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山西省运城市康杰中学2018届高考模拟(三)英语试卷

资料类别: 英语/试题

所属版本: 通用

所属地区: 山西

上传时间:2018/5/25

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康杰中学2017—2018高考英语模拟试题(三)
2018.5
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分60分)
第一节 (共15小题; 每小题3分,满分45分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。It helps you understand common expressions when you are studying English.
Now, let’s say you are a regular listener to the show and you want to learn t he meaning of the saying to be cut from the same cloth. So you write to us requesting more information. Then I write a show about that expression. You could say that program is tailor-made just for you. We will explain it like this: A tailor makes men’s clothing. When a tailor goes to work, he or she first takes measurements. The tailor then makes clothing for just that individual, not a group of people. We call that kind of clothing tailor-made.
But now, let’s get back to our earlier expression?to be cut from the same cloth. aWhen making a business suit, a tailor cuts the coat from the same piece of cloth. This way, the color and quality of the material match. Let’s say Felix and Catherine design video games. The two young designers both want to design good games that help children. They also have the same sense of humor. So, you could say they are cut from the same cloth.
They are also good friends. So if Catherine were in need, Felix would give her the shirt off his back. Now, we praise people who roll up their sleeves and who give you the shirt off their backs. We tip our hats to these people.
OK, another phrase. Catherine has been out of work for a month, and she is on pins and needles for months, hoping for a job offer. Tailors often use pins and needles when making clothes. Most pins and needles are made of metal梐nd they are sharp! nThey would hurt you if you sat on them. So if you are on pins and needles, you are anxiously waiting for something to happen.
21. How can we describe twins according to the passage?
	A. They are tailor-made.					B. They are on pins and needles.
C. They are cut from the same cloth.		D. They tip their hats to each other.
22. In which situation may we give a friend the shirt off our backs?
	A. He has done a good deed. 				B. He is lacking in food.
C. He is curious about something.			D. He is waiting for his exam scores.
23. From where can you find the passage?
	A. An academic magazine.				B. A radio program.
C. An entertainment report.				D. A TV show.
B
I found a police report that had been filed in Florida 17 years before. It said a boy was hit and his body was thrown 19 yards. But he wasn’t thrown; he was dragged that far and caught in the chains of the truck. It said someone fled the scene, but that someone was my older brother, Alex, and he didn’t flee. He rushed over to his friend, but the boy was already dead. It said… But…
Alex had just turned 15. This was the day we never spoke about. We thought it would make a difference in helping him step out of the shadow of that accident. So I didn’t bring it up until one night, when we were 30 and 31, I asked if he ever thought about the day Jonathan died. But he responded with an unpleasant laugh and a cold silence.
Before the accident, we were inseparable. After the accident, we didn’t have words for any conversation. I was desperate to reconnect and convinced that the only way to do so was to get as close as I could to that day.
I tracked down the police report. I wrote down the driver’s name and found his phone number. I told him I wanted to know about an accident he was involved in back in 1999. He told me it was the hardest time in his life. I told him I wanted to find a way to take away my brother’s pain.
“You can’t.” he said “But if you want to lessen it, let him talk to you, and once those words start coming, you’ll realize that asking is the easy part.  Listening is the hard part.” I hung up the phone but didn’t stop there. I tracked down the witnesses.
A year after the first phone call, I met with my brother and told him about the people I had spoken to and what they had said, and his instinct(本能) was to confirm and correct each detail. That was my opening, and his too. Later I was able to ask what no one in my family ever had: “Could you just start at the beginning and tell me everything?”
And he did.
24. How did the police report in Paragraph 1 appear to be in the author’s opinion?
	A. Fact-free.		B. Ambiguous.		C. Persuasive.		D. Cautiously-worded.
25. Why did the author avoid referring to the accident?
	A. To avoid arguing with his brother.		
B. To protect his brother from others’ scolding.
C. To help relieve his brother’s pain.
D. To show trust in his brother’s innocence.
26. What may the author’s brother need most after the accident?
	A. Others’ real understanding.			B. Others’ immediate company.
C. Others’ sincere listening.				D. Others’ detailed asking.
27. Which is the best title for the passage?
	A. The Accident No One Talked About		B. The Experience Shaping My Brother
C. The Question No One Cared About		D. The Moment Changing My Brother’s Life
C
Research finds that children who play violent games or watch violent TV can become violent themselves, but what drives this change? Are the kids simply copy what they see on the screen, or could gaming have a more profound effect on their brains, affecting behavior?
To explore that question, Dr. Vincent Matthews and his colleagues at Indiana University, who have long studied media violence, looked at what happened in the brains in 28 students who were randomly assigned to play either a violent, first-person shooter game or a non-violent one every day for a week. None of the participants had much previous gaming experience.
At the start of the study, researchers used functional MRI to scan brain activity in the participants, all young adult men, while they completed lab-based tasks involving either emotional or non-emotional content. The participants were then scanned again while they repeated the same tasks after a week of playing the video games.
Researchers found that those who played the violent video games showed less activity in areas that involved emotions, attention and inhibition(抑制) of our impulses(冲动). “Behavioral studies have shown an increase in aggressive behavior after violent video games, and what we show is the psychological explanation for what the behavioral studies are showing,” say Matthews. “We’re showing that there are changes in brain function that are likely related to that behavior.”
It’s not clear how long-lasting the changes may be. When Matthews brought the participants back after a week of not playing video games, their brain activity had changed again, recovering to more normal reactions, but their brain functions still weren’t quite the same as before they were exposed to the violent games.
28. What do we know about the participants?
	A. Both teenagers and adults were chosen.
B. The participants had never played any computer games before.
C. 28 participants were all young adult men.
D. The participants were carefully divided into two groups.
29. After playing a violent video game, a person is more likely to be ______.
	A. concentrative					B. impulsive		
C. calm							D. tired
30. What does the underlined part “more profound” in Paragraph I most probably mean?
	A. Greater.						B. Shorter.		
C. More negative 					D. More positive.
31. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
	A. What Causes Children to Be Violent
B. How Matthews Carried Out His Study
C. Say “No” to Computer Games
D. How Playing Violent Video Games May Change the Brain
D
    More and more comments sections are being shut down online.
Autumn Phillips had had enough. On Aug. 19, the executive editor of the Quad-City Times in Iowa, and Illinois, US visited her website, qctimes. Com, and saw a story about a man who had been shot to death. When she got to the readers’ comments section at the end, she was shocked by what she saw. Below the story was a growing string of comments — a racist remark about democratic(民主的) voters, a negative comment about police… So Phillips decided to do something she had been thinking about for a long time: she shut down the comments section.
Phillips was not alone in making such a move. Last week, NPR announced it too was closing its online comments section. The decisions don’t mean that the news outlets are no longer interested in what their audiences are thinking. Both stressed their eagerness to hear from readers and listeners on social networks. But both agreed that comments had deviated from their original intention. And so they had.
In the early days of digital journalism, comments were seen as a key part of this new media, a wonderful opportunity for strengthening the dialogue between news producers and their audiences. It was a welcome change, given that for long many news organizations were far too separated from their readers. Much more back and forth conversation seemed like healthy and welcome evolution. Sadly, that’s not the way things turned out. Rather than a place for exchanging ideas, comments sections became the home of ugly name-calling, racism and anti-women language. Besides their poisonous quality, comments seem out of place today.
“Since we made the announcement, I’ve received an outpouring of responses from our readers,” she says. “I’ve heard from parents whose children were hurt by our online comments. I’ve heard from people who said they wouldn’t send in letters to the editor because they were attacked so fiercely by comments, and it wasn’t worth it.”
32. Why did Autumn Phillips shut down the comments section?
	A. It was put to wrong use.				B. Her website was attacked heavily.
C. It exposed many illegal issues.			D. She was angry about readers’ comments.
33. What does the underlined sentence in paragraph 3 indicate about comments?
	A. They were out of date.				
B. They had gone against their original intentions.
C. They were full of sensitive information	
D. They couldn’t interest the audience.
34. What was the welcome change in the early digital journalism?
	A. Readers’ having more access to news.
B. Readers’ making less negative comments.
C. Readers’ freedom to express their thoughts.
D. Readers’ active involvement in the new industry.
35. How do many readers feel about Autumn Phillips’ move?
	A. Cautious.			B. Hopeful.		C. Surprised.			D. Grateful.
第二节(共5小题每小题3分,共15分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
How to Be Good at Sports 
If sports are something that interests you, it stands to reason that you would want to be good at them. Here are some tips that can help you become a good player.
Set ambitious but realistic goals. If you want to be great at sports, you need to set your aims high.  36  Instead, you should take a look at what you are, and figure out where you think you would like to be. Give yourself a suitable amount of time to achieve that goal.
Be patient.  37  Impatient athletes tend to make poor ones. If you’re not patient, you’ll try to jump into advanced techniques long before you’re ready. You’ll feel discouraged when you don’t see immediate improvement.
Join a sports team. Most of the sports teams are free to join. If you go to school, you should go for team tryouts when they’re happening  38 .
Accept criticism(批评). When you play sports, you will unavoidably receive criticism, whether from a coach or other players.  39  Are they angry because you missed a pass, or do they sincerely want to help you improve? In a lot of cases, you can use criticism as motivation to get better.
     40  A skill becomes mastered when you’re able to do it without thinking. Given enough time and practice, a skill will eventually fall under this category. When in a game, you won’t have time to think everything through, so practice until it’s all automatic.
A. Skills are often slow to build. 
B. This does not mean being unrealistic.
C. You need to take most of it with a grain of salt.
D. Practice until your skills become second nature.
E. You also need to be clear about what you are good at.
F. If you’re not in school, you can find a sports club online.
G. An important reason people join sports teams is to make friends.
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分55分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给出的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Social networking is a tool used by people all around the world. Its  41  is to promote and aid communication.  42 , this type of technology might be doing more harm than good.
On these networking sites, users  43  post pictures of themselves and their friends. Teenagers, however, use this new technology in a way that could be  44 . in this stage of their lives, they always  45  to impress their peers. Teenagers attract attention through the interesting pictures they  46 . In order to get the results they want, they try to get a reaction from controversial  47  of themselves. This adolescent need to be “ 48 ”leads to lots of young girls and boys attempting to  49  one another by showing themselves drinking, smoking, and partying.
With so many teens using social networking, it has become easier to  50  one another. Cyber bullying(欺凌) is a form of bullying that is only done through the web. Bullying is  51  to deal with in person, but the situation is even severer over the Internet. When  52  comments are posted on a person’s page, anyone can see them. However, on the network no one is there to  53  the attack. This makes it harder for a  54  to find the attacker.
With the constant use of these social technologies, fewer people are communicating  55 . Many people are becoming  56  due to the lack of personal communication. What’s more, without person-to-person communication we will  57  our language skills and have trouble speaking in public. Normal debates will become more difficult because we are not  58  to read one another’s body language.
Social networking aids long-distance communication greatly  59  there must be a stopping point. It cannot become our main  60  of communication.
41. A. challenge		B. feature			C. purpose			D. solution
42. A. Therefore		B. However		C. Moreover			D. Instead
43. A. normally		B. quickly		C. repeatedly			D. regularly
44. A. boring 			B. useless		C. dangerous			D. strange
45. A. manage			B. pretend		C. want				D. agree
46. A. draw			B. post			C. take				D. collect
47. A. conclusion		B. images			C. evaluation			D. stories
48. A. pretty			B. smart			C. cool				D. rich
49. A. frighten			B. support		C. influence			D. impress
50. A. cheat			B. attack			C. bother				D. embarrass
51. A. difficult			B. common		C. direct				D. possible
52. A. untrue			B. meaningless	C. stupid				D. cruel
53. A. witness			B. cause			C. prevent			D. suffer
54. A. user			B. victim			C. teenager			D. parent
55. A. in person		B. in order		C. as well				D. as usual
56. A. lonelier			B. quieter			C. weaker			D. lazier
57. A. show			B. lose			C. need				D. hide
58. A. willing			B. free			C. ready				D. able
59. A. and 			B. but			C. or				D. so
60. A. form			B. system			C. rule				D. task
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。When you meet people from different cultures, it is important  63 (understand) what you can and cannot do. If we are not aware  64  these differences, some unusual  65 (thing) might happen. For instance, in China, it  66 (be) rude to put the chopsticks into a bowl of rice straightly as it is often done for the dead. If you visit Nepal, you will find Nepalese often greet each other with the hands pressed together instead of shaking hands,  67  in North America and the UK, people greet one another by  68 (shake) hands. If you will do business with a South American, it seems  69  (impolitely) to be dressed in the light colors. What about Japanese? They dislike the lotus(莲花) and  70  not give it as a gift to Japanese because they regard it as the mourning flower. While these different customs might seem strange to you, remember that what you consider normal probably seems just as unusual to others.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除: 把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;     2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
First of all, I believe that if we plant more tree, there will be less haze in their city. Trees can absorb exhaust fumes(尾气) from cars, thus reduce pollution. Second, the government should punish the factories where produce too many fumes. Exhaust fumes is the main cause of haze and do greatly harm to people’s health. Maybe we can move factories to areas where few people live. Third, I think it was a great idea to encourage people to use public transportation. Last but not least, we can call on citizens ride bikes if they travel short journeys.

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
高三英语模拟(三)答案
阅读理解:
21-23 C B B		24-27 A C C A   		28-31 C B A D  	32-35 A B D D
36-40 B A F C D 
完形填空:
41-45 C B A C C	46-50 B B C D B 	 	51-55 ADABA 	56-60 A B D B A
语法填空:
61. allowed	62. its 		63. to understand 		64.of 			65.things 
66. is 		67. while 	68.shaking 			69. impolite		70. do
短文改错:
Everyone should take the action to reduce haze(雾霾), which is harmless to our health. 
														harmful
First of all, I believe that if we plant more tree, there will be less haze in their city. Trees can 
								  trees					   our
absorb exhaust fumes(尾气) from cars, thus reduce pollution. Second, the government should
								   reducing
punish the factories where produce too many fumes. Exhaust fumes is the main cause of haze 
			   which/that								   are
and do greatly harm to people’s health. Maybe we can move factories to areas where few people 
	   great
live. Third, I think it was a great idea to encourage people to use public transportation. Last but 
				  is
not least, we can call on citizens ∧ ride bikes if they travel short journeys.
						   to
书面表达
Dear Mary,
Here’s a good opportunity for you to learn about the Chinese culture right in China. In the summer holiday, a camp will be held in my school for international students to experience the Chinese culture.
Lectures will be given by professors from famous universities in China. Students of different cultures can have a face-to-face talk with each other. Besides, trips to historical places of interest will be made, including the Palace Museum, the Great Wall and so on. Come and experience the real Chinese culture! You’re free to stay in our school, but pay for entrance tickets to  places of interest at a discount and your flights fully. 
I’m looking forward to your coming to China.
Your sincerely, 
Li Hua










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