless devices degraded over time, until they failed to charge fully. Thai did not like having to keep her laptop connected to an electrical outlet(电源插座) to keep it powered on. So, she decided to do something about that problem. At first, she and her team at UC Irvine thought about inventing a new battery. But as they experimented, Thai discovered something that might permit lithium-ion(锂离子) batteries to last forever.
Lithium-ion batteries power most wireless devices. Over time, the batteries lose the ability to hold a charge. Most of these batteries have a life span of about 7,000 charging cycles before they die. One of the reasons lithium-ion batteries degrade is their use of nanowires to carry electricity. Nanowires are extremely thin, A human hair is thousands of times thicker, for example. Nanowires are extremely efficient carriers of electricity, which makes them useful in batteries. But Thai said their thinness also makes them weak. "Nanowires break and fracture over time,” she said. “That's why they lose capacity.”
But, Thai had a theory --- the nanowires might last longer if covered with a gel(凝胶). She and her team tested this theory.“ It was a long process and a lot of work, "Thai said. The team tried many coverings for the wires. PMMA, a type of plastic, was one of them. The nanowires were coated with PMMA and cycled through charges 200,000 times. The PMMA-coated nanowires showed no evidence of damage. The results suggest that batteries could last forever, without losing charging ability. Thai said 200,000 cycles amount to about three months on just one device. Thai hopes to continue her research to understand why this gel works so well and to see if any other gel could create better results. 
32. What caused Thai to work on lithium-ion batteries?
A. She found that batteries gradually wear out.
B. She disliked the batteries for her laptop.
C. She thought batteries were too expensive.
D. She and her team were assigned to invent a new battery.
33. Which of the following sentences is TRUE about nanowires?
A. They are too weak to carry electricity.
B. They last only 7,000 charging cycles.
C.They are the main cause of battery degrading.
D. They are not suitable to use in batteries.
34. The breakthrough may most probably lie in____________.
A. a new kind of battery
B. new materials for batteries
C. Coating nanowires in gel
D. a new way of charging batteries
35. What may be the best title for the passage?
A. Why batteries are degrading
B. Scientist invents life-long battery
C. Nanowires discovered by scientist
D. Nanowires trying on new coating
第二节(共5小题;每小题3分,满分1分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Modern life is making us lonelier, and recent research indicates that this may be the next biggest public health issue following obesity and substance abuse.   36   Changes in modern society are considered to be the cause. We live in nuclear family units, often living large distances away from our extended family and friends, and our growing reliance on social technology rather than face-to-face interaction is thought to be making us feel more isolated (孤立的).  
  37   Relocating to a new area, losing a loved one, and starting a course at university are all key times when people feel lonely. Some people believe this experience of loneliness motivates us to reconnect with others and to seek out new friendships to reduce the “social pain” that we feel.   38   But for some, when reconnection is not easy or not possible and a person is socially isolated, he can remain in this uncomfortable loneliness state for a number of years, which is linked to poor mental health.
There are a number of misunderstandings regarding those who experience loneliness. Certainly all of us feel it from time to time.   39   They may be socially isolated due to decreased mobility and loss of friends and partners. But it is not often acknowledged that loneliness also affects people at all ages, including children, and is particularly common in the teenage years.
Another myth (谬见) is that loneliness is typically associated with being alone, but it also affects people when they are surrounded by others and well connected socially.   40  
A. They think it is useful to us.
B. So why are we getting lonelier?
C. Loneliness affects all of us at some point in our lives.
D. But how on earth can we get rid of this upsetting “friend”?
E. Loneliness almost accompanies us all the time and everywhere.
F. But it is commonly known that loneliness particularly affects the elderly.
G. This is because loneliness is about the quality not the quantity of relationships. 
第三部分  语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节(共20小题;每小题2分,满分0分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.
My wife and I recently had a two-week trip to Vietnam and Thailand. It was exciting! The best part was that we made different people’sthere. I also learned some lessons from the trip, and I’d like to   42   the biggest lesson that I learned with you: to live your life to the fullest, you need to learn new   43  .
I spend most of my time in my home country, Indonesia.    44  ,I can understand what everybody is saying there. I also spent some time overseas in an English-speaking country. I could also   45   what everybody there is saying.
This trip is quite different. Here I spent my time in two countries where most people don't speak English.    46  , I couldn't understand what they were saying! I remember my  47  that what sounded like random voices to me actually   48   meaning. I also remember the     49  feeling— after coming back home— of suddenly understanding again what everyone around is saying, which left me puzzled and  50  .
This gave me realization: I have been living in a   51   environment. Being at a place with a   52   language is one of the great pleasures in life. It's good to understand what everyone around you is saying   53   having to learn anything new.
But   54  ? Doing that means   55   yourself to just a small part of the word. It’s like being in a small box. The   56   is that there is so much more out there. There are so many  57  cultures to experience in other countries. You need to   58   them if you want to live your life to the fullest. But that   59   you to learn new languages after you   60   your box.
A. day			B. peace				C. acquaintance		D. assistance
A. share			B. provide			C. teach				D. attend
A. languages		B. customs			C. manners			D. skills
A. Surprisingly		B. Practically			C. Hardly				D. Obviously
A. copy			B. predict				C. follow				D. identify
A. Otherwise		B. Therefore			C. However			D. Besides
A. amazement		B. satisfaction			C. disappointment		D. argument
A. reserves		B. produces			C. possesses			D. lacks
A. pleasant		B. anxious			C. uneasy				D. strange
A. in a hurry		B. at a loss			C. at a disadvantage	D. in a dilemma
A. visible			B. recognizable		C. comfortable			D. changeable
A. special			B. familiar			C. beautiful			D. natural
A. without			B. by				C. except				D. beyond
A. what for		B. so what			C. how come			D. guess what
A. devoting		B. preventing	 		C. limiting			D. committing
A. reason			B. fact				C. challenge			D. trick
A. traditional		B. memorial			C. noble				D. diverse
A. wait for			B. play with			C. go through			D. relate to 
A. intends			B. requires			C. commands			D. encourages
A. get rid of		B. jump out of			C. make use of			D. take charge of
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 
Hutong is a kind of ancient typical city road in Beijing.   61   (surround) the Forbidden City, many were built during the Yuan, Ming and Qing   62   (dynasty). In order to establish the strongest power for emperors, the royal family planned the city and arranged the residential areas. The Forbidden City----   63   center of the Beijing city, was the royal palace.
At the end of the Qing dynasty, after   64   (close) China came under the influence from abroad, many old hutongs lost   65   (they) former neat (灵巧的) arrangement.
After the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the conditions of hutong   66   (improve). But in recent years, the houses in many hutongs have been pulled   67   and then replaced by modern buildings. And the hutong today is fading into the shade for both tourists   68   local people.
However, in the urban district of Beijing, hutongs still occupy one   69   (three) of the total area, providing housing for half population, so many hutongs   70   (survive) these years. In this respect, we see Beijing as an ancient yet modern city.
第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
            2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
In order to strengthen our sense of social responsible, the students in our school launched an activity of donating books to the children in poor areas. We gather in front of the school library in the afternoon of Jan. 15th. Each of them gave away some books what we treasured. We even wrote our names and address on the front pages, hope to be contacted and make friends with the children who would receive the books. About two thousand books were collected in and sent away. An activity not only provided a good chance for us show love for others, but also helped us to make new friends.
第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,你的美国朋友Tom听说在中国通过扫描二维码(scan QR codes)就可以轻松实现移动支付(mobile payment),感到不可思议。请你写封邮件告知移动支付在中国的相关情况。内容包括:移动支付的使用平台,在日常生活中的功能,及其对人民生活的影响。
注意:
	1. 词数100左右;
	2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
英语模拟(二)答案
(A)21- 23 BAC			 ( B)  24-27 ABDC
 ( C)  28-31 CDBA		 ( D)  32-35 ACCB
36-40 BEAFG
41-45 CAADC		46-50 BACDB		51-55 CBADC		56-60 BDCBB
61. Surrounding    62. dynasties     63. the     64. closed    65. their
66. were improved  67. down        68. and    69. third     70. have survived
第一节 短文改错
responsible---responsibility   gather---gathered     in---on   them---us    what---that
address---addresses         hope---hoping       in去掉   An---The     show前加to
第二节 书面表达
One possible version: 
Dear Tom,
Glad to hear you are interested in our mobile payment. Mobile payment is most popular in China. Most of us are used to paying by scanning QR codes. It has made the daily life of Chinese people more and more convenient. 
Taking a mobile phone with Alipay or Wechat, we can pay easily wherever we go. Buying breakfast from the street stand, paying in a bus and purchasing subway ticket are all possible by only scanning with a smart phone. Mobile payment allows us to bid farewell to the wallet and bank cards. 
Mobile payment has greatly changed our lives. It seems that it is also interesting other nations. No wonder you are curious about it. 
 Looking forward to your experiencing it in person. 
                                                                   Yours.
                                                                   LiHua 












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